ES173 Biomedical Engineering
Co-Lecturer: Prof. D.A. Hutchins
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This module is one of a suite of first year options designed to complement the engineering and business studies of Engineering Students with a broader view of the world in which they will work. The course will assume an ‘A-level’ knowledge of mathematics and Physics, but only a rudimentary knowledge of how the body works.
The principal aims of this module are to:
- provide engineers and physical scientists with a fundamental introductory understanding of the structure and function of the human body;
- provide an awareness and basic understanding of established and emerging biomedical technology for the measurement and modification of the structure and function of the human body;
- enable the participants to investigate and communicate ideas from pioneering areas in biomedical engineering research.
The objective is to prepare the Engineer to contribute technically within a biomedical environment.
By the end of the module the student should be able to...
- Appreciate the manner in which technology is changing biomedical science
- Understand basic functions of the human body
- Understand the properties and functions of different biomedical materials (including implants) that make up the human body
- Communicate in a professional and scientific manner.
- Describe the technologies available for medical measurement and imaging of the human body, and the principles upon which each technology operates
Introduction to Biomedical Engineering and an overview of the human body.
Body chemistry and cell structure. What we are made of and what keeps us together.
How DNA carries the genetic code, DNA sequencing, and evolution.
The major organs and how they perform. Advanced surgical techniques.
The heart, circulatory system, and respiration, including consideration of dimensions, flow rates & forces.
Use of biomedical engineering technology in applications such as heart beat monitoring, pacemakers, and assessment of lung function.
Bones and muscles. The skeleton, and the operation of the muscular system. Statics, force loading, measurement of motion, forces and levers.
Structure of the brain, and the central and peripheral nervous system. Deep brain stimulation.
Classes of biomaterials in medicine and their manufacture: metallic, ceramic, polymeric, composite, and natural materials used for implants.
The selection, design and function of biomedical materials for implants, including heart valve replacement and joint replacement technology.
Structure of solids: atomic bonding, crystal structures and imperfections. Long chain molecular compounds, supercooled and network solids, composite material structures.
Biological materials: proteins (collagen and elastin), polysaccharides. Structure-property-composition relationships of tissues: mineralised tissue, collagen rich and elastic tissues.
Soft and hard tissue replacement, cell-material interaction, tissue response to implants including wound healing and foreign body response.
Materials analysis techniques including optical, electron, infra-red, and X-ray microscopy, spectroscopy and tomography.
Characterisation of biomaterials: methods and standards, mechanical properties, surface properties and adhesion. Physico-chemical properties. Thermal and viscoelastic properties. Density and porosity. Acoustic and ultrasonic properties.
Biomimicry in biomedical engineering, including neural networks and biomimetic materials.
Clinical imaging technology, including MRI, PET, CT, and ultrasound.
Medical diagnostics: the role of technology in providing early diagnostics and remote monitoring.
|Saladin, K.S., (2009). Anatomy and physiology : the unity of form and function. 5th ed. McGraw-Hill|
This module includes 20 hours of lectures, 4 hours of seminars, 2 hours of examples classes, 2 hours of presentation, and 2 hours of laboratories.
Guided independent learning: 120 hours.
- Presentation on biomedical engineering (2 hours)
- Laboratory (2 hours)
This module is 50% examined by a 2-hour paper:
Exam rubric information:
- 9 Compulsory Questions
and 50% from assessment including:
- Essay 20%
- Biomedical Materials Report 20%
- Oral Presentation 10%