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Trans-Cultural Contacts

| Discussion topics | Documents | Audio |Reading |


Discussion topics

· Did increased contact with extra-European peoples reinforce or undermine the fundamental cultural assumptions of Europeans?
· Assess the political implications of European expansion in the early modern period.
· What was the impact of overseas expansion on European society at large?
· Compare and contrast the voyages of discovery made by Europeans with those made by the Chinese and the Ottomans.


Documents

**NOTE: Some eresources are accessible only on-campus or via off-campus proxies or the athens service**

Texts

[Interpret]

Images

[Interpret]

Christopher Columbus, letter to the King and Queen of Spain (undated, probably 1494)
Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq, extract from Turkish Letters
Michel de Montaigne (1533-1592): On Cannibals (1580)
St Francis Xavier, Letter from India to the Society of Jesus at Rome (1543)
Anonymous French author, Account of East India Trade (1617)
Documents on the Chinese Rites Controversy, excerpts (1692, 1715, 1721)
Ferdinand Magellan's Voyage Round the World (1519-1522)
Lady Mary Wortley Montagu (1689-1762) Dining With The Sultana, (1718)
Charter of the Dutch West India Company (1621)
Tulip Book from Holland

Theodor de Bry (1634), Indians of North America woodcuts
Crispin de Passe, Portrait of Sir Francis Drake.
Map of Southern Asia and the Spice Islands.
John Speed, The World at 1627.

Website

The British Library: Turning the Pages (Leonardo's Notebook, Mercator's Atlas, Vesalius' Fabrica, Luttrell Psalter, Sherbourne Missal)

 

Audio Links


Primary Literature

  • al-Mawsuli, Ilyas, 'The Book of Travels of the Priest Ilyas, son of the Cleric Hanna al-Mawsuli', in Nabil Matar (ed.), In the Lands of the Christians: Arabic Travel Writing in the Seventeenth Century (Routledge, 2003), pp. 45-111 [an account of a journey to Spain and the New World by an Iraqi priest]
  • P. Mancall (ed.), Travel Narratives from the Age of Discovery (2006)

Secondary literature

a) The Ottomans

  • A. Bevilacqua and H. Pfeifer, 'Turquerie: Culture in Motion, 1650-1750', Past and Present 221 (2013), 75-118
  • P. Brummett, Ottoman Seapower and Levantine Diplomacy in the Age of Discovery (Albany, 1994)
  • G. Casale, The Ottoman Age of Exploration (2010)
  • A. Cirakman, From the "Terror of the World" to the "Sick Man of Europe": European Images of Ottoman Empire and Society from the Sixteenth Century to the Nineteenth Century (2002)
  • A. H. de Groot, The Ottoman Empire and the Dutch Republic: A History of the Earliest Diplomatic Relations, 1610-1630 (Leiden, 2012)
  • S. Faroqhi, The Ottoman Empire: A Short History (Princeton, 2009)
  • " (ed.), Cambridge History of Turkey, vols 2-3: 1453-1839 (2006-)
  • " , The Ottoman Empire and the World Around it (2005)
  • " , Subjects of the Sultan: Culture and Daily Life in the Ottoman Empire (2000)
  • C. Finkel, Osman's Dream: The Story of the Ottoman Empire 1300-1923 (2006)
  • S. Fischer-Galati, Ottoman Imperialism and German Protestantism, 1521-55 (1959)
  • J.-P. Ghobrial, The Whispers of Cities: Information Flows in Istanbul, London and Paris in the Age of William Trumbull (Oxford, 2013)
  • D. Goffman, The Ottoman Empire and Early Modern Europe (2000)
  • A.C. Hess, ‘The Ottoman conquest of Egypt (1517) and the sixteenth-century world war’, International Journal of Middle East Studies 4 (1973)
  • “ , The Forgotten Frontier (1978)
  • C. Imber, The Ottoman Empire, 1300-1600. The Structure of Power (2002)
  • H. Inalcik, The Ottoman Empire: The Classical Age 1300-1600 (1973)
  • C. Isom-Verhaaren, Allies with the Infidel: The Ottoman and French Alliance in the Sixteenth Century (London, 2013)
  • M. Kunt & C. Woodhead, Süleyman the Magnificent and his Age (1995)
  • R. Murphey, ‘Süleyman I and the conquest of Hungary’, JEMH 5 (2001)
  • N. Rothman, Brokering Empire: Trans-Imperial Subjects between Venice and Istanbul (Ithaca, 2012)
  • A. Stiles, The Ottoman Empire 1450-1700 (1989)
  • A. Wheatcroft, The Enemy at the Gate: Habsburgs, Ottomans and the Battle for Europe (2009)
  • C. Woodhead, ‘Consolidating the Empire: New Views on Ottoman History 1453-1839’, EHR 123 (2008)

b) Overseas Expansion

  • Representations 33, Special Edition: The New World (1991)
  • U. Bitterli, Cultures in Conflict. Encounters Between European & Non-European Cultures 1492-1800 (1989)
  • Pedro Cardim, Tamar Herzog, José Javier Ruiz Ibáñez, Gaetano Sabatini (eds), Polycentric Monarchies: How Did Early Modern Spain & Portugal Achieve & Maintain a Global Hegemony? (2014)
  • G. Casale, The Ottoman Age of Exploration (2010)
  • A.W. Crosby, The Columbian Exchange: Biological and Cultural Consequences of 1492 (1972)
  • A. Disney (ed.), Historiography of Europeans in Africa and Asia, 1450-1800 (1995)
  • J.H. Elliott, The Old World and the New 1492-1650 (1970)
  • “ , Spain, Europe and the Atlantic World (1995)
  • Robert Finlay, 'How Not to (Re)Write World History: Gavin Menzies and the Chinese Discovery of America', Journal of World History, 15/2 (2004)
  • P.M. Garber, Famous first bubbles :the fundamentals of early manias (2000)
  • A. Grafton, New Worlds, Ancient Texts. The Power of Tradition and the Shock of Discovery (1992)
  • R. Houston, ‘The Economies of Europe and the Wider World’, in: Cameron (ed.), Early Modern Europe (1999)
  • K.O. Kupperman (ed.), America in European Consciousness 1493-1750 (1995)
  • U. Lamb (ed.), The Globe Encircled and the World Revealed (1995)
  • B. Lewis, Cultures in Conflict: Christians, Muslims and Jews in the Age of Discovery (1995)
  • A. McFarlane, The British in the Americas, 1480-1815 (1994)
  • J.F. Moran, The Japanese and the Jesuits: Alessandro Valignano in sixteenth-century Japan (1993)
  • A. Pagden, The Fall of Natural Man: The American Indian & the Origins of Comparative Ethnology (1982)
  • “ , ‘The Impact of the New World on the Old’, Renaissance and Modern Studies 30 (1986)
  • “ , ‘Text and experience in the writings of Bartolomé de las Casas’, Representations 33 (1991)
  • “ , ‘Fabricating identity in Spanish America’, History Today 42 (May 1992)
  • “ , European Encounters with the New World (1993)
  • “ , ‘Europe and the World Around’ in Cameron (ed.), Early Modern Europe
  • J.H. Parry, The Age of Reconaissance. Discovery, Exploration and Settlement 1450 to 1650 (1981)
  • P. Provost-Smith, Holy War, Just War: Early Modern Christianity, Religious Ethics and the Rhetoric of Empire (2012)
  • F. Relano, The Shaping of Africa: Cosmographic Discourse and Cartographic Science (2002)
  • M. Ryan, ‘Assimilating New Worlds in the 16th & 17th Centuries’, Comparat.Stud.in Soc.&Hist. 23 (1981)
  • G.V. Scammell, The First Imperial Age: European Overseas Expansion c.1400-1715 (1989)
  • S.B. Schwartz (ed.), Implicit Understandings: Observing, Reporting, and Reflecting on the Encounters Between Europeans and Other Peoples in the Early Modern Era (1994)
  • W.K. Storey (ed.), Scientific Aspects of European Expansion (1996)
  • T. Todorov, The Conquest of America: The Question of the Other (1984)
  • J.D. Tracy & M. Rangow (eds), Religion and the early modern state: views form China, Russia, and the West (2004)
  • Geoff Wade, 'The Zheng He Voyages: A Reassessment'
  • J.M. Williams & R.E. Lewis (eds), Early Images of the Americas: Transfer and Invention (1993)
  • M. Wintle, ‘Renaissance Maps and the construction of the idea of Europe’ in Journal of Historical Geography, 25:2 (1999)
  • A. Cirakman, From the "Terror of the World" to the "Sick Man of Europe": European Images of Ottoman Empire and Society from the Sixteenth Century to the Nineteenth Century (2002)
  • S. N. Faroqhi (ed.), Cambridge History of Turkey, vols 2-3: 1453-1839 (2006-)
  • S. Fischer-Galati, Ottoman Imperialism and German Protestantism, 1521-55 (1959)
  • “ , The Forgotten Frontier (1978)
  • C. Imber, The Ottoman Empire, 1300-1600. The Structure of Power (2002)
  • H. Inalcik, The Ottoman Empire: The Classical Age 1300-1600 (1973)
  • M. Kunt & C. Woodhead, Süleyman the Magnificent and his Age (1995)
  • R. Murphey, ‘Süleyman I and the conquest of Hungary’, JEMH 5 (2001)
  • A. Stiles, The Ottoman Empire 1450-1700 (1989)
C. Woodhead, ‘Consolidating the Empire: New Views on Ottoman History 1453-1839’, EHR 123 (2008)