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Dr Jacob Dalgaard

Jacob Dalgaard

CONTACT   


Biomedical Cell Biology
Room M119
Warwick Medical School
University of Warwick
Coventry
CV4 7AL
Tel: +44 (0) 2476151170
Fax: +44 (0) 2476528375
Email: J.Z.Dalgaard@warwick.ac.uk

 


RESEARCH PROFILE


While DNA replication is very processive, the rate of progression along the template is not uniform. The replication fork can encounter barriers during the polymerization process leading either to stalling, pausing or termination. Such barriers can be constituted by damaged bases, bound proteins, structures in the template or difficult template such as repetitive sequences. We are interested in the cellular processes that occur at such barriers. One of our main interests is trying to understand how at replication barriers bound proteins actively signals the pausing or termination of replication forks. In fission yeast, we have shown that replication barriers are involved in a controlling the process of cellular differentiation. Here we have identified a true replication termination site called RTS1 and a replication pause site called MPS1. Interestingly, at the MPS1 site pausing leads to the introduction of a new type of genetic mark that is constituted by ribonucletides incorporated into the DNA. These ribonucleotides act themselves as a barrier for the replication fork inducing a programmed recombination event that lead to a change in cell type. While ribonucleotide marks has yet been shown to be involved in cellular differentiation in other systems, it is highly likely that replication barriers have a more general role in gene regulation and chromosome biology. Understanding the mechanism of replication stalling is also important for human health. Stalling of replication forks lead to genetic instability and is thought to be a major underlying cause of cancer. Also, many cancer drugs act by stalling replication forks, leading to checkpoint activation and apoptosis. Thus, our research is aimed towards identifying future cancer drug targets, and diagnostic markers. DNA Replication Laboratory


CURRENT RESEARCH PROJECTS


  • Genome wide identification of priming sites for Okazaki fragments - Recosting following reduction in duration, with Dr Paul E Brown - Systems Biology Centre, Funded by: BBSRC, Project Start Date: 01/04/2013 Project End Date: 31/03/2016

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SELECTED PUBLICATIONS


  • Zech J, Dalgaard JZ (2014) 'Replisome components--post-translational modifications and their effects.' Seminars In Cell And Developmental Biology 30 144 - 153
  • Sarkar, S., Dalgaard, J.Z., Millar, J.B.A. and Arumugam, .P (2014) 'The Rim15-Endosulfine-PP2ACdc55 signalling module regulates entry into gametogenesis and quiescence via distinct mechanisms in budding yeast.' PLoS Genetics 10 (6, Article no. e1004456), [article]
  • Dalgaard JZ. (2014) 'Editorial. DNA replication.' Seminars In Cell And Developmental Biology 30 96 - 96
  • Sarkar, S., Shenoy, R. T., Dalgaard, J. Z., Newnham, L., Hoffmann, E., Millar, J. B. A. and Arumugam, P.. (2013) 'Monopolin subunit Csm1 associates with MIND complex to establish monopolar attachment of sister kinetochores at meiosis I.' PLoS Genetics 9 (7), e1003610 [article]
  • Dalgaard JZ. (2012) 'Causes and consequences of ribonucleotide incorporation into nuclear DNA. ' Trends In Genetics 28 (12), 592 - 597

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Conferences


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My Profile last updated: 12/11/2014