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Secondary Works in English

This is a select start-up bibliography for scholars interested in late medieval and early modern parishes. It is divided into ‘parish-focused studies’ (secondary literature dealing directly with parishes) and ‘parish-related studies’ (written on other main themes, but containing substantial information on parishes). It can never be complete and additions are always welcome. Please note that works in other languages, printed primary materials and digital resources may also be relevant for specific regions/communities.

Parish Chest

Parish Chest Bishop's Cleeve

The medieval parish chest of Bishop’s Cleeve, Glos (Photo: BK)


Parish-Focused Studies

Alexander, Jenny; Monckton, Linda, ‘”Excellent, new and uniforme yn work”: the church of St Mary in Nottingham’, Transactions of the Thoroton Society of Nottinghamshire 118 (2014), 1-22

Arasaratnam, S., ‘Reverend Philippus Baldaeus: His Pastoral Work in Ceylon, 1656-65′, Ceylon Journal of Historical and Social Studies 3 (1960), 27-37

Avon Dassett Local History Group (ed.), A Chronicle of Avon Dassett (2013)

Barbour, Ruth, 'Catholic Warwick', Archdiocese of Birmingham Historical Commission 20 (Warwick, 2009)

Barnwell, P. S., ‘The Laity, the Clergy and the Divine Presence: The Use of Space in Smaller Churches of the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries’, Journal of the British Archaeological Association 157 (2004), 41–60

Barnwell, P. S., ‘Churches Built for Priests? The Evolution of Parish Churches in Northamptonshire from the Gregorian Reform to the Fourth Lateran Council’, Ecclesiology Today 32 (2004), 7–23

Barnwell, P. S., ‘The Use of the Church: Blisworth, Northamptonshire, on the Eve of the Reformation’, Ecclesiology Today, 35 (2005), 43-62

Barnwell, P. S., ‘Low side windows: ventilating a 170-year old controversy’, Ecclesiology Today 36 (2006), 49-76

Barnwell, P. S.; Cross, C.; Rycraft, A. (eds), Mass and Parish in Late Medieval England: The Use of York (Reading, 2005)

Barnwell, P. S.; Pacey, A. (eds), Who Built Beverley Minster? (Reading, 2008)

Barron, C., ‘The parish fraternities of medieval London’, in: idem; C. Harper-Bill (eds), The Church in Pre-Reformation Society (1985), 13-37

Bauwens, Michal, ‘Parish Studies and the Debates on Religious Life in the Low Countries (Late Middle Ages and Early Modern Period)’, in: History Compass 13 (2/2015), 64-77 [abstract; DOI 10.1111/hic3.12215]

Beaver, D., Parish Communities and Religious Conflict in the Vale of Gloucester 1590-1690 (1998)

Beaver, D., ‘Parish Communities, Civil War, and Religious Conflict in England’, in: R. Po-chia Hsia (ed.), A Companion to the Reformation World (Oxford, 2003), ch. 19

Bettey, J., Church and Parish: An Introduction for Local Historians (1987)

Beyer, Jürgen, ‘Donations by strangers to Lutheran churches during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries’, in: Journal of Social History 47 (2013-14), 196–221 (e-access)

Bijsterveld, A.-J., ‘Reform in the parishes of fifteenth- and sixteenth-century North Brabant’, in: B. Kümin (ed.), Reformations Old and New (1996), 21-38

Black, C., ‘Confraternities and the parish in the context of Italian Catholic reform’, in: J. P. Donnelly and M. W. Maher (eds), Confraternities and Catholic Reform in Italy, France and Spain (Kirksville, 1999)

Blair, J. (ed.), Minsters and Parish Churches: The Local Church in Transition 950-1200 (1988)

Boulton, J., ‘Welfare systems and the parish nurse in early modern London, 1650-1725′, Family & Community History 10 (2/2007), 127-51

Bowman, William D., Priest and Parish in Vienna, 1780-1880 (Leiden, 1999)

Brittain-Catlin, T., The English Parsonage in the Early Nineteenth Century (Reading, 2008)

Broadhead, P. J., ‘Public worship, liturgy and the introduction of the Lutheran Reformation in the territorial lands of Nuremberg’, in: English Historical Review 120 (2005), 283-8

Brooke, F. J., ‘Parish and Cofradía in Eighteenth-Century Mexico’ (PhD Princeton University, 1976)

Burgess, C., ‘“For the increase of divine service”: chantries in the parish in late medieval Bristol’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History 36 (1985), 46-65

Burgess, C., ‘Reformation churchwardens’ accounts and parish government: lessons from London and Bristol’, English Historical Review 471 (2002), 306-32

Burgess, C.; Duffy, E. (eds), The Parish in Late Medieval England', Harlaxton Medieval Studies Vol. XIV (Donington: Shaun Tyas, 2006)

Burgess, C.; B. Kümin, ‘Penitential bequests and parish regimes in late medieval England’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History 44 (4/1993), pp. 610-30

Byng, Gabriel, 'The construction of the tower at Bolney church', Sussex Archaeological Collections 151 (2013), 101-13

" , ‘The Contract for the North Aisle at the Church of St James, Biddenham’, The Antiquaries Journal 95 (2015), 251-265

Capp, B., ‘Life, love and litigation: Sileby in the 1630s’, Past & Present 182 (2004), 55-83

Carlson, Eric, ‘The origins, function and status of the office of churchwarden with particular reference to the diocese of Ely’, in: M. Spufford (ed.), The World of Rural Dissenters 1520-1725 (Cambridge, 1995), 164-207

Ciappara, Frans, ‘The Financial Condition of Parish Priests in Late Eighteenth-Century Malta’, The Journal of Ecclesiastical History 53 (2002)

” ,, ‘“Una Messa in Perpetuum”: Perpetual Mass Bequests in Traditional Malta, 1750-1797’, Catholic Historical Review 91 (2/2005), 278-99

” , ‘Parish Priest and Community in Eighteenth-Century Malta: Patterns of Conflict’, Journal of Early Modern History (2006)

” , ‘”Who’s the Master Here?” The Parish Community in Early Modern Malta’, The Catholic Historical Review 94 (4/2008), 671-94

” , ‘Trent and the Clergy in Late Eighteenth-Century Malta’, Church History 78 (2009), 1-25

” , ‘Religion, kinship and godparenthood as elements of social cohesion in Qrendi, a late eighteenth-century Maltese parish’, Continuity and Change 25 (2010), 161-84

” , ‘Parish Priest and Confraternity: Conflict at the Parish Church of St Catherine’s in Zejtun Malta, 1769-1801′, in: Confraternitas 23 (1/2012), 3-14

” , Mikiel Anton Vassalli (1764-1829): An Enlightened Maltese Reformer (Malta, 2014), esp. ch. 1: ‘Vassalli’s parish’ [a survey of Maltese popular religion in the late eighteenth-century parish of St Philip's, Zebbug]

” , The Social and Religious History of a Maltese Parish: St Mary’s Qrendi in the Eighteenth Century (Malta: Malta University Press, 2014)

Cocke, T. H., ‘Northamptonshire Towers and Spires’, in J. Bold and E. Cheney (eds), English Architecture Public and Private (London, 1993), pp 1–11

Collins, J., ‘The church settlement of Oliver Cromwell’, History 87 (2002), 18-40

Comerford, Kathleen M., Reforming Priests and Parishes: Tuscan Dioceses in the First Century of Seminary Education (Leiden, 2006)

Cook, G., The English Medieval Parish Church (1954)

Cooper, T.; Brown, S. (eds), Pews, Benches & Chairs: Church Seating in English Parish Churches from the Fourteenth Century to the Present (2011)

Corpis, D., ‘Losing One’s Place: Memory, History, and Space in Post-Reformation Germany’, in: Lynne Tatlock (ed.), Enduring Loss in Early Modern Germany (Leiden, 2010), 327-367 [on the relationship between the Lutheran St Ulrich church and the adjacent abbey in early modern Augsburg]

Cowan, I. B., ‘The development of the parochial system in medieval Scotland’, in: Scottish Historical Review 40 (1961), 43-55

Cowan, I. B., The Parishes of Medieval Scotland (Edinburgh, 1967)

Cowan, I. B., ‘Vicarages and the cure of souls in medieval Scotland’, in: Records of the Scottish Church History Society 16 (1967), 111-27

Cowley, P., The Church Houses (1970)

Cox, J. C., Churchwardens’ Accounts from the 14th to the Close of the 17th Century (1913)

Craig, J., ‘Co-operation and initiatives: Elizabethan churchwardens and the parish accounts of Mildenhall’, Social History 18 (1993), 357-80

Craig, J., ‘Forming a Protestant Consciousness? Erasmus’ Paraphrases in English Parishes, 1547-1666’, in H. Pabel and M. Vessey (eds), Holy Scripture Speaks: Studies in the Production and Reception of Erasmus’ Paraphrases on the New Testament. (Toronto: UP, 2002), 313-358

Craig, J., ‘Psalms, Groans and Dogwhippers: the soundscape of sacred space in early modern England’ in W. J. Coster and A. Spicer (eds), Sacred Space (Cambridge: UP, 2005)

Craig, J., ‘Parish religion’, in: S. Doran and N. Jones (eds), The Elizabethan World (London, 2010), chap. 13

Davidson Cragoe, Carol, ‘The custom of the English Church: parish church maintenance in England before 1300’, Journal of Medieval History 36 (2010), 20-38

Dixon, S., The Reformation and Rural Society: The Parishes of Brandenburg-Ansbach-Kulmbach 1528-1603 (1996)

Drew, C., Early Parochial Organisation: The Origins of the Office of Churchwarden (1954)

Duffy, E., The Voices of Morebath: Reformation and Rebellion in an English Village (2001)

Farnhill, K., Guilds and the Parish Community in Late Medieval East Anglia (2001)

Ferrari, M.; Kümin, B. (eds), Pfarreien in der Vormoderne: Identität und Kultur im Niederkirchenwesen Europas, Wolfenbütteler Forschungen 146 (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2017) [features contributions in four languages, including essays by Robert Swanson on the late medieval English parish and by Magnus Williamson on parish music; publisher information]

Fletcher, D., ‘The parish boundary: a social phenomenon in Hanoverian England’, in: Rural History 14 (2003), 177-97

Foster, A., ‘Churchwardens’ accounts of early modern England and Wales. Some problems to note, but much to be gained’, in: French et al. (eds), Parish in English Life, 74-93

Frankforter, A., ‘Episcopal administration of parishes in late medieval England’, Catholic History Review 63 (1977), 204-24

Freeze, G. L., ‘The disintegration of traditional communities: The parish in eighteenth-century Russia’, Journal of Modern History 48 (1976), 32-50

French, K. L., The People of the Parish: Community Life in a Late Medieval English Diocese (2001)

” , The Good Women of the Parish: Gender and Religion after the Black Death, Middle Ages Series (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007)

” , ‘Rebuilding St. Margaret’s: Parish Involvement and Community Action in Late Medieval Westminster’, in: Journal of Social History 45 (2011), 148-71

” ; Gibbs, G.; Kümin, B. (eds), The Parish in English Life 1400-1600 (Manchester, 1997)

Friedman, Terry, The Georgian Parish Church: Monuments to Posterity (Reading, 2004)

Fröjmark, Anders, ‘The Church on the Local Level: Parish and Community in Medieval Linköping Bishopric’ (2015) [extended English version of his ‘Medeltidsmänniskan och kyrkan’, Kalmar Iän: Årsbok för kulturhistoria och hembygdsvård 81 (1996-97), 19-29; includes a bibliography and a transcription of a letter of indulgence granted to a Swedish parish church in 1467]

Gelting, Michael H., ‘Between Prince and Peasant – the Ambiguous Role of the Parish Community in Fourteenth-Century Maurienne’, in: T. Iversen et al. (eds), Bauern zwischen Herrschaft und Genossenschaft (Trondheim, 2007), 109-31

Gibson, Robert W., ‘The English Parish Church: Its Relationship to the Heritage Visitor Attraction Market’ (PhD Nottingham, 2004) [ Abstract, Tables & Contents]

Giles, Kate, ‘Marking Time? A fifteenth-century liturgical calendar in the wall paintings of Pickering parish church, North Yorkshire’, in: Church Archaeology 4 (2001)

Goh, Robbie B. H., ‘Churches’, in Stephen Harrison, Steve Pile and Nigel Thrift (eds.), Patterned Ground: Entanglements of Nature and Culture (Trowbridge: Reaktion, 2004), pp. 160-161

Goodall, John, Parish Church Treasures: The Nation’s Greatest Art Collection (London: Bloomsbury, 2015) [Publisher Information]

Gordon, Bruce, ‘The new parish’, in: R. Po-chia Hsia (ed.), A Companion to the Reformation World (Oxford, 2003), ch. 24

Graves, C. P., ‘Social space in the English medieval parish church’, in: Economy and Society 18 (1989), 297-322

Graves, C. P., Form and Fabric of Belief: The Archaeology of Lay Experience in Medieval Norfolkand Devon (Oxford: BAR British Series 311, 2000)

Grosjean, A.; Murdoch, S., Belhelvie – A Millenium of History (2001)

Gunderson, Joan R., The Anglican ministry in Virginia, 1736-1766: a study of a social class(New York & London, 1989)

Gutton, J.-P., ‘Confraternities, curés and communities in rural areas of the diocese of Lyons under the Ancien Régime’, in: K. von Greyerz (ed.), Religion and Society in Early Modern Europe (London, 1984), 202-11

Hacke, Daniela, ‘Church, space and conflict: Religious co-existence and political communication in seventeenth-century Switzerland’, in: German History 25 (3/2007), 285-312

Hamberg, P. G., Temples for Protestants: Studies in the Architectural Milieu of the Early Reformed Church and of the Lutheran Church (Gothenburg, 2002)

Harper, Sally; Barnwell, P. S.; Williamson, Magnus (eds), Late Medieval Liturgies Enacted: The Experience of Worship in Cathedral and Parish Church (London: Routledge, 2016) [publisher information]

Harris, Maureen, ‘The “Captain of Oliver’s Army” and the Wixford Catholics: Clerical/laay conflict in South Warwickshire, 1640-1674′, in: Warwickshire History XVI (4/2015-16), 170-86

Hartdagan, Gerald E., ‘The Anglican vestry in colonial Maryland: a study in corporate responsibility’, Historical Magazine of the Protestant Episcopal Church 40 (1971)

Harvey, David C., ‘Territoriality, parochial development, and the place of “community” in later medieval Cornwall’, in: Journal of Historical Geography 29 (2003), 151-65

Heath, P., The English Parish Clergy on the Eve of the Reformation(1969)

Hewlett, C., Rural Communities in Renaissance Tuscany. Religious Identities and Local Loyalties (Turnhout, 2009), esp. part II: ‘Rural parish communities and Florentine patrons’

Hindle, S., On the Parish? The Micro-Politics of Poor Relief in Rural England c. 1550-1750 (2004)

Hindle, S., ‘Beating the bounds of the parish: power, memory and identity in the English local community, c. 1500-1700′, in: Halvorson and Spierling (eds), Defining Community, 205-27

Hitchman, V., Omnia bene or ruinosa? The Condition of the Parish Churches in and around London and Westminster c. 1603-1677 (VDM Verlag Dr. Müller, 2009)

Hitchman, V. & Foster, A. (eds), Views from the Parish: Churchwardens’ Accounts c.1500-c.1800 (Cambridge: Scholars Publishing, 2015) [publisher information] [Extracts: Contents, Introduction]

Horsler, Val (ed.), Shakespeare’s Church: A Parish for the World, with a foreword by Dame Judy Dench and an introduction by Professor Jonathan Bate (London, 2010)

Hutton, Graham; Smith, Edwin, English Parish Churches (Boston, 1953)

Hutton, R., ‘The local impact of the Tudor Reformations’, in: C. Haigh (ed.), The English Reformation Revised (1987)

Janson, C., ‘Public places, private lives: The impact of the Dutch Revolt on the Reformed churches in Holland’, in: A. K. Wheelock and A. Seeff (eds), The Public and Private in Dutch Culture of the Golden Age (Newark, 2000), 191-205

Jones, P., ‘Parish, seigneurie and the community of inhabitants in southern central France during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries’, in: Past and Present 91 (1981), 74-108

Kain, R. J.P.; Oliver, R. R. (eds), Historic Parishes of England and Wales: An Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata (Colchester : History Data Service, UK Data Archive, 2001; with CD-Rom) [review by Michael Turner]

Kaufmann, Lucy M., ‘Ecclesiastical improvements, lay impropriations and the building of a post-Reformation Church in England, 1560-1600’, The Historical Journal 58 (1/2015), 1-23

Kent, J., ‘The centre and the localities: state formation and parish government in England, c. 1640-1740’, Historical Journal 38 (1995), 363-404

Kingdon, R. M., ‘Protestant parishes in the Old World and the New: The cases of Geneva and Boston’, Church History 48 (1979)

Kitching, C., ‘Church and chapelry in sixteenth-century England’, in: D. Baker (ed.), The Church in Town and Countryside (1979), 279-90

Kroesen, Justin E. A.; Steensma, Regnerus, The interior of the medieval village church. Het middeleeuwse dorpskerkinterieur (2004)

Kümin, B., The Shaping of a Community: The Rise & Reformation of the English Parish c. 1400-1560 (1996)

” , ‘The English parish in a European perspective’, in: French et al (eds), Parish in English Life, 15-32

” , ‘Voluntary religion and Reformation change in eight urban parishes’, in: P. Collinson and J. Craig (eds), The Reformation in English Towns (London, 1998), pp. 175-189, 280-284, 311-312

” , ‘Masses, morris and metrical psalms. Music in the English parish c. 1400-1600’, in: Fiona Kisby (ed.), Music and Musicians in Renaissance Cities and Towns (2001), pp. 70-81

” , ‘Late medieval churchwardens’ accounts and parish government: Looking beyond London and Bristol’, English Historical Review 119 (2004), 87-99

” , ‘Oral and written communication in the late medieval English parish’, in: Jan Marco Sawilla and Rudolf Schlögl (eds), Medien der Macht und des Entscheidens: Schrift und Druck im politischen Raum der europäischen Vormoderne, The Formation of Europe 5 (Hannover: Wehrhahn, 2014), 67-81 [publisher information]

" , ‘Parish religion in late medieval and Reformation England: The evidence from churchwardens’ accounts’, in: Andrea Tilatti and Roberto Alloro (eds), Redde rationem: Contabilità parrocchiali tra medioevo e prima età moderna, Quaderni di Storia Religiosa XXI (Caselle di Sommacampagna: Cierre edizioni, 2016), 231-248 [Series homepage / publisher information] [abstract]

Kůrka, Pavel B., ‘(Self-)Administration of Prague Parishes in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries’, in: Zdeněk V. David and David R. Holeton (eds), The Bohemian Reformation and Religious Practice 5/2 (Prague, 2005), 353–8

Lloyd, David; Clark, Margaret; Potter, Chris, St Laurence’s Church, Ludlow: The Parish Church and People 1199-2009 (Almeley: Logaston Press, 2010)

MacCulloch, D.; Bletchly, J., ‘Pastoral provision in the parishes of Tudor Ipswich’, Sixteenth Century Journal 22 (1991), 457-74

Marsh, C., ‘“Common Prayer” in England 1560-1640: The view from the Pew’, Past and Present 171 (2001), 66-94

Marsh, C., ‘Sacred space in England 1560-1640: The view from the Pew’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History 53 (2002), 286-311

Marsh, C., ‘Parish church music: the rise of “the singing psalms”‘ and ‘Parish church music: Bells and their ringers’, in his Music and Society in Early Modern England(Cambridge, 2010), chs 8-9

Martin, J.; Ryrie, A. (eds), Worship and the Parish Church in Early Modern Britain (Farnham, 2013)

Mason, E., ‘The role of the English parishioner 1100-1500’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History 27 (1976)

McAndrew, J., The Open-Air Churches of Sixteenth-Century Mexico (Cambridge MA, 1965)

McCallum, John, Reforming the Scottish Parish: The Reformation in Fife 1560-1640 (Farnham, 2010) [review]

McKay, D., ‘Parish life in Scotland 1500-1560’, in: D. McRoberts (ed.), Essays on the Scottish Reformation 1513-1625 (1962)

Mentzer, Raymond, Sin and the Calvinists: Morals Control and the Consistory in the Reformed Tradition (1994)

Nelson, John K, A blessed company: Parishes, parsons & parishioners in Anglican Virginia, 1690-1776 (Chapel Hill, 2001)

Nelson, E., ‘The parish in its landscape: Pilgrimage processions in the Archdeaconry of Blois 1500-1700′, French History 24 (2010), 318-40

Nelson Burnett, Amy, Teaching the Reformation: Ministers and their Message in Basel 1529-1629 (Oxford, 2006)

Nicholls, Angela, ‘”A convenient habitation fit for Christians to dwell in”: Parish housing for the poor in seventeenth-century rural Warwickshire’, in: Warwickshire History XVI (4/2015-16), 156-69

" , Almshouses in Early Modern England: Charitable Housing in the Mixed Economy of Welfare 1550-1725, People, Markets, Goods: Economies and Societies in History (Woodbridge; Boydell Press, 2017)

O’Day, R., The English Clergy: Emergence & Consolidation of a Profession 1558-1642 (1979)

Oman, C., ‘Security in English churches 1000-1548’, Archaeological Journal 136 (1979), 90-8

Orme, Nicholas, ‘Church and clergy of St Buryan c. 1200-c.1574′, in: Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall (2006), 32-44

Ormord, W., ‘An experiment in taxation: the English parish subsidy of 1371’, Speculum 63 (1988), 58-82

Oss, A. C. van, Catholic Colonialism: A Parish History of Guatemala 1524-1821 (Cambridge, 2002)

Palliser, D., ‘The parish in perspective’, in: Wright (ed.), Parish, Church and People, 5-28

Palmer, R., Selling the Church: The English Parish in Law, Commerce, and Religion 1350-1550 (2002)

Pettegree, A. (ed.), The Reformation of the Parishes (Manchester, 1993)

Phillips, Susan E., “‘Janglynge in cherche’: Pastoral practice and idle talk’, in her Transforming Talk: The Problem with Gossip in Late Medieval England (University Park, 2007), ch. 1

Pitman, Jan, ‘Tradition and parochial officeholding in early modern England: A case study from North Norfolk 1580-1640′, Rural History 15 (2004), 27-45

Platt, C., The Parish Churches of Medieval England (1991)

Postles, David A., ‘Church space and contingency’, in his Social Geographies in England (1200-1640) (Washington, 2007), 175-97

Postles, David A., ‘Micro-spaces: Church porches’, in his Social Geographies in England (1200-1640) (Washington, 2007), 199-222

Pounds, N., A History of the English Parish: The Culture of Religion from St. Augustine to Queen Victoria (1999)

Ptaszyński, Maciej, ‘Widow’s Capital. Pastor’s Widows in the Pomeranian Church at the Turn of the 16th Century’, in: Acta Poloniae Historica 94 (2006), 85-142

Radford, C. A. Ralegh, 'Pre-conquest minster churches', in: The Archaeological Journal 130 (1973), 120-40

Range, Matthias, ‘Communal assertiveness and the importance of pastoral care: Flooding and parochial reorganization on the German North Sea coast in the seventeenth century’, in: German History 30 (2012), 22-44

Rasche, Ulrich, 'The early phase of appropriation of parish churches in Medieval England', in: Journal of Medieval History 26 (2000), 213-237

Raymond, Stuart A., Tracing Your Ancestors’ Parish Records: A Guide for Family and Local Historians (Pen & Sword Books, 2015)

Reeks, John, '“The churchwardens have not used to meddle with anie seate”: seating plans and parochial resistance to Laudianism in 1630s Somerset', in: The Seventeenth Century (2017), 1-21 [online version]

Rentz, Ellen K., ‘Imagining the parish: Parochial space and spiritual community in late medieval England’ (Ph.D., Columbia University, 2009), now published as Imagining the Parish in Late Medieval England (Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 2015)

Richmond, H., ‘Outlines of Church Development in Northamptonshire’, in L A S Butler and R K Morris (eds), The Anglo-Saxon Church: Papers on History, Architecture and Archaeology in Honour of Dr H M Taylor, CBA Research Report 60 (London, 1986), pp 176–87

Roffey, S., ‘Reconstructing the English Medieval Parish Church Chantries and Chapels: an Archaeological Approach’, in: Church Archaeology 5/6 (2004), 62-68

Roffey, S., ‘A Social Archaeology of Medieval Parish Church Chapels and Chantries: A Perspective from Southern and Western England’ (PhD Thesis, University of Southampton, 2005)

Roffey, S., ‘Recording the parish church fabric: Objective and subjective approaches to structural analysis’ [e-paper, 2005]

Roffey, S., ‘Constructing a vision of salvation: Chantries and the social dimensions of religious experience in the medieval parish church’, in: The Archaeological Journal 163 (2006), 122-46

Roffey, S., The Medieval Chantry Chapel: An Archaeology (Woodbridge, 2007)

Roffey, S., Chantry Chapels and Medieval Strategies for the Afterlife (Stroud, 2008)

Rosewell, Roger, Medieval Wall Paintings in English and Welsh Churches (Woodbridge, 2008)

Rosser, G., ‘Parochial conformity and voluntary religion in late medieval England’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 6th ser. 1 (1991), 173-89

Rumsey, A., Parish: An Anglican Theology of Place (SCM Press, 2017)

Sanderson, Margaret H. B., Scottish Curates and Parochial Chaplains 1429-1560, Scottish Record Society New Series (Glasgow, 2016)

Schofield, P., Peasant and Community in Medieval England 1200-1500 (2003)

Scott, H., Fasti Ecclesiae Scoticanae: The Succession of Ministers in the Parish Churches of Scotland, from the Reformation, A.D. 1560, to the present time (Edinburgh, 1866-71)

Sharpe, Geoffrey R., Historic English Churches: A Guide to their Construction, Design and Features (2011)

Sharpe, Pamela, Population and Society in a East Devon Parish: Reproducing Colyton 1540-1840 (2002)

Siler, William H., ‘The Anglican parish vestry in colonial Virginia’, Journal of Southern History 22 (1956), p. 333.

Smet, Marjan de; Kuys, Jan; Trio, Paul, Processions and Church Fabrics in the Low Countries during the Middle Ages: An Inquiry into Secular Influence on Ecclesiastical and Religious Matters on a Local Urban Level, Prepreints of the Faculty of Arts of the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (Leuven, 2006)

Smith, Alan, ‘Parish church musicians in England in the reign of Elizabeth I (1558-1603): An annotated register’, Research Chronicle of the Royal Musical Association 4 (1964), 42-91

Smith, J. T., The Parish (1854)

Snape, Michael, The Church of England in Industrialising Society. The Lancashire Parish of Whalley in the Eighteenth Century (2003)

Snell, K. D. M., Parish and Belonging: Community, Identity and Welfare in England and Wales 1700-1950 (Cambridge, 2006) [review in German]

Spaeth, D., The Church in an Age of Danger: Parsons and Parishioners 1660-1740 (2000)

Spicer, A., ‘Iconoclasm and adaptation: The Reformation of the churches in Scotland and the Netherlands’, in: Gaimster and Gilchrist (eds), Archaeology of Reformation, 29-43

Spicer, A., Calvinist Churches in Early Modern Europe (Manchester, 2007)

” (ed.), Lutheran Churches in Early Modern Europe (Farnham, 2012)

” (ed.), Parish Churches in the Early Modern World (Farnham, 2016)

Steensma, R.; Kroesen, J. E. A., The Interior of the Medieval Village Church (2nd edn, 2012) [publisher info]

Strong, Sir Roy, A Little History of the English Country Church (2007)

Swanson, R., ‘Standards of livings: parochial revenues in pre-Reformation England’, in: C. Harper-Bill (ed.), Religious Beliefs and Ecclesiastical Careers in Late Medieval England (1991), 151-96

Tackett, T., Priest and Parish in Eighteenth-Century France: Cures in the Diocese of the Dauphine 1750-91 (Princeton, 1977)

Tate, W., The Parish Chest (1969)

Thomas, Samuel S., Creating Communities in Restoration England. Parish and Congregation in Oliver Heywood’s Halifax (Leiden, 2013)

Thomson, Andrew, 'The Clergy of Winchester, England, 1615-1698: A Diocesan Ministry in Crisis', Seventeenth-Century Studies 2 (Lampeter: Mellen Press, 2011)

Tolley, B., Pastors and Parishioners in Württemberg during the Late Reformation 1581-1621(1995)

Utterback, Kristine T., ‘Worship at the church of your choice? Church attendance in mid-fourteenth-century Barcelona’, Journal of Medieval History 17 (1991), 245-53

Vann Sprecher, T., ‘Community regulation and its effects: the aggressive actions of parishioners against priests and women in Paris, 1483-1505‘, Journal of Medieval History 42 (4/2016), 494-510

Walter, J., ‘Popular iconoclasm and the politics of the parish in Eastern England 1640-42′, Historical Journal 47 (2004), 261-90

Ware, S., The Elizabethan Parish (1908)

Watson, Alan D., ‘The Anglican parish in royal North Carolina, 1729-1775’, Historical Magazine of the Protestant Episcopal Church 48 (1979), pp. 303-319

Webb, S. and B., English Local Government: The Parish and the County (1906)

White, Don, ‘Elaborated Woodwork in Devon Churches’, Regional Furniture, XXIV (2010), 121-178

Whiting, Robert, The Reformation of the English Parish Church (2010) [contents] [excerpt from ‘Ritual Requirements’]

Whyte, Nicola, ‘Landscape, memory and custom: parish identities c. 1550-1700’, in: Social History 32 (2007), 166-86

Wickham, Chris, ‘Rural Settlement, Village Identity, and the Parish in the Lucca Plain’, in: idem, Community and Clientele in Twelfth-Century Tuscany (Oxford, 1998), ch. 2

Williamson, Magnus, ‘Liturgical polyphony in the pre-reformation English parish church: A provisional list and commentary’, in: Royal Musical Association Research Chronicle 38 (2005), 1-43

Willis, J. D., ‘”A Pottle of Ayle on Whyt Sonday”: Everyday Objects and the Musical Culture of the Post-Reformation Parish Church’, in: Tara Hamling and Catherine Richardson (eds), Everyday Objects: Medieval and Early Modern Material Culture (Farnham, 2010), 211-220

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