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Professor David Anderson

David Anderson Office:
Office Hours:
H314, Third Floor of the Humanities Building
Mondays, 12.00 - 1.00, Thursdays 10.00 - 11.00
+44 (0) 24 76150991 (internal extension 50991)


Academic Profile

  • 2013-present: Professor of African History, University of Warwick

Research Interests

  • Along with Warwick colleague Professor Daniel Branch, I am currently writing up the research findings from a project on 'Empire Loyalists; Histories of Rebellion and Collaboration', funded by the AHRC. A conference and a workshop from this project were held in Warwick during April 2014. The book will be published by Oxford University Press, in 2016, and a group of journal articles will appear in 2015 and 2016.
  • With research support from the Research Council of Norway, and in collaboration with colleagues at the Peace Research Institute, Oslo, I am pursuing research on state violence in eastern Africa, especially in connection with the history of Somalia and its diaspora in the region since the 1950s. Publications from this research appeared in 2014 and 2015, and further work is continuing.
  • I am participating Early-Stage Researcher (Doctoral Scholarship) Marie Curie ITN Project, funded by the EU. This project, 'Resilience in East African Landscapes: Identifying critical threshold and sustainable trajectories – past, present and future (REAL)', funds more than a dozen doctoral students and involves collaboration between the University of Uppsala, University of York, University of Cologne, Ghent University, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Nairobi, the University of Dar es Salaam, and Warwick University, and supports a variety of training workshops as well as original research on the environmental history of eastern Africa. The work of Warwick doctoral student Maxmillian Chuhila is supported through this award. Publications from this project are planned for 2016.
  • I am participating in an ESRC-funded Seminar Series on British Africa Policy after Labour. This research network will involve six seminars, one hosted here at Warwick, as well as a seminar in Nairobi, hosted at the British Institute in Eastern Africa, scheduled for March 2016. The seminar involves partnerships with Chatham House, the Royal Africa Society, and the All-Part Parliamentary Group for Africa, as well as the universities of Sheffield, Birmingham, and Brookes Oxford. The Warwick seminar in this series took place in September 2014.
  • My work in connection with the High Court case brought against the British government by four Mau Mau veterans resulted in the publication of two important articles in 2012, focusing on the subject of torture and abuse under British rule in Kenya, and another article on rape in wartime (to be published in 2016). A further article, giving the background to the discovery of the "Migrated Archives", was published in History Workshop Journal in Autumn 2015.
  • My recent body of work on security in Africa will be drawn together in a book, co-authored with Dr Jonathan Fisher (University of Brimingham), to be published by Hurst and OUP in 2016. Related publications on al-Shabaab, authoritarianism, and securitization have been published in 2014 and 2015.
  • Along with Dr David Turton, I am continuing to work on further publications from the AHRC-funded project on the social history and economic development of the Lower Omo Valley of southern Ethiopia.

Current Research Assistant

  • Anna Bruzzone - researching on the history of northern Kenya and southern Somalia, in Nairobi and Oxford (Research Council of Norway funding)

Current doctoral students

  • Maxmillian Chuhila, 'Environmental history of Kilimanjaro lowlands, since 1800' (EU Marie Curie funding)
  • George Roberts, 'Cold War in Eastern Africa' (AHRC funding). Co-supervised with Professor Dan Branch.
  • Nicole Beardsworth, 'Political party mobilisation strategies in Africa' (ACU funding). Co-supervised with Professor Gabrielle Lynch.
  • Anna Bruzzone, 'History of the Kenya-Somalia borderlands' (Chancellors Scholarship, Warwick)
  • Jo Tierney, 'The textile trade with Africa' (Warwick Funding). Co-supervised with Professor Giorgio Riello.
  • Christian Velasco, 'Africa's economic history, c.1950-1980s' (Mexican Government Scholarship). Co-supervised with Professor Dan Branch.


Publications (Books)


 Politics and Violence in Eastern Africa: Struggles of Emerging States (with Oystein Rolandsen, eds) Routledge: April 2015.

Over the fifty years between 1940 and 1990, the countries of eastern Africa were embroiled in a range of debilitating and destructive conflicts, starting with the wars of independence, but then incorporating rebellion, secession and local insurrection as the Cold War replaced colonialism. The articles gathered here illustrate how significant, widespread, and dramatic this violence was. In these years, violence was used as a principal instrument in the creation and consolidation of the authority of the state; and it was also regularly and readily utilised by those who wished to challenge state authority through insurrection and secession. Why was it that eastern Africa should have experienced such extensive and intensive violence in the fifty years before 1990? Was this resort to violence a consequence of imperial rule, the legacy of oppressive colonial dominationunder a coercive and non-representative state system? Did essential contingencies such as the Cold War provoke and promote the use of violence? Or, was it a choice made by Africans themselves and their leaders, a product of their own agency? This book focuses on these turbulent decades, exploring the principal conflicts in six key countries – Kenya, Uganda, Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia and Tanzania.


Routledge Handbook of African PoliticsThe Routledge Handbook of African Politics (with Nic Cheeseman, eds) Routledge, London: November 2012.

Providing a comprehensive and cutting edge examination of this important continent, Routledge Handbook of African Politics surveys the key debates and controversies, dealing with each of the major issues to be found in Africa’s politics today. Structured into 6 broad areas, the handbook features over 30 contributions focused around The State, Identity, Conflict, Democracy and Electoral Politics, Political Economy & Development, and International Relations. Each chapter deals with a specific topic, providing an overview of the main arguments and theories and explaining the empirical evidence that they are based on, drawing on high-profile cases such as the Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Nigeria, Somalia, South Africa, Rwanda and Zimbabwe. The Handbook also contains new contributions on a wide range of topical issues, including terrorism, the growing influence of China, civil war, and transitional justice, making it required reading for non-specialists and experts alike.


khat_controversy.jpgThe Khat Controversy Stimulating the Debate on Drugs, (David Anderson, Susan Beckerleg, Degol Hailu and Axel Klein) Berg 2007

Khat. A harmless natural stimulant or a lethal epidemic sweeping through the international drugs trade? Khat is a natural substance that, in the Middle East, is as ubiquitous as coffee is in the West. It is hugely popular in some African and Arab populations. But critics contend that it is a seriously addictive stimulant that damages the cardiovascular system. In a groundbreaking study, the authors go behind the veil of the drug, questioning its availability and its effect on its Red Sea producers. Interwoven with case studies from Djibouti to Rome, The Khat Controversy goes deeper to explore contemporary issues relating to globalization, ethnicity and culture. With its popularity escalating in London, Rome, Toronto and Copenhagen, khat is fast becoming a problem in the West. The first study of this contested drug, The Khat Controversy provides a concise introduction to the issues surrounding khat usage and suggests how policymakers should address them.

'Outstanding and original. The authors identify trends in consumption, chart the development of the khat economy, and evaluate prohibition debates, paying attention throughout to both local and global contexts.' James Mills, Centre for the Social History of Health and Healthcare Glasgow, University of Strathclyde


histories_of_the_hanged.jpgHistories of the Hanged: Britain’s Dirty War in Kenya and the End of Empire, W.W. Norton, New York; Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London. Pp. xiv + 405. ISBN 0-39305-986-3 (US), 0-29784-719-8 (UK); pb ISBN 0-393-32754-X (US), 0-75381-902-3 (UK)

A remarkable account of Britain's last stand in Kenya . . . This is imperial history at its very best." John Hope Franklin

IN "A GRIPPING NARRATIVE . . . that is all but impossible to put down" (Joseph C. Miller), Histories of the Hanged exposes the long-hidden colonial crimes of the British in Kenya. This groundbreaking work tells how the brutal war between the colonial government and the insurrectionist Mau Mau between 1952 and 1960 dominated the final bloody decade of imperialism in East Africa. Using extraordinary new evidence, David Anderson puts the colonial government on trial with eyewitness testimony from over 800 court cases and previously unseen archives. His research exonerates the Kikuyu rebels—hardly the terrorists they were thought to be—and reveals the British to be brutal aggressors in a "dirty war" that involved leaders at the highest ranks of the British government. This astonishing piece of scholarship portrays a teetering colonial empire in its final phase—employing whatever military and propaganda methods it could to preserve an order that could no longer hold.


eroding-the-commons.jpgEroding the Commons: Politics of Ecology in Baringo, Kenya, 1890-1963, James Currey, Oxford; Ohio UP, Athens OH; EAEP, Nairobi. Pp. xvi + 336. ISBN 0-85255-469-9, 0-85255-468-0 paper.

Colonial Baringo was largely unnoticed until drought and localized famine in the mid-1920s led to claims that its crisis was brought on by overcrowding and livestock mismanagement. In response to the alarm over erosion, the state embarked on a program for rehabilitation, conservation, and development.

Eroding the Commons examines Baringo's efforts to contend with the problems of erosion and describes how they became a point of reference for similar programs in British Africa, especially as rural development began to encompass goals beyond economic growth and toward an accelerated transformation of African society. It provides an excellent focus for the investigation of the broader evolution of colonial ideologies and practices of development.

Supporting Ownership: Swedish Development Cooperation with Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda, 2 vols: Volume I Synthesis; Volume II Case Studies, (with Christopher Cramer, Alemayehu Geda, Degol Hailu, Frank Muhereza, Matteo Rizzo, Eric Ronge, Howard Stein & John Weeks) Sida Evaluations 02/33 & 02/33.1, Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency: Stockholm, 2002. Pp. iv + 87, xv + 229. ISBN 91-586-8737-8, 91-586-8736-x.


the-poor-are-not-us.jpgThe Poor Are Not Us: Poverty & Pastoralism in Eastern Africa, (with Vigdis Broch-Due, eds) James Currey, Oxford; Ohio UP, Athens OH; EAEP, Nairobi; Mkuki na Nyota, Dar es Salaam; Fountain Press, Kampala. Pp. xii + 280. ISBN 0-85255-266-1, 0-85255-265-3 paper.

Eastern African pastoralists often present themselves as being egalitarian, equating cattle ownership with wealth. By this definition “the poor are not us”, poverty is confined to non-pastoralist, socially excluded persons and groups. Exploring this notion means discovering something about self-perceptions and community consciousness, how pastoralist identity has been made in opposition to other modes of production, how pastoralists want others to see them and how they see themselves.

This collection rejects the premise of pastoral egalitarianism and poses questions about the gradual creep of poverty, changing patterns of wealth and accumulation, the impact of diminishing resources on pastoral communities and the impact of external values of land, labor, and livestock.


africas-urban-past.jpgAfrica's Urban Past, (with Richard Rathbone, eds) James Currey, Oxford; Heinemann, Portsmouth NH. Pp. x + 310. ISBN 0-85255-760-4, 0-85255-761-2 paper.

Africa is witnessing dramatic urban growth on a massive scale which, in the space of this century, has reversed the rural—urban settlement patterns of the continent. Yet urbanization has been an important feature of Africa's history for over two thousand years. Towns and cities have been important arenas around which societies have organized themselves: as centres of trade, economic activity and wealth accumulation; as foci of political action and authority; as military garrisons and symbols of physical domination; as sites of ritual power and contact with the sacred; and as places of refuge, shelter and collective security in troubled times.

This survey reveals a remarkable depth of urbanization in African history. Each chapter places the city at the centre of discussion. Themes developed are unexpectedly diverse, suggesting not only a distinctive history of urbanism but offering great potential for further research. This volume is thus presented as a starting point for the writing of deeper comparative histories of Africa's urban past.


Maasai: People of Cattle, The Little Wisdom Library. Labyrinth, London; Chronicle Books, New York. Pp. 62 ISBN 0-85538-421-3 cloth.

revealing-prophets.jpgRevealing Prophets: Prophecy and History in Eastern Africa, (with Douglas H. Johnson, eds) James Currey, London; Ohio UP, Athens OH; EAEP, Nairobi; Fountain Press, Kampala. Pp. x+310. ISBN 0-85255-718-3, 0-85255-717-5 paper.

The purpose of this book is to move towards a clearer understanding of the history of prophets within the region of East Africa, and to give an analytical account of the different forms prophecy has taken over the years from place to place.

The book takes a new look at the active dialogue between the prophets and the communities whom they addressed. It suggests that this dialogue continues today as politicians and activists throughout the region still look to prophetic traditions, garnering interpretations of the past in order to provide the validation of prophetic wisdom and heroes for the present.


Policing & Decolonisation: Nationalism, Politics & the Police, 1917-1965, (with David Killingray, eds) Manchester UP. Pp. xii + 230. ISBN 0-7190-3033-1 cloth


Policing the Empire: Government, Authority and Control, 1830-1940, (with David Killingray, eds) Manchester UP. Pp. xii + 260. ISBN 0-7190-3035-8 cloth.1988

The Ecology of Survival: Case Studies from Northeast African History, (with Douglas H. Johnson, eds.) Lester Crook, London: Westview Press, Boulder CO. Pp. xii + 339. ISBN 1-870915-00-3 cloth.


conservation-in-africa.jpgConservation in Africa: People, Policies and Practice, (with Richard Grove, eds.) Cambridge University Press. Pp. ix + 355. ISBN 0-521-34199-X cloth, 0-521-34990-7 paper (1989).

This book provides a new inter-disciplinary look at the practice and policies of conservation in Africa. Bringing together social scientists, anthropologists and historians with biologists for the first time, the book sheds some light on the previously neglected but critically important social aspects of conservation thinking. To date conservation has been very much the domain of the biologist, but the current ecological crisis in Africa and the failure of orthodox conservation policies demand a radical new appraisal of conventional practices. This new approach to conservation, the book argues, cannot deal simply with the survival of species and habitats, for the future of African wildlife is intimately tied to the future of African rural communities. Conservation must form an integral part of future policies for human development. The book emphasizes this urgent need for a complementary rather than a competitive approach. It covers a wide range of topics important to this new approach, from wildlife management to soil conservation and from the Cape in the nineteenth century to Ethiopia in the 1980s. It is essential reading for all those concerned about people and conservation in Africa.

Publications (Articles and Book Chapters)


  • “The beginning of time? Evidence for catastrophic drought in Baringo in the early nineteenth century.” Journal of Eastern African Studies 10, i (2016): in press.


  • (with Paul J. Lane) ‘The unburied victims of Kenya’s Mau Mau rebellion: where and when does violence end?’ In Corpses in Society: Human Remains in Post-Genocide and Mass Violence Contexts, eds Elisabeth Anstett & Jean-Marc Dreyfus. (Manchester: Manchester University Press, in press).
  • (with Jonathan Fisher) “Authoritarianism and the Securitization of Development in Uganda”. In Development and Democracy: Foreign Aid and Authoritarian Regimes in Africa, eds Tobias Hagmann & Filip Reyntjens. (London: Zed Books, in press).
  • (with Jacob McKnight) “Understanding al-Shabaab: clan, Islam, and insurgency in Kenya.” Journal of Eastern African Studies 9, iv (2015): in press.
  • ‘Guilty secrets: deceit, denial, and the discovery of Kenya’s “Migrated Archive.”’ History Workshop Journal 80 (Autumn 2015): 142-160.
  • (with Oystein H. Rolandsen) “Violence in the contemporary political history of eastern Africa.” International Journal of African Historical Studies 48, i (2015): 1-12.
  • (with Jonathan Fisher). ‘Authoritarianism and the securitization of development in Africa.’ International Affairs 91, i (2015): 131-152.
  • (with Jacob McKnight). ‘Kenya at war: al-Shabaab and its enemies in eastern Africa.’ African Affairs 114, 454 (2015): 1-27.


  • ‘Remembering Wagalla: state violence in northern Kenya, 1962-1991.’ Journal of Eastern African Studies 8, iv (2014): 658-76.
  • (with Oystein Rolandsen). ‘Violence as politics in eastern Africa, 1940-90: legacy, agency, contingency.’ Journal of Eastern African Studies 8, iv (2014): 539-57.
  • ‘Exit from empire: counter-insurgency and decolonization in Kenya, 1952-63.’ In At the End of Military Intervention: Historical, Theoretical and Applied Solutions to Transition, Handover and Withdrawal, eds. Timothy Clack and Robert Johnson, 107-36. (Changing Character of War Series, OUP: Oxford, 2014).
  • 'Why Mpeketoni Matters: Al-Shabaab and Violence in Kenya.' Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre, NOREF Report: Oslo, August 2014. <>


  • ‘La violence par procuration: les Britanniques dans la guerra Mau Mau du Kenya.’ In Histoire des colonisations européennes (XIXe-XXe siècles): sociétés, cultures, politiques, Amaury Lorin et Christelle Taraud (dir.), 172-193. (Paris, presses universitaires de France, coll. ‘Le Noeud gordien’, 2013).
  • (with Gabrielle Lynch), ‘Democratization and ethnic violence in Kenya: electoral cycles and shifting identities’, in Democratization and Ethnic Minorities: Conflict or Compromise?, eds J. Bertrand & O. Haklai, 56-73. (Routledge: London, 2013)
  • (with Nic Cheeseman), ‘An Introduction to African Politics’, in The Routledge Handbook on African Politics, edited by Nic Cheeseman, David M. Anderson & Andrea Scheibler, 1-9. (Routledge: London, 2013)


  • ‘British abuse and torture in Kenya’s counter-insurgency, 1952-60.’ Small Wars & Insurgencies 23, iv (2012): 700-719.
  • (with Hannah Elliott, Hassan Hussein Kochore & Emma Lochery), ‘Camel herders, middlewomen, and urban milk bars: the commodification of camel milk in Kenya.’ Journal of Eastern African Studies 6, iii (2012): 385-402.
  • ‘Clan identity and Islamic identity in Somalia.’ CEADS 2 (March 2012): 2-37.


  • ‘Mau Mau in the High Court and the ‘lost’ British empire archives: colonial conspiracy, or bureaucratic bungle?’ Journal of Imperial & Commonwealth History 39, v (2011): 699-716
  • (with Adrian Browne), ‘The politics of oil in eastern Africa.’ Journal of Eastern African Studies 5, ii (2011): 369-412
  • ‘Punishment, race and ‘the raw native’: settler society and Kenya’s flogging scandals, 1895-1930.’ Journal of Southern African Studies 37, iii (2011): 479-498
  • (with Neil Carrier), ‘Khat in the UK: social harms and legislation.’ Home Office Research Report (July 2011): 39pp.
  • ‘Policing and communal conflict: the Cyprus Emergency, 1954-60.’ In Globalising British Policing (‘The History of Policing Series’, London: Ashgate, 2011), ed Georgina Sinclair. [Reprinted from David M. Anderson & David Killingray (eds.) Policing & Decolonisation: Nationalism, Politics & the Police, 1917-65, (Manchester: Manchester UP, 1992)]


  • ‘Sexual threat and settler society: black perils in Kenya, c.1907-1930.’ Journal of Imperial & Commonwealth History 38 i (2010): 47-74.
  • ‘The new piracy: the local context.’ Survival 52 i (2010): 44-50.
  • ‘Majimboism: the troubled history of an idea.’ In Our Turn to Eat! Politics in Kenya since 1950, eds Daniel Branch, Nic Cheeseman & Leigh Gardner, 23-52 (Lit Verlag: Berlin, 2010).
  • ‘The Kenyan cattle trade and the economics of empire, 1914-1948.’ In Healing the Herds: Disease, Livestock Economies, and the Globalization of Veterinary Medicine, eds Karen Brown & Dan Gilfoyle, 250-68 (Ohio UP: Athens OH, 2010).

before 2010

  • ‘Somali piracy: historical context, political contingency.’ Working Paper 34, Centre for European Policy Studies (December 2009): 14pp.
  • (with Neil Carrier) ‘Khat in colonial Kenya: a history of prohibition and control.’ Journal of African History 50 iii (2009): 377-98.
  • (with Emma Lochery), ‘Violence and exodus in Kenya’s Rift Valley: predictable and preventable?’ Journal of Eastern African Studies 2, ii (2008): 328-43.
  • (with Huw Bennett and Daniel Branch), ‘A very British massacre.’ History Today (August, 2006): 20-22
  • (with Neil Carrier), ‘Flowers of Paradise, or Polluting the Nation? Contested narratives of khat consumption.’ In Consuming Cultures, Global Perspectives: Historical Trajectories, Transnational Exchanges, eds John Brewer & Frank Trentmann (Berg: Oxford, 2006): 145-66.
  • ‘Surrogates of the state: collaboration and atrocity in Kenya’s Mau Mau War.’ In The Barbarisation of Warfare, ed George Kassimeris, 159-74 (Hurst: London, 2006).
  • ‘Burying the bones of the past.’ History Today (February, 2005): 2-3
  • ‘“Yours in struggle for majimbo”: nationalism and the party politics of decolonisation in Kenya, 1955 to 1964.’ Journal of Contemporary History 39 (July 2005): 547-64
  • ‘Registration and rough justice: labour law in Kenya, 1895-1939.’ In Masters, Servants, and Magistrates in Britain and the Empire, 1562-1955, eds Paul Craven & Douglas Hay, 422-54 (University of North Carolina Press: Chapel Hill, 2004).
  • ‘Massacre at Ribo Post: expansion and expediency on the colonial frontier in East Africa.’ International Journal of African Historical Studies 35 (2004): 33-54.
  • ‘Le declin et la chute de la KANU: la recomposition des parties politiques dans la succession de Moi (Kenya).’ Politique africaine 90 (June 2003): 37-55.
  • (with Herve Maupeu) ‘Kenya, la succession de Moi.’ Politique africaine 90 (June 2003): 5-16.
  • ‘Kenya’s elections 2002 – the dawning of a new era?’ African Affairs 102 (2003): 331-42.
  • ‘Mau Mau at the movies: contemporary representations of an anti-colonial war.’ South African Historical Journal 48 (May 2003): 33-51.
  • ‘Vigilantes, violence and the politics of public order in Kenya.’ African Affairs 101 (2002): 531-55.
  • ‘Corruption at City Hall: African housing and urban development in colonial Nairobi.’ Azania 36/37 (2001): 138-54. [Reprinted in Andrew Burton (ed), The Urban Experience in Eastern Africa c.1750-2000 (BIEA: Nairobi, 2002): 138-54].
  • ‘The battle of Dandora swamp: reconstructing Mau Mau’s Land & Freedom Army.’ In Mau Mau and Nationhood: Arms, Authority and Memory, eds E.S. Atieno Odhiambo & John Lonsdale, 155-77 (James Currey: Oxford, 2002).
  • ‘Rehabilitation, resettlement and restocking: ideology and practice in pastoralist development.' In The Poor Are Not Us: Poverty and Pastoralism in Eastern Africa, eds David M. Anderson & Vigdis Broch-Due, 201-19 (James Currey: Oxford, 2002).
  • (with Vigdis Broch-Due). ‘Poverty and the pastoralist: deconstructing myths, reconstructing realities.’ In The Poor Are Not Us: Poverty and Pastoralism in Eastern Africa, eds David M. Anderson & Vigdis Broch-Due, 1-23 (James Currey: Oxford, 2002).
  • ‘Master & servant in colonial Kenya, 1895-1939.’ Journal of African History 41 iii (2000): 435-70.
  • (with Richard Rathbone). ‘Urban Africa: histories in the making.’ In Africa's Urban Past, eds David M. Anderson & Richard Rathbone, 1-17 (James Currey: Oxford, 1999).
  • ‘History of Africa’ and ‘Twentieth Century Africa.’ In The Oxfam Literacy Guide to Good Reading (Helicon Publishing: Oxford, 1996).
  • ‘Visions of the vanquished: prophecy and colonialism in Kenya’s Western Highlands.’ In Revealing Prophets: Prophecy and History in Eastern Africa, eds David M. Anderson & Douglas H. Johnson, 164-95 (James Currey: London, 1996).
  • ‘East Africa, 20th Century.’ In American Historical Association Guide to Historical Literature, ed Mary Beth Norton, 590-95 (OUP: New York, 1996).
  • (with Douglas H. Johnson). ‘Revealing Prophets.’ In David M. Anderson & Douglas H. Johnson (eds.), Revealing Prophets: Prophecy and History in Eastern Africa, 1-27 (James Currey: London, 1996).
  • (with Rosemary Seton). ‘Archives & manuscript collections relating to Africa held at SOAS.’ History in Africa 22 (1995): 45-60.
  • ‘Policing the settler state: Kenya, 1900-52.’ In Contesting Colonial Hegemony: State & Society in Africa & India, eds Dagmar Engels & Shula Marks, 248-66 (Academic Press: London, 1994).
  • (with Richard Grove). ‘Scramble for Eden: past, present & future in African conservation.' In The Sociology of the Environment, vol III, eds Michael Reclift & Graham Woodgate, 216-227 (E. Elgar: Cheltenham, 1994): [Reprinted from David M. Anderson & R. Grove (eds), Conservation in Africa: People, Policies & Practice (CUP: Cambridge, 1987)]
  • ‘Black mischief: crime, protest and resistance in Kenya's Western Highlands, 1890s-1963.’ The Historical Journal 36 (1993): 851-77.
  • ‘Transitions between cultivation and pastoralism: comment on East African examples.’ Current Anthropology 34, iv (1993): 372-73.
  • ‘Cow power: livestock and pastoralism in Africa.' African Affairs 92 (1993): 121-33.
  • ‘Crisis of capitalism and Kenya’s social history.’ African Affairs 92 (1993): 285-90.
  • ‘Policing and communal conflict: the Cyprus Emergency, 1954-60.' Journal of Imperial & Commonwealth History 21 (1993): 177-207.
  • ‘Depression, dust bowl, demography & drought: the colonial state and soil conservation in East Africa during the 1930s.' In Colonial Epoch in Africa: Colonialism & Nationalism, vol 2, ed Greg Maddox, 209-32 (Garland: New York, 1993). [Reprinted from African Affairs 83 (1984): 321-43].
  • ‘Policing and communal conflict: the Cyprus Emergency, 1954-60.' In Policing & Decolonisation: Nationalism, Politics & the Police, eds David M. Anderson & David Killingray, 187-217 (Manchester UP: Manchester, 1992).
  • (with David Killingray). ‘An orderly retreat? Policing the end of Empire.' In Policing & Decolonisation: Nationalism, Politics & the Police, eds David M. Anderson & David Killingray, 1-21 (Manchester UP: Manchester, 1992).
  • (with Douglas H. Johnson). ‘Diviners, seers & spirits in East Africa: toward an historical anthropology.' Africa 61 (1991): 293-8.
  • ‘Policing, prosecution & the law in colonial Kenya, 1905-39.' In Policing the Empire: Government, Authority & Control, 1830-1940, eds David M. Anderson & David Killingray 183-200 (Manchester UP; Manchester, 1991).
  • (with David Killingray). ‘Consent, coercion & control: policing the Empire, 1830-1940.' In David M. Anderson & David Killingray (eds.), Policing the Empire: Government, Authority & Control, 1830-1940, eds David M. Anderson & David Killingray, 1-15 (Manchester UP; Manchester, 1991).
  • ‘Agriculture & irrigation at Lake Baringo in the 19th century.' Azania, 24 (1989): 85-98.
  • (with David Throup). ‘Agrarian economy of Central Province, Kenya, 1918-39.' In The Economies of Africa & Asia in Inter-War Depression, ed Ian Brown, 8-28 (Routledge: London, 1989, reprinted 2014).
  • ‘Cultivating pastoralists: economy & ecology among Il Chamus of Baringo, 1840-1980.' In Ecology of Survival: Case Studies from Northeast African History, eds David M. Anderson & Douglas H. Johnson, 241-60 (Lester Crook & Westview: London and Boulder CO, 1989).
  • (with Douglas H. Johnson). ‘Ecology & society in Northeast African history.' In Ecology of Survival: Case Studies from Northeast African History, eds David M. Anderson & Douglas H. Johnson, 1-24 (Lester Crook & Westview Press: London and Boulder CO, 1989).
  • (with Andrew Millington). ‘Political ecology of soil conservation in Anglo-phone Africa.' In African Resources: Appraisal, Monitoring & Management, eds A.C. Millington, A. Binns & S. Mutiso, 48-59 (Reading Geographical Papers Series, 1989).
  • (with William M. Adams). ‘Irrigation before development: indigenous & induced change in agricultural water management in East Africa.' African Affairs 87 (1988): 519-35 [reprinted in RM Saleth (ed), Water Resources and Economic Development (Edward Elgar: Cheltenham, 2001)].
  • ‘Managing the forest: conservation history of Lembus, Kenya, 1900-63.' In Conservation in Africa: People, Policies & Practice, eds David M. Anderson & Richard Grove, 249-68 (Cambridge UP, 1987).
  • (with Richard Grove). ‘Scramble for Eden: past, present & future in African conservation.' In Conservation in Africa: People, Policies & Practice, eds David M. Anderson & Richard Grove, 1-12 (CUP: Cambridge, 1987).
  • ‘Stock theft & moral economy in colonial Kenya.' Africa 56 (1986): 399-416.
  • (with David Throup). ‘Africans & agricultural production in colonial Kenya: the myth of the war as a watershed.' Journal of African History 26 (1985): 327-45.
  • ‘Depression, dust bowl, demography & drought: the colonial state and soil conservation in East Africa during the 1930s.’ African Affairs 83 (1984): 321-43.
  • ‘The 19th century history of Il Chamus of Baringo.’ Mila, Bulletin of the Institute of African Studies (Nairobi), no.7 (1984): 107-25.