Skip to main content

The Revd Canon Professor Leslie Francis

The Revd Canon Professor Leslie J Francis PhD DLitt ScD DD FBPsS PGCE

Professor of Religions and Education

Director, Warwick Religions and Education Research Unit

Centre for Education Studies
University of Warwick
Coventry CV4 7AL
Telephone: 00 44 (0) 24 765 22539

E-mail:leslie.francis@warwick.ac.uk 

Background

Leslie J Francis is Professor of Religions and Education within the Warwick Religions and Education Research Unit, and Canon Theologian of Bangor Cathedral, Wales. Since October 2012, he has been Director of WRERU, following the retirement of Professor Robert Jackson from full-time work at Warwick. He obtained his PhD from the University of Cambridge in 1976. His published works have been recognised by three higher doctorates: ScD from Cambridge in 1997, DD from Oxford in 2001 and DLitt from University of Wales, Bangor in 2007.

His research in religious education has been shaped by creative links with practical and empirical theology and with the individual differences approach to psychology.

Research

Leslie J Francis’ current research initiatives include:

  • investigating the spiritual influence of Christian ethos secondary education.
  • Cathedral Studies(Word Document), with projects on cathedral congregations, cathedral visitors, and cathedral education programmes.
  • assessing the antecedents, consequences and correlates of individual differences in attitudes towards religion during childhood, adolescence and adulthood, within Christian, Hindu, Islamic and Jewish traditions.

  • assessing the role of personality in religious development and expression, drawing on personality theories proposed by Eysenck, Cattell, and Jung, as well as the Big Five Factor model.
  • assessing work-related psychological health and professional burnout among religious educators.
  • assessing learning styles in religious and theological education.
  • assessing the distinctiveness of church schools and faith-based schools within both the state-maintained and independent sectors of education.
  • monitoring changes within the Christian churches across a variety of denominations.

Journals

Leslie J Francis currently serves as:

  • co-editor of Archive for the Psychology of Religion
  • associate editor of Journal of Beliefs and Values
  • senior editor of Rural Theology.

He also serves on the editorial boards of the following journals:

  • British Journal of Religious Education
  • Implicit Religion
  • International Journal for the Psychology of Religion
  • Journal of Christian Education
  • Journal of Empirical Theology
  • Journal of Research on Christian Education
  • Mental Health, Religion and Culture
  • Pastoral Psychology
  • Psychology of Religion and Spirituality
  • Welsh Journal of Psychology 

Book series

Leslie J Francis currently serves as co-editor for three series of books:

  • Exploring Faith by Darton, Longman and Todd
  • Explorations in Practical, Pastoral and Empirical Theology by Ashgate
  • Religion, Education and Culture by University of Wales Press.

Academic Societies

Leslie J Francis currently serves as:

  • Vice President of the International Seminar on Religious Education and Values
  • President of the Rural Theology Association
  • Chair of the Alistair Hardy Trust.

He is also a member of:

  • American Psychological Association
  • Association for the Sociology of Religion
  • British Educational Research Association
  • British Psychological Society (Fellow from 1988)
  • British Sociological Association (Sociology of Religion Study Group)
  • Christian Education Movement
  • College of Preceptors (Fellow from 1994)
  • Education and Ethos Network (Board member since 1997)
  • International Academy of Practical Theology
  • International Association for the Psychology of Religion
  • International Seminar on Religious Education and Values National Advisory Panel for Religious Education (Chair since 2005)
  • Network for Psychological Type and Christian Faith (Co-convenor since 2002)
  • Network for the Study of Implicit Religion (Trustee since 2002)
  • Religious Research Association
  • Social Research Association
  • Society for the Scientific Study of Religion.

International conferences

Francis, L. J. (2008, April 8-10). Too many young people and too many variables? Insights from and limitations with a quantitative approach. Invited keynote address presented at the conference of the British Sociological Association Sociology of Religion Study Group, Birmingham, England.

Francis, L. J. (2008, April 10-12). Clergy work-related psychological health: listening to ministers of word and sacrament within the United Reformed Church in England. Paper presented at the conference of the International Society of Empirical Research in Theology, Wuerzburg, Germany.

Francis, L. J. (2008, April 22-24). Alternative spiritualities: different personalities? An enquiry among 14- to 16-year-old students. Paper presented at the conference of the Inter-University Research Colloquium on Religion and Education, University of Oxford, England.

Francis, L. J. (2008, May 9-11). Attitude toward Christianity and New Age beliefs among undergraduate students: a study in implicit religion? Paper presented at the Annual Denton Conference of Implicit Religion, Denton Hall, England.

Francis, L. J. (2008, July 27 – August 1). Christianity, paranormal belief and personality: a study among 13- to 16-year-old pupils in England and Wales. Paper presented at the conference of the International Seminar on Religious Education and Values, Ankara, Turkey.

Francis, L. J. (2008, August 14-17). Interpreting the relationship between curates and training incumbents: the predictive power of type theory. Paper presented at the 116th Convention of the American Psychological Association, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America.

Francis, L. J. (2008, October 9-11). The social significance of Islamic and Christian identity in England and Wales: a study among post 16 adolescents. Paper presented at Conference on Human Rights and Religion, Radboud University, Nijmegen, Netherlands.

Francis, L. J. (2008, October 17-19). Leaving the Roman Catholic Church: an empirical enquiry among former members. Paper presented at the Conference of the Society for the Scientific Study of Religion, Louiseville, Kentucky, United States of America.

Francis, L. J. (2008, November 19-20). Type of clergy: Synthesis of research profiling. Paper presented at the Conference of the Network for Psychological Type and Christian Faith, Swanwick, England.

Francis, L. J. (2008, November 21-25). Psychological type and the pulpit: An empirical enquiry concerning preachers and the SIFT method of biblical hermeneutics. Paper presented at the Conference of the Society of Biblical Literature, Boston, Mass., USA.

Francis, L. J. (2009, May 8-10). Jungian psychological type theory as implicit religion. Paper presented at the Annual Denton Conference of Implicit Religion, Denton Hall, England.

Francis, L. J. (2009, July 27-31). Psychological type, congregational identity, and individual satisfaction. Paper presented at the Conference of the International Society for the Sociology of Religion, Santiago de Compostello, Spain.

Francis, L. J. (2009, August 6-9). The SIFT method of biblical hermeneutics: An empirical enquiry. Paper presented at the 117th Convention of the American Psychological Association, Toronto, Canada.

Francis, L. J. (2009, October 23-24). Assessing work-related psychological health among clergy serving in The Presbyterian Church (USA): The internal consistency reliability and construct validity of the Francis Burnout Inventory. Paper presented at the Conference of the Society for the Scientific Study of Religion, Denver, Colorado, United States of America.

Francis, L. J. (2009, November 21-24). Psychological type and biblical hermeneutics: Examining the SIFT approach among Anglican preachers. Paper presented at the Conference of the Society of Biblical Literature, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Francis, L. J. (2010, March 11-12). Teachers at faith schools in England and Wales: State of research. Paper presented at the Teachers and their values symposium, Nuremberg, Germany.

Francis, L. J. (2010, April 15-17). The motivational style of cathedral congregations: an empirical enquiry employing the New Indices of Religious Orientation. Paper presented at the conference of the International Society for Empirical Research in Theology, Rome, Italy.

Francis, L. J. (2010, May 7-9). Implicit Religion, explicit religion and purpose in life: an empirical enquiry among 13- to 15- year old adolescents. Paper presented at the Annual Denton Conference of Implicit Religion, Denton Hall, England.

Francis, L. J. (2010, June 2-3). Informal aspects of social capital and religion in contemporary Europe. Paper presented at the Relemerge Conference, Cambridge, England.

Francis, L. J. (2010, July 25 - 30). Personality and the happiness of others. Paper presented at the conference of the International Seminar on Religious Education and Values, Ottawa, Canada.

Francis, L. J. (2010, August 12-15). Five loaves and two fishes: an empirical study in psychological type and biblical hermeneutics among Anglican preachers. Paper presented at the 118th Convention of the American Psychological Association, San Diego, California, United States of America.

Francis, L. J. (2010, October 29-31). Not filling in and getting out: Psychological type and congregational satisfaction among Anglican churchgoers in England. Paper presented at the Conference of the Religious Research Association, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Francis, L. J. (2010, October 29-31). The psychological type of Australian Churchgoers. Paper presented at the Conference of the Society for the Scientific Study of Religion, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Francis, L. J. (2010, November 3 – 5). Understanding stress from time-related over-extension in multi-parish benefices: The role of personal, environmental, psychological and theological factors among rural Anglican clergy. Paper presented at the Faith and Future of the Countryside Conference, Swanwick, UK.

Francis, L. J. (2010, November 8 – 9). Psychological type and reading the Scriptures: A hermeneutical approach. Keynote speaker at The Symposium of the Network for Psychological Type and Christian Faith, St Deiniol’s Library, Hawarden, UK.

Francis, L. J. (2010, December 8 – 10). Personality, religion, and human rights: An empirical enquiry among Muslim and Christian youth in England and Wales. Paper presented at the Second Conference on Religion and Human Rights, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Francis, L. J. (2011, April 1-3). Psychology and meditation: Applied perspectives . Conference of the Church Fellowship for Psychical and Spiritual Experiences, Bournemouth, UK.

Francis, L. J. (2011, May 6 – 8). Implicit religion, explicit religion and purpose in life: An empirical enquiry among 13- to 15-year-old adolescents. Paper presented at the Annual Denton Conference of Implicit Religion, Denton Hall, England.

Books

Leslie J Francis has authored, co-authored, edited or co-edited over fifty books. Recent titles include:

Books authored

Francis, L.J. (2005), Faith and Psychology: personality, religion and the individual, London, Darton, Longman and Todd, pp xiv + 154 ISBN 0-232-52544-7.

Francis, L.J., Robbins, M. and Astley, J. (2005), Fragmented Faith: exposing the fault-lines in the Church of England, Carlisle, Paternoster Press, pp x + 182 ISBN 1-84227-382-5.

Francis, L.J. and Robbins, M. (2005), Urban Hope and Spiritual Health: the adolescent voice, Peterborough, Epworth, pp viii + 280 ISBN 0-7162-0609-9.

Haley, J.M. and Francis, L.J. (2006), British Methodism: what circuit ministers really think, Peterborough, Epworth, pp x + 326 ISBN 0-7162-0614-5.

Francis, L. J., & Richter, P. (2007). Gone for good? Church-leaving and returning in the 21st century. Peterborough: Epworth. pp viii + 360. ISBN 0-7162 0633-0.

Francis, L. J., & Village, A. (2008). Preaching with all our souls: A study in Hermeneutics and psychological type. London: Continuum. ISBN 978 0 8264 93262.

Francis, L. J. (2009). The Gospel in the Willows. London: Darton Longman and Todd. ISBN 978-0-232-52772-8

Village, A., & Francis, L. J. (2009). The mind of the Anglican clergy: Assessing attitudes and beliefs in the Church of England. Lampeter: Mellen. ISBN 978 0 7734 4803 2.

Books edited

Astley, J., Francis, L.J., Sullivan, J. and Walker, A. (eds) (2004), The Idea of a Christian University: essays on theology and higher education, Carlisle, Paternoster, pp xii + 316. ISBN 1-84227-260-0.

Day, D., Astley, J. and Francis, L.J. (eds) (2005), Making Connections: a reader on preaching, Aldershot, Ashgate, pp x + 291 ISBN 0-7546-5009-X and ISBN 0-7546-5003-0.

Francis, L.J., Robbins, M. and Astley, J. (eds) (2005), Religion, Education and Adolescence: international empirical perspectives, Cardiff, University of Wales, Press, pp xii + 258 ISBN 0-7083-1957-2.

Astley, J., Francis, L.J. and Robbins, M. (eds) (2007), Peace or Violence: the ends of religion and education, Cardiff, University of Wales Press, ix + 222 ISBN 0-7083-2078-5.

DeSouza, M., Francis, L. J., O’Higgins-Norman, J., & Scott, D. G. (Eds.). (2009). International handbook of education for spirituality, care and wellbeing. Dordrecht: Springer. pp. xxvii + 1238. ISBN 978-1-4020-9017-2.

Francis, L. J., Robbins, M., & Astley, J. (Eds.). (2009). Empirical theology in texts and tables: Qualitative, quantitative and comparative perspectives. Leiden: Brill. pp. 400. ISSN 1389 1189 and ISBN 978 9004 16888 6.

Chapters

Leslie J Francis has authored or co-authored over seventy chapters in edited collections. Recent titles include:

Francis, L. J. (2004). Expectations of the Christian campus: Ordinary theology, empirical theology and student voices. In J. Astley, L. J. Francis, J. Sullivan and A. Walker (Eds), The Idea of a Christian university :Essays on theology and higher education (pp. 147-165). Carlisle: Paternoster. ISBN 1-84227-260-0.

Francis, L. J. (2004). Empirical theology and hermeneutical religious education: A case study concerning adolescent attitudes toward abortion. In H. Lombaerts and D. Pollefeyt (Eds), Hermeneutics and religious education (pp. 355-373). Leuven: Peeters. ISBN 90-429-1558-7.

Francis, L. J. (2005). Prayer, personality and purpose in life among churchgoing and non-churchgoing adolescents. In L. J. Francis, M. Robbins and J. Astley (Eds.), Religion, Education and Adolescence: International empirical perspectives (pp. 15-38). Cardiff: University of Wales Press. ISBN 0-7083-1957-2.

Francis, L.J. (2007), God images and empathy: a study among secondary school pupils in England, in P. Heggy (ed.), What do we Imagine God to be? The function of ‘God images’ in our lives, Lampeter, Edwin Mellen Press, pp 67-88 (ISBN 0-7734-5488-8).

Francis, L. J. (2008). Self-assigned religious affiliation: a study among adolescents in England and Wales. In B. Spalek & A. Imtoual (Eds.), Religion, spirituality and the social sciences: Challenging marginalisation (pp. 149-161). Bristol: Policy Press. ISBN 978-184-742-0411.

Francis, L. J. (2009). Psychological type theory and religious and spiritual experience. In M. De Souza, L. J. Francis, J. O’Higgins-Norman, & D. G. Scott (Eds.), International Handbook of education for spirituality, care and wellbeing (pp. 125-146). Dordrecht: Springer. ISBN 978-1-4020-9017-2.

Francis, L. J. (2009). Understanding the attitudinal dimensions of religion and spirituality. In M. De Souza, L. J. Francis, J. O’Higgins-Norman, & D. G. Scott (Eds.), International handbook of education for spirituality, care and wellbeing (pp. 147-168). Dordrecht: Springer. ISBN 978-1-4020-9017-2.

Francis, L. J. (2010), Religion and happiness: Perspectives from psychology of religion, positive psychology and empirical theology. In J. Atherton, E. Graham, & I. Steedman (Eds.), The practices of happiness: Political economy, religion and wellbeing (pp. 113-124). London: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-55097-0.

Articles

Leslie J Francis has authored or co-authored over five hundred articles in peer review journals. Articles published during 2010 include:

Astley, J., & Francis, L. J. (2010). Promoting positive attitudes toward science and religion among sixth-form pupils: Dealing with scientism and creationism. British Journal of Religious Education.32, 189-200. ISSN 0141 6200.

Brockett, A., Village, A., & Francis, L. J. (2010). Assessing outgroup prejudice among secondary pupils in Northern England: Introducing the Outgroup Prejudice Index (OPI). Research in Education, 86: 67-77.

Burton, L., Francis, L. J., & Robbins, M. (2010). Psychological type profile of Methodist circuit ministers in Britain: similarities with and differences from Anglican clergy. Journal of Empirical Theology, 23, 64-81. ISSN 0922 2936.

Craig, C. L. Francis, L. J., & Barwick, J. (2010). Psychological type preferences of Christian groups: Comparison with the UK population norms. Journal of Psychological Type, 70, 31-39. ISSN 1367-4676.

Elken, A., Francis, L. J., & Robbins, M. (2010). The Estonian translation of the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity: Internal consistency reliability and construct validity. Journal of Beliefs and Values.31, 231-234. ISSN 1361 7672

Francis, L. J. (2010). Five loaves and two fishes: An empirical study in psychological type and biblical hermeneutics among Anglican preachers. HTS Theological Studies, 66(1) article 811, 1-5. ISSN 0259 9422.

Francis, L. J. (2010). Spiritual health and religious formation: The adolescent experience. Crucible, 49, 7-14. ISSN 0011 2100.

Francis, L. J. (2010). Personality and religious orientation: Shifting sands on firm foundations? Mental Health, Religion and Culture, 13, 793-803. ISSN 1367 4676.

Francis, L. J., & Craig, C. L. (2010). Psychological types of bilingual and monolingual female undergraduate students in Wales. Journal of Psychological Type, 70, 115-122.

Francis, L. J., Jewell, A., & Robbins, M. (2010). The relationship between religious orientation personality and purpose in life among an older Methodist sample. Mental Health, Religion and Culture, 13, 777-791. ISSN 1367 4676.

Francis, L. J., Laycock, P., & Village, A. (2010). Statistics for evidence-based policy in the Church of England: Predicting diocesan performance. Review of Religious Research, 52, 207-220. ISSN 0034 673X.

Francis, L. J., Lewis, C. A., & Robbins, M. (2010). Religious orientation, mental health and culture: Conceptual and empirical perspective. Mental Health, Religion and Culture, 13, 659-666. ISSN 1367-4676.

Francis, L. J., Littler, K., & Robbins, M. (2010). Psychological type and Offa’s Dyke: Exploring differences in the psychological type profile of Anglican clergy serving in England and Wales. Contemporary Wales, 23, 240-251. ISBN 978-0-7883-2313-7.

Francis, L. J., Mansfield, S., Williams, E., & Village, A. (2010). Applying psychological type theory to Cathedral visitors: A case study of two cathedrals in England and Wales. Visitor Studies, 13, 175-186. ISSN 1064 5578.

Francis, L. J., Mansfield, S., Williams, E., & Village, A. (2010). The usefulness of Visitor Expectations Type Scales (VETS) for tourist segmentation: The case of cathedral visitors. Tourism Analysis, 15, 545-554. ISSN 1083 5423.

Francis, L. J., Quesnell, M., & Lewis, C. A. (2010). Assessing attitude toward Christianity among adolescents in the Czech Republic: The Francis Scale. Irish Journal of Psychology, 31, 125-134. ISSN 0303 3910.

Francis, L. J., & Robbins, M. (2010). Teachers at faith schools in England and Wales: State of research. Theo-Web: Zeitschrift für Religionspädagogik, 9(1), 141-159. ISSN 1863 0502.

Francis, L. J., Robbins, M., & Cargas, S. (2010). The Parliament of the World’s Religions, who goes and why? An empirical study of Barcelona 2004. Journal of Beliefs and Values, 31, 143-153. ISSN 1361 7672.

Francis, L. J., Robbins, M., & Murray, L. (2010). Psychological type and religious orientation: Do introverts and extraverts go to church for different reasons? Mental Health, Religion and Culture, 13, 821-827. ISSN 1367 4676.

Francis, L. J., Robbins, M., Rolph, J., Turton, D., & Rolph, P. (2010). The relationship between recalled self-esteem as a child and current levels of professional burnout among Anglican clergy in England. Pastoral Psychology, 59, 551-561. ISSN 1031 2789.

Francis, L. J., Rolph, J., Rolph, P. W., & Robbins, M. (2010).Personality and the happiness of others: A study among 13- to 15-year-old adolescents. Applied Psychology: Health and Wellbeing. ISSN 1758 0846.

Francis, L. J., & Williams, E. (2010). Not all cathedral congregations look alike: Two case studies in rural England. Rural Theology, 8, 37-50. ISSN 1470 4994.

Francis, L. J., Williams, E., & Robbins, M. (2010). Personality, conventional Christian belief and unconventional paranormal belief: A study among teenagers. British Journal of Religious Education 31, 31-39. ISSN 0084 6724.

Hancock, L., Tiliopoulos, N, & Francis, L. J. (2010). Psychometric properties of the Francis Scale of Attitude to Christianity among Australian Christians. Journal of Religious Education, 58(4), 72-75. ISSN 1442 018X.

Robbins, M., & Francis, L. J. (2010). Work-related psychological health among Church of England clergywomen: Individual differences and psychological type. Review of Religious Research, 52, 57-71. ISSN 0034 673X.

Robbins, M., & Francis, L. J. (2010). The Teenage Religion and Values survey in England and Wales: An overview. British Journal of Religious Education, 32, 307-320. ISSN 0414 6200.

Robbins, M., Francis, L. J., & Edwards, B. (2010). Happiness as stable extraversion: Internal consistency reliability and construct validity of the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire among undergraduate students. Current Psychology, 29, 89-94. ISSN 1046 1310.

Robbins, M., Francis, L. J., McIlroy, D., Clarke, R., & Pritchard, L. (2010). Three religious orientations and five personality factors: An exploratory study among adults in England. Mental Health, Religion and Culture, 13, 771-775. ISSN 1367 4676.

Robbins, M., Francis, L. J., Village, A., & Murray, L. (2010). How homonegative is the typical Anglican congregation? Modern Believing, 5(2), 6-15. ISSN 1353 1425.

Robbins, M., Francis, L. J., & Williams, E. (2010). Conventional Christian belief and unconventional paranormal belief among teenagers in Northern Ireland: A personality and individual differences approach. Irish Journal of Psychology, 31, 87-94. ISSN 0303-3910.

Ross, C. F. J., & Francis, L. J. (2010). The relationship of intrinsic, extrinsic, and quest religious orientations to Jungian psychological type among churchgoers in England and Wales. Mental Health, Religion and Culture, 13, 805-819. ISSN 1367 4676.

Swindells, T., Francis, L. J., & Robbins, M. (2010). Shaping attitude toward Christianity among year seven pupils: The influence of sex, church, home and primary school. Journal of Beliefs and Values, 31, 343-348. ISSN 1361 7672.

Tiliopoulos, N., Francis, L. J., & Slattery, M. (2010), The internal consistency reliability of the Santosh-Francis Scale of Attitude toward Hinduism among Hindu Bunts in South India. North American Journal of Psychology, 12, 185-190. ISSN 1527 7143.

Village, A., & Francis, L. J. (2010). All in the mind? Psychological, social and religious predictors of civic volunteerism among churchgoers in England. Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion, 21, 1-26. ISSN 1046-8064.

Village, A., & Francis, L. J. (2010). An anatomy of change: Profiling cohort difference in beliefs and attitudes among Anglicans in England. Journal of Anglican Studies, 8, 59-81. ISSN 1740 1553.

Village, A., Williams, E., & Francis, L. J. (2010). Living in sin? Religion and cohabitation in Britain 1985-2005. Marriage and Family Review, 46, 468-497. ISSN 0149 4929.

Village, A., Williams, E., & Francis, L.J. (2010). Does religion make a difference? Assessing the effect of Christian affiliation and practice on divorce in the UK, 1985-2005. Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, 51, 327-338. ISSN 1050 2556.

Williams, E., Francis, L. J., & Billington, U. (2010). The Williams Scale of Attitude toward Paganism: Development and application among British Pagans. Archive for the Psychology of Religion, 32, 179-193. ISSN 0084 6724

Williams, E., Francis, L. J., & Village, A. (2010). Marriage, religion and human flourishing: How sustainable is the classic Durkeim thesis in contemporary Europe? Mental Health, Religion and Culture, 13, 93-104. ISSN 1367 4676.

Books for children

Leslie J Francis is co-author of the popular Teddy Horsley series of religious education books for 3-7 year olds.

He is also co-author of a series of books for key stage one pupils on Christian special places, and co-author of a series of books for key stage two pupils on world faiths.

Music

Leslie J Francis enjoys the music of J.S. Bach and has re-built an 1851 Walker organ in his home.

Further information

A full list of publications for Professor Francis is available here(Word Document)

 

 

 

leslieportrait.jpg