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Crop Centre in Print

Please find the latest journal publications from the Crop Centre listed below.

Read our articles in the Vegetable Farmer

For a full list of publications from the School of Life Sciences please visit the Latest Journal Publications

Interface of the environment and occurrence of Botrytis cinerea in pre-symptomatic tomato crops

Crop Protection December 2016

Alison Wakeham, Allen Langton, Steve Adams, Roy Kennedy

Procedures are reported that enable conidial spore concentrations of the ubiquitous and necrotrophic fungus, Botrytis cinerea, to be monitored in glasshouse tomato production ahead of visible symptom development.
Integrating bio-aerosol sampling using a portable air sampler and immunological procedures enabled inoculum availability to be quantified within hours to assist the prediction of disease occurrence.
No obvious relationship was observed between spore concentration and the internal glasshouse temperature and relative humidity. However, the occurrence of higher outside wind speeds did increase the prevalence of trapped spores in the cropping environment of a vented glasshouse, probably via effects on internal air turbulence.

Crop Protection, December 2016

Thu 24 November 2016, 14:59

A pangenome of an agronomically important crop plant Brassica oleracea


This paper, published in Nature Communications on 11 November 2016, highlights our involvement in the multinational Brassica community and illustrates how we are at the forefront of the application of novel molecular methods for improving crop breeding. Brassica oleracea remains one of the most important group of horticultural vegetables worldwide with significant economic value. It is also associated with major health benefits.

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Fri 11 November 2016, 16:03

Changes in activity and structure of the soil microbial community after application of azoxystrobin or pirimicarb and an organic amendment to an agricultural soil

App Soil Ecology oct16Alba Alvarez-Martin, Sally L Hilton, Gary D Bending, M. Sonia Rodrguez-Cruz, M. Jesus Sanchez-Martin

Pesticides and organic amendments are widely used in agricultural soils, the former for pest control and to improve crop yield, and the latter to maintain soil quality and to mitigate pesticide leaching. Both amendments and pesticides can affect soil microbial communities, which may impact crop fitness. Therefore, the objective of the current study was to investigate the changes that occur to soil microbial communities following use of the low-cost organic residue spent mushroom substrate (SMS) as an amendment to an agricultural soil in combination with the widely used pesticides azoxystrobin or pirimicarb.

Applied Soil Ecology. October 2016

Fri 11 November 2016, 16:01

Ultraweak photon emissions from the seed coat in response to temperature and humidity – a potential mechanism for environmental signal transduction in the soil seed bank

photochem_sep16_small.jpgFootitt S, Palleschi S, Fazio E, Palomba R, Finch-Savage WE, Silvestroni L

Seeds beneath the soil sense the changing environment to time germination and seedling emergence with the optimum time of year for survival. Environmental signals first impact with the seed at the seed coat. We hypothesize that beneath the soil surface the attenuation of light (virtual darkness: low background noise) enables seeds to exploit UPE for transducing key environmental variables in the soil (temperature, humidity and oxygen) to inform them of seasonal and local temperature patterns. Overall, seed coats were found to have potential as effective transducers of key fluctuating environmental variables in the soil.

Photochemistry & Photobiology, September/October 2016

Fri 14 October 2016, 08:42

Early identification of potato storage disease using an array of metal-oxide based gas sensors

Postharvest B&T jun16Massimo F Rutolo, Daciana Iliescu, John P Clarkson, James A Covington

Soft rot is a widespread potato tuber disease that causes substantial losses each year to the UK potato industry. This work explored the possibility for the early detection and monitoring of this disease by means of gas sensing in a laboratory setting. The results showed discrimination between uninfected and diseased tubers following analysis of 40 potato tuber samples for each of the two time points with a commercial array of 12 MOX sensors (AlphaMOS Fox3000).

Postharvest Biology & Technology. June 2016

Mon 04 July 2016, 09:10

Agricultural change in Copper Age Croatia (ca. 4500–2500 cal B.C)?

Kelly Reed PublicationKelly Reed

The Copper Age in the Carpathian Basin is marked by a distinct change in settlement patterns, material culture, social traditions and subsistence practices; however, few studies address the nature of crop cultivation in the region. This paper examines new archaeobotanical data from 13 Copper Age (ca. 4500–2500 cal BC) sites located in continental Croatia, in order to assess the extent to which crop agriculture may have changed and contributed to overall subsistence economies in the Copper Age.

Archeological and Anthropological Sciences. April 2016

Tue 10 May 2016, 10:09

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