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Professor Tim Lockley

Staff Contact Information: Humanities Room 339; Office Hours


Telephone: 02476 524764

Academic Profile

M.A. from the University of Edinburgh in 1993

Ph.D. from the University of Cambridge in 1996. Dissertation Title, 'Encounters between Afro-Americans and Non-Slaveholding Whites in Lowcountry Georgia, 1750-1830'.

University of Warwick -- Lecturer 1996-2005; Senior Lecturer (Associate Professor) 2005-2010; Reader 2010-15; Professor since 2015

Director of the Humanities Research Centre

Associate editor of Slavery & Abolition

Board Member of European Early American Studies Association

AHRC Grant: "Africa's Sons Under Arms"

Member of: Southern Historical Association; British Group in Early American History; British Association of American Studies; British American Nineteenth-Century Historians



Maroon Communities in South Carolina: A Documentary Record (Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2009 cloth and paperback) pp138

This volume is a collection of transcribed manuscript materials with extensive commentary and interpretative essays.

Welfare and Charity in the Antebellum South (Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2007 cloth: Paperback edition 2009) pp276

This book explores the meaning and role of poor relief in the antebellum south. The main thrust of the argument is that the southern elite increasingly used poor relief as a means to reduce social tension, and to teach the poor what it meant to be 'southern'.

Lines in the Sand: Race and Class in Lowcountry Georgia, 1750-1860. (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2001 cloth: Paperback edition 2004), 280pp.

This book is principally about the myriad relationships between non-slaveholding whites and enslaved African Americans, and argues that relations between the two groups were not always antagnoistic but could be formed on the basis of mutual advantage.

Edited Books

Slavery in the New World: Volume 1 - Colonial North America; Volume 2: The American Revolution (London: Pickering & Chatto, 2008) pp328 & 242

These two volumes are edited collections of rare printed primary materials with commentary and introductory essays.

America in the British Imagination (Cambridge Scholars Press, 2007) co-edited with Catherine Armstrong and Roger Fagge.

This collection of essays examines how British people have conceived of America over the course of more than four hundred years. It arose out of conference in 2005 that I helped to organise, and I contributed the introduction to the volume.

Articles in Peer Reviewed Journals

"Slaveholders and Slaves in Savannah's 1860 Census" Urban History 41.4 (November 2014), 647-663.

'Black Mortality in Antebellum Savannah' Social History of Medicine 26.4 (November 2013), 633-652.

"Survival Strategies of Poor White Women in Savannah, 1800-1860" Journal of the Early Republic, 32.3 (Fall 2012), pp. 415-435

"David Margrett: A Black Missionary in the Revolutionary Atlantic." Journal of American Studies, 46.3 (August 2012), pp. 729-745

"'Like a Clap of Thunder in a Clear Sky': Differential Mortality during Savannah's Yellow Fever Epidemic of 1854" Social History 37.2 (May 2012), pp. 166-186

"Maroon and Slave Communities in South Carolina before 1865" South Carolina Historical Magazine 113.2 (April 2012), 125-145. (co-authored with David Doddington)

‘Rural Poor Relief in Colonial South Carolina’ The Historical Journal, 48.4 (December 2005), pp. 955-976.

'"The Manly Game": Cricket and Masculinity in Savannah, Georgia, 1859' International Journal of the History of Sport 20 (September 2003), pp.77-98.

'The Purpose of Public Poor Relief in Buncombe County, North Carolina, 1792-1860.' North Carolina Historical Review 80 (January 2003), pp.28-51.

‘Gender and Justice in Antebellum Savannah: The Case of George Flyming’ Georgia Historical Quarterly, 84 (Summer, 2000), pp.230-253.

‘Trading Encounters between Non-Elite whites and African Americans in Savannah, 1790-1860.’ Journal of Southern History 66 (February, 2000), pp25-48.

‘Crossing the Race Divide: Inter-racial Sex in Antebellum Savannah’ Slavery & Abolition 18 (December, 1997), pp159-173.

Book Chapters

' "The King of England's Soldiers": Armed blacks in Savannah and its hinterlands during the Revolutionary War Era, 1778-1787' in Leslie Harris & Daina Berry eds, Slavery and Freedom in Savannah (Athens: Unviersity of Georgia Press, 2014) 26-41.

'The Rise and Fall of Female Benevolence in Antebellum Savannah' in Mary Laven & Emily Clark eds., Women and Religion in the Atlantic Age - 1550–1900 (London: Ashgate, 2013), 195-212.

"Black and White Relations" in Gad Heuman and Trevor Burnard eds., The Routledge History of Slavery (London: Routledge, 2010). pp. 243-264.

"Race and Slavery" in Robert L. Paquette and Mark M. Smith, eds., Oxford Handbook of Slavery in the Americas (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010), pp. 336-356.

‘"To Train Them to Habits of Industry and Usefulness": Moulding the Poor Children of Antebellum Savannah’ in John E. Murray & Ruth Wallis Herndon eds., Children Bound to Labor: The Pauper Apprentice System in Early America. (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2009) pp. 133-148.

‘Spheres of Influence: Working black and white women in antebellum Savannah’. In Susanna Delfino & Michele Gillespie, (eds.), Neither Lady, Nor Slave: Working Women of the Old South. (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2002), pp.102-120.

'Partners in Crime: African-Americans and non-slaveholding whites in antebellum Georgia,' in Matt Wray & Annalee Newitz, (eds.) White Trash: Race and Class in America. (New York & London: Routledge Press, 1997) pp57-72.

'A Struggle for Survival: Non-Elite White Women in Lowcountry Georgia, 1790-1830' in Christie Anne Farnham, (ed.),Women of the American South: A Multicultural Reader (New York: New York University Press, 1997), pp26-42.

Web Articles

"Runaway Slave Communities in South Carolina" for History in Focus Issue 12 (Spring 2007)

“Slavery during the American Revolution” for the New Georgia Encyclopaedia

“Bethesda” in the New Georgia Encyclopaedia

Encyclopedia Entries

‘Gender Relations’. In The Macmillan Encyclopaedia of World Slavery (New York: Macmillan, 1998), pp359-361.

Articles on “John Wesley”, “Tomochichi”, “Mary Musgrove”, “Oglethorpe”, “Savannah” and “Georgia” in The Facts on File Encyclopaedia of American History Series Vol 2: Colonization and Settlement (1585-1763) (Infobase, 2003)

Articles on “Benevolent Associations” and “Welfare and Charity” in the Encyclopaedia of the New American Nation 1754-1829(Scribner's 2005)

Articles on “Drake”, “The Virginia Company”, “The thirteen colonies”, “Government in British America” and “The British Empire in the Americas” for the Encyclopaedia of Western Colonialism (Macmillan 2006)

Article on “Antebellum Slavery” for the New Encyclopaedia of Southern Culture v.3 History (Chapel Hill, 2006)

Article on “Slavery” for the Encyclopaedia of Social Theory. (Routledge 2005)

Article on "Illegal Trading" for the Historical Encyclopedia of Slavery in the Americas (Facts on File, forthcoming)

Article on "North America" for the Concise Dictionary on Ancient Slavery (CD Rom - Mainz, 2006)

In progress

" 'Our American Way of Living': Defining the American Character on the eve of World war II"


Future research plans include a study of Savannah in 1820.

Recent Research Topics Supervised (PhD, MA)

A comparative study of responses to slave rebellions

Fear of the Armed Black Man in the Antebellum South

Conflict among male slaves

Rumour in the Revolutionary South

Marronage in St Lucia, Martinique, Guadaloupe, and Antigua.

Slave Insurrection scares in the antebellum South

Terror in the Revolutionary South

Male slave experiences (co-supervision)

British evangelicals and abolitionism (co-supervision)

Cultural brokers in the 18thC Southeast

Lower class leisure in colonial Georgia

Perceptions of gender among Native Americans and Europeans in the Colonial Southeastern USA

The impact of epidemics in antebellum Savannah, Georgia.

The urban jail population of antebellum Savannah, Georgia.

Runaway slaves in Georgia and Jamaica.

Class tensions amongst the Jamaican plantocracy (co-supervised)


Listen to my "In our time" appearances: July 5, 2007 (Pilgrim Fathers) November 21, 2013 (Pocahontas) October 23, 2014 (Haitian Revolution)

Listen to my Academic Minute on yellow fever.

I gave a talk on Maroon Communities in Beaufort, SC, on Oct 27, 2009. You can download the talk and the Q&A.

Undergraduate Modules Taught

North America Themes and Problems (AM102)

Early American Social History 1607-1776 (AM204)

Research Project (AM216)

Slavery and Slave Life in the American South 1619-1865 (AM407)

Postgraduate Modules Taught

Perceptions of Race in the Antebellum South

Contributions to Core Course in MA in Race in the Americas

Listen to the 2007 SHA Panel on Southern Honor

MMW lecture 2009

Southern Charities Project