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Crop Centre in Print

Please find the latest journal publications from the Crop Centre listed below.

Read our articles in the Vegetable Farmer

For a full list of publications from the School of Life Sciences please visit the Latest Journal Publications

Ultraweak photon emissions from the seed coat in response to temperature and humidity – a potential mechanism for environmental signal transduction in the soil seed bank

photochem_sep16_small.jpgUltraweak photon emissions from the seed coat in response to temperature and humidity – a potential mechanism for environmental signal transduction in the soil seed bank

Footitt S, Palleschi S, Fazio E, Palomba R, Finch-Savage WE, Silvestroni L

Seeds beneath the soil sense the changing environment to time germination and seedling emergence with the optimum time of year for survival. Environmental signals first impact with the seed at the seed coat. We hypothesize that beneath the soil surface the attenuation of light (virtual darkness: low background noise) enables seeds to exploit UPE for transducing key environmental variables in the soil (temperature, humidity and oxygen) to inform them of seasonal and local temperature patterns. Overall, seed coats were found to have potential as effective transducers of key fluctuating environmental variables in the soil.

Photochemistry & Photobiology, September/October 2016

Fri 14 October 2016, 08:42

Early identification of potato storage disease using an array of metal-oxide based gas sensors

Postharvest B&T jun16Massimo F Rutolo, Daciana Iliescu, John P Clarkson, James A Covington

Soft rot is a widespread potato tuber disease that causes substantial losses each year to the UK potato industry. This work explored the possibility for the early detection and monitoring of this disease by means of gas sensing in a laboratory setting. The results showed discrimination between uninfected and diseased tubers following analysis of 40 potato tuber samples for each of the two time points with a commercial array of 12 MOX sensors (AlphaMOS Fox3000).

Postharvest Biology & Technology. June 2016

Mon 04 July 2016, 09:10

Agricultural change in Copper Age Croatia (ca. 4500–2500 cal B.C)?

Kelly Reed PublicationKelly Reed

The Copper Age in the Carpathian Basin is marked by a distinct change in settlement patterns, material culture, social traditions and subsistence practices; however, few studies address the nature of crop cultivation in the region. This paper examines new archaeobotanical data from 13 Copper Age (ca. 4500–2500 cal BC) sites located in continental Croatia, in order to assess the extent to which crop agriculture may have changed and contributed to overall subsistence economies in the Copper Age.

Archeological and Anthropological Sciences. April 2016

Tue 10 May 2016, 10:09

Agricultural Innovation: Lessons from Medicine


Menary, Jonathan

Today, it is widely acknowledged that agriculture is at a crossroads. The need for greater productivity to cope with a growing population and changing consumer demands - coupled with the necessity that this be done sustainably by reducing pollution and greenhouse gas emissions - presents a number of challenges.
Inspired by the successes of the Green Revolution in the 20th century, which saw global cereal production double over the course of 30 years or so, greater levels of research-driven innovation have been promoted as offering a solution to these twin crises; yet this method is not without its own problems.
A number of publications in recent years have pointed to there being a failure to 'translate' the basic science conducted by agricultural and horticultural scientists into effective technologies 'on the ground'.

This paper considers what lessons the agricultural knowledge & innovation system (AKIS) can learn from medical research translation by reviewing recent literature on translational science and implementation. It is hoped that such a synthesis will contribute to agri-innovation policy formation in the UK.

InImpact, Vol. 8 No. 1, 2051-6002

Fri 11 December 2015, 13:48

Volatiles from biofumigant plants have a direct effect on carpogenic germination of sclerotia and mycelial growth of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum

Plant and Soil

Sclerotia of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum survive in soil and germinate to produce apothecia which release airborne ascospores. Current control methods rely predominantly on the use of fungicides to kill ascospores. The aim of this research was to identify potential biofumigation treatments which suppress sclerotial germination, providing a potential alternative and long-term approach to disease management.

Wed 02 December 2015, 08:32

Crop Wild Relatives and Climate Change

crop_wild_relatives_and_climate_change.jpgWalley, P. G., and Moore, J. D. (2015). Biotechnology and genomics helping to understand and uncover the hidden potential of Crop Wild Relatives.
In: Crop Wild Relatives and Climate Change (Yadav, S., Redden, B., Fowler, C., Maxted, N., Smith, P., Guarino, L., Snook, L., Dullo, E., eds). ISBN: 978-1-118-85433-4; Wiley-Blackwell.

Two major challenges to continued global food security are the ever increasing demand for food products, and the unprecedented abiotic stresses that crops face due to climate change.
Wild relatives of domesticated crops serve as a reservoir of genetic material, with the potential to be used to develop new, improved varieties of crops.
Crop Wild Relative and Climate Change integrates crop evolution, breeding technologies and biotechnologies, improved practices and sustainable approaches while exploring the role wild relatives could play in increasing agricultural output.


Fri 25 September 2015, 12:40

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