Please find the latest journal publications from the Crop Centre listed below.
Read our articles in the Vegetable Farmer
For a full list of publications from the School of Life Sciences please visit the Latest Journal Publications
Ultraweak photon emissions from the seed coat in response to temperature and humidity a potential mechanism for environmental signal transduction in the soil seed bank
Ultraweak photon emissions from the seed coat in response to temperature and humidity – a potential mechanism for environmental signal transduction in the soil seed bank
Footitt S, Palleschi S, Fazio E, Palomba R, Finch-Savage WE, Silvestroni L
Seeds beneath the soil sense the changing environment to time germination and seedling emergence with the optimum time of year for survival. Environmental signals first impact with the seed at the seed coat. We hypothesize that beneath the soil surface the attenuation of light (virtual darkness: low background noise) enables seeds to exploit UPE for transducing key environmental variables in the soil (temperature, humidity and oxygen) to inform them of seasonal and local temperature patterns. Overall, seed coats were found to have potential as effective transducers of key fluctuating environmental variables in the soil.
Early identification of potato storage disease using an array of metal-oxide based gas sensors
Massimo F Rutolo, Daciana Iliescu, John P Clarkson, James A Covington
Soft rot is a widespread potato tuber disease that causes substantial losses each year to the UK potato industry. This work explored the possibility for the early detection and monitoring of this disease by means of gas sensing in a laboratory setting. The results showed discrimination between uninfected and diseased tubers following analysis of 40 potato tuber samples for each of the two time points with a commercial array of 12 MOX sensors (AlphaMOS Fox3000).
Agricultural change in Copper Age Croatia (ca. 45002500 cal B.C)?
The Copper Age in the Carpathian Basin is marked by a distinct change in settlement patterns, material culture, social traditions and subsistence practices; however, few studies address the nature of crop cultivation in the region. This paper examines new archaeobotanical data from 13 Copper Age (ca. 4500–2500 cal BC) sites located in continental Croatia, in order to assess the extent to which crop agriculture may have changed and contributed to overall subsistence economies in the Copper Age.
Agricultural Innovation: Lessons from Medicine
Today, it is widely acknowledged that agriculture is at a crossroads. The need for greater productivity to cope with a growing population and changing consumer demands - coupled with the necessity that this be done sustainably by reducing pollution and greenhouse gas emissions - presents a number of challenges.
Volatiles from biofumigant plants have a direct effect on carpogenic germination of sclerotia and mycelial growth of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum
Sclerotia of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum survive in soil and germinate to produce apothecia which release airborne ascospores. Current control methods rely predominantly on the use of fungicides to kill ascospores. The aim of this research was to identify potential biofumigation treatments which suppress sclerotial germination, providing a potential alternative and long-term approach to disease management.
Crop Wild Relatives and Climate Change
Walley, P. G., and Moore, J. D. (2015). Biotechnology and genomics helping to understand and uncover the hidden potential of Crop Wild Relatives.
Two major challenges to continued global food security are the ever increasing demand for food products, and the unprecedented abiotic stresses that crops face due to climate change.