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IER Dr Deirdre Hughes - Publications

Publications

2019

Akkok, F., Arlumani, G., Zelloth, H., Hughes, D. (in press) Migration: theory, research and practice in guidance and counselling, Editors, International Symposium Series, British Journal for Guidance and Counselling, Vol. 46, No. 4, November 2018

2018

Lengelle, R., Hughes, D., & Hambly, L. (in press) Creative Methods in Guidance and Counselling, Editors, International Symposium Series, British Journal for Guidance and Counselling, Vol. 46, No. 1, February 2018

2017

Hughes, D. & Meijers (in press) New School for Old School: Guidance and Counselling, Editors, International Symposium Series, British Journal for Guidance and Counselling, Vol, 45, No.2, April 2017

2016

Lengelle, R., Meijers, F., & Hughes, D. (2016). Creative writing for life design: reflexivity, metaphor and change processes through narrative. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 95-96. ISSN 0001-8791

Hughes, D. (2016). Informed and impartial careers information, advice and guidance: reaching out to support the apprenticeship agenda? In Way, D. (ed.) A Race To The Top – Achieving 3 million more apprenticeships by 2020, University of Winchester Press.

Hughes, D., Mann, A., Barnes, S-A., Baldauf, B., and Mc Keown, R. (2016) An International Literature Review: Careers Education, on behalf of the Education Endowment Foundation (EEF), London and Bank of America Merrill Lynch, London.

Lengelle, R., Meijers, F., and Hughes, D. (In Press) Creative writing for life design: reflexivity, metaphor and change processes through narrative, Journal of Vocational Behavior, USA.

Hughes, D., Adriaanse, K., & Barnes, S-A. (2016a) Adult Education: Too important to be left to chance, Main Report commissioned by the All Parliamentary Group for Adult Education in England, London: House of Commons, Westminster.

Hughes, D., Adriaanse, K., & Barnes, S-A. (2016b) Adult Education: Too important to be left to chance, Summary Report, commissioned by the All Parliamentary Group for Adult Education in England, London: House of Commons, Westminster.

Barnes, S-A., Hughes, D., & Adriaanse, K. (2016) Adult Education: Too important to be left to chance, Adult Learner Survey Findings, commissioned by the All Parliamentary Group for Adult Education in England, London: House of Commons, Westminster.

Hughes, D., Luchinskaya, D., & Kispeter, E. (2016) Hard Times: smoothing transitions in the Employment and Support Allowance customer journey. Funded by Prospects Services, South West region.

Hughes, D. (2016) Careers Provision for Young peoople: Where Next? Careers England Policy Commentary 32, London.

Hughes, D. & Bimrose, J. (2016) Written Evidence submitted to the House of Commons Joint Sub-Committee Inquiry into Careers Advice, Information and Guidance, London: Westminster (20th January 2016).

2015

Hughes, D. (2015). Education, Skills & Productivity – the role of careers provision , London: Joint Education & BIS Select Committee Expert Paper, Portcullis House, Westminster (5th November 2015). Available online: http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/ier/people/dhughes/publications/portcullis_paper_dmh_051115.pdf

Hughes, D. (2015) Written Evidence submitted to the House of Lords Select Committee on Social Mobility, London: Westminster (1st October 2015)

Hughes, D. & Kispeter, E. (2015) Lifelong Guidance System in Hungary: Evaluation of the Social Renewal Operational Programme Measure (SROP-2.2.2-12/1) 2012 -2015. Budapest: Ministry for National Economy.

Hughes, D., supported by Jones, E. G., Hooley, T., Horler, K., & Stewart, S. (2015) UK Country Team Synthesis Report -7th International Symposium on Career Development and Public Policy, Des Moines, Iowa, USA, July 2015.

Barnes, S-A., Bimrose, J. & Hughes, D. (2015) Better access to careers labour market information for schools, SSAT Journal 04, Autumn 2015, pp.43-46. Available excerpt online: https://webcontent.ssatuk.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/31092706/Journal-4-excerpt.pdf

Hughes, D. (2015) London Ambitions: Shaping a careers offer for all young Londoners, London Enterprise Panel & London Councils. Available online: https://lep.london/publication/london-ambitions-careers-offer

Hughes, D. (2015). UK Country Report, International Centre for Career Development and Public Policy (ICCDPP), Iowa, USA (14th -17th June 2015). Available online: http://www.is2015.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/UnitedKingdom.pdf

Hughes, D, (2015). Careers provision: how to mend a fragmented system, London: SSAT Journal 03, Summer 2015, pp.14-19. Available excerpt online: https://webcontent.ssatuk.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/SSAT-Journal-03-Excerpt.pdf

Hughes, D. (2015). Careers policy reviews: where next? GMT Winter 2014/15, Higher Education Careers Service Unit: Manchester, p.7-10. Available online: http://www.hecsu.ac.uk/assets/assets/documents/GMT_winter_2015.pdf

Hughes, D. (2015) Written Evidence submitted to the House of Lords Select Committee on Social Mobility, 11th September 2015 in response to Call for Evidence. Available online:

Hughes, D. (2015). Review of the Statutory Guidance for Schools, March 2015. Available online: http://deirdrehughes.org/wp-admin/post.php?post=2425&action=edit

2014

Hughes, D. (2014). Taking Action: Achieving a Culture Change in Careers Provision, London: National Careers Council Second Report to Government, London: England, September 2014. Available online: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/355473/bis-14-1080-taking-action-achieving-a-culture-change-in-careers-provision.pdf

Hughes, D. (2014). A Forward Glance: Career development in a dynamic context, Career Development Association of Australia (CDDA) Journal, Sydney, May 2014.

Hughes, D. (2014). Inspiration: changing times. London: Prospects in Partnership Online Journal. April 2014.

Hughes, D. & Bimrose, J. (2014). Work inspiration for more young people in the UK: A call for action. The [Korean] Journal of Career Education Research, 27 (4) 129-144.

Hughes, D., Meijers, F. Kuijpers, M. (2014). Testing Times: careers market policies and practices in England and The Netherlands. British Journal for Guidance and Counselling,London: Routledge Online Access 8/8/2014. British Journal for Guidance and Counselling,London: Routledge. Online access 8/8/2014: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03069885.2014.940280#.VEkBcEuaZfM

Bimrose, J., Brown, A., Behle, H., Barnes, S.A., Hughes, D., Andrews, D., Davies, E., and Wiseman, J. (2014). Understanding the link between employers and schools and the National Careers Service. London: Department for Business, Innovation & Skills (BIS) Research Report Series, December 2014. Available Online: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/386030/bis-14-1271-understanding-the-link-between-employers-and-schools-and-the-role-of-the-national-careers-service.pdf

2013

Hughes, D. (2013). The changing UK careers landscape: tidal waves, turbulence and transformation, British Journal for Guidance and Counselling, London: Routledge. Available online: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3701932/

Hughes, D. (2013). Making, shaping and showcasing careers services at work, Glasgow: Skills in Focus 10, Joint Skills Committee, Scotland. November 2013. Available online: http://www.skillsdevelopmentscotland.co.uk/media/929502/making__shaping_and_showcasing_career_services_at_work_-_paper.pdf

Hughes, D. (2013). An Expanded Model of Careers Professional Identity: time for change? British Journal for Guidance and Counselling, Volume 41, (1), February 2013, pp. 58-68. Available online: http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/routledg/cbjg;jsessionid=5cnnab3jdrmke.alexandra

Hughes, D. (2013). National, EU and International Literature Review: adult careers information, advice and guidance. London: London Assembly Economy Committee. Available online: http://www.london.gov.uk/sites/default/files/Literature%20review_%20Adult%20careers.pdf

Hughes,D. (2013). The National Careers Service: a new era for careers work in England. Graduate Market Trends, Spring 2013, Manchester: Higher Education Careers Services Unit. pp.4-7. Available online: The National Careers Service: a new era for careers work in England. Graduate Market Trends, Spring 2013, Manchester: Higher Education Careers Services Unit.

Bimrose, J. and Hughes, D. (2013). Counseling in England, in Counseling Around the World: An International Handbook, 183 - 191, Editors: T. H. Hohenshil, N. E. Amundson & S. G. Niles, Alexandria, VA, USA: American Counseling Association. Available online: http://eu.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-1119026415.html

Hughes, D. & Bimrose, J. (2013). ESRC Policy Briefing: Reframing service delivery, professional practices and professional identities in UK careers work, London: ESRC and Warwick University Institute for Employment Research (IER). Available online: http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/ier/research/semcomprfs/esrc_policy_briefing_final_101212.pdf

Hughes, D. & Bimrose, J. (2013). Career adaptability and skills supply: rethinking conventional work life patterns, NGCE Journal, Dublin: National Centre for Guidance in Education pp. 4-8.

Hughes, D., Bimrose, J., Brown, C., Goddard, T., and Kettunen, J. (2013). E-Careers Services Symposium: expanding the limits of design, technology, and practice. CDDA Communiqué, Sydney: Career Development Association of Australia. Available online: http://admin.cdaa.org.au/Images/News/E-Careers%20Symposium%20communique_final.pdf

Hughes, D. & Chambers, N. (2013). An Aspirational Nation: Creating a culture change in careers provision, London: National Careers Council, supported by the Department for Business, Innovation & Skills (BIS), pp. 1- 59. Available online: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/205147/bis-13-919-national-careers-council-report-an-aspirational-nation-creating-a-culture-change-in-careers-provison.pdf

Hughes, D. & Borbély-Pecze, T.B. (2013). Youth Unemployment: A Crisis in Our Midst – The role of lifelong guidance policies in addressing labour supply and demand. Concept Note No.2. Finland: European Lifelong Guidance Policy Network. pp. 1- 20. Available online: http://www.elgpn.eu/publications/browse-by-language/english/elgpn_concept_note2_youth_unemployment

2012

Hughes. D. (2012). The Right Advice at the Right Time, Australian Career Practitioner Journal, Vol 23, (3), Spring 2012, pp.12-13

Hughes, D. (2012a). Improving Lifelong Career Guidance and ICT Support project:Legislation on Career Guidance in EU member states, EU-funded project on behalf of the Croatian Public Employment Service and Tribal Education Ltd, February 2012.

Hughes, D. (2012b). Improving Lifelong Career Guidance and ICT Support project:Analysis and assessment of the statutory provisions underpinning National Guidance Fora in EU Member State, EU-funded project managed by the Croatian Public Employment Service and Tribal Education Ltd, February 2012.

Hughes, D. (2012c). Improving Lifelong Career Guidance and ICT Support project: Quality Assurance Frameworks in an EU context. EU-funded project managed by the Croatian Public Employment Service and Tribal Education Ltd, May 2012.

Brown, A., Bimrose, J., Barnes, S-A., Hughes, D. (2012). 'The role of career adaptabilities for mid-career changers' Journal of Vocational Behavior 80 (3), 754 – 761. Available online: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S000187911200005X

2011

Hughes, D, (2011). A New Era for Careers: choices and consequences. London: Smith Institute Monograph. Available online: http://www.smith-institute.org.uk/file/Women%20in%20SET.pdf

Hughes, D. (2011). Building the Evidence-base for Careers Work: in search of the Holy Grail? In Professionalisation of Career Guidance in Europe: Training, Guidance Research, Service Organisation and Mobility. Dgvt Verlag, Tübingen ISBN 978-3-87159-712-1, 48 Euro. Available online: http://www.amazon.co.uk/Professionalisation-Career-Guidance-Europe Organisation/dp/3871597120

Bimrose J., Brown, A., Barnes, S.A & Hughes, D. (2011).The Role of Career Adaptability and Skills Supply. London: UK Commission for Employment and Skills. Available online: http://www.ukces.org.uk/assets/bispartners/ukces/docs/publications/evidence-report-35-role-of-career-adaptability.pdf

Bimrose, J., Brown, A., Barnes, S.A & Hughes, D. (2011). The Role of Career Adaptability and Skills Supply – Technical Report. London: UK Commission for Employment and Skills. Available online: http://www.ukces.org.uk/assets/bispartners/ukces/docs/publications/evidence-report-35-technical-report.pdf

Bimrose, J., Hughes, D., & Barnes, S.A (2011). Integrating new technologies into careers practice: Extending the knowledge base. London: UK Commission for Employment and Skills. Available online: http://www.ukces.org.uk/assets/bispartners/ukces/docs/publications/integrating-new-technololgies-into-careers-practice.pdf

2010

Hughes, D. (2010). Social mobility of young people and adults in England: the contribution and impact of high quality careers services. London: Careers England. Available online: http://www.iccdpp.org/Portals/1/Social%20Mobility%20and%20Careers%20Service%20 Provision%20in%20England%20160810%5B1%5D.pdf

Hughes, D. (2010). A Literature Review: Social Mobility and Careers Service Policies. London: Careers England. Available online: http://www.slideshare.net/deirdrehughes3/010910-social-mobility-and-careers-service-provision-in-england 

Edwards, H., Hughes, D., & Saunders, D. (2010). A Review of Careers Service Provision in Wales Cardiff: Welsh Assembly Government. Cardiff: The Welsh Assembly. Available online: http://wales.gov.uk/topics/educationandskills/publications/researchandevaluation/evaluation/futureambitions/?lang=en

2009

Hughes, D. (2009). UK Country Report: Career Development and Public Policy, commissioned by DBIS, LSC, DWP, DELNI, Welsh Assembly Government, and Future Skills Scotland, to feed into the fifth International Symposium on Career Development and Public Policy, Wellington, New Zealand, November 2009.

Hughes, D. & Gration, G. (2009). Evidence and Impact: careers and guidance related interventions – an online professional resource CfBT Education Trust, Reading. Available online: http://www.eep.ac.uk/dnn2/ResourceArea/Careersworkexperienceemployment/tabid/170/Default.aspx

Hughes, D. & Gration, G. (2009). Evidence and Impact: careers and guidance related interventions, A Sythnesis Paper, CfBT Education Trust, Reading. Available online: http://www.eep.ac.uk/dnn2/ResourceArea/Careersworkexperienceemployment/tabid/170/Default.aspx

Hughes, D. & Gration, G. (2009). A literature review of careers and guidance related interventions, CfBT Education Trust, Reading. Available online: http://www.eep.ac.uk/dnn2/ResourceArea/Careersworkexperienceemployment/tabid/170/Default.aspx

Hughes, D. & Nijjar, A. (2009). Establishing a career progression framework for the new adult advancement and careers service: an exploration of the options. London: Lifelong Learning UK.

2008

Hughes, D. (2008). The New Adult Advancement Careers Service: What’s in a name? Institute of Career Guidance Occasional Paper, Stourbridge: Institute of Career Guidance, England.

Bimrose, J., Barnes, S-A. & Hughes, D. (2008). Adult Career Progression and Advancement: A five-year study of the effectiveness of guidance. Warwick: Institute for Employment Research, Warwick University. Available online: http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/ier/publications/bulletins/bulletin_99.pdf

Blythe, J., Elo, L., Gration, G. and Hughes, D. (2008). The Learning Agreement Pilot in Lancashire, England: supporting young people in jobs without training. iCeGS Occasional Paper. Derby: International Centre for Guidance Studies (iCeGS), University of Derby.

Hughes, D., Davies, D., Bright, G. and Dyke, S. (2008). NEET SPEAKS: Influences Shaping Young People’s Choices of Education, Training and Employment, South Yorkshire Learning & Skills Council, Sheffield.

2007

Hughes, D. (2007). Maximising the Value of Career Development for Sustainable Growth and Social Equality: England Country Paper. Commissioned by the Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills (DIUS), Sheffield: Moorfoot, pp. 1-11.

Hughes, D. & Toyne, N. (2007). Building Research Networks: Where Next? [online]. Graduate Market Trends, Autumn 2007. Manchester: Higher Education Careers Services Unit, p.17. Available online: http://www.prospects.ac.uk/cms/ShowPage/p!eaLjgik

Hughes, D. and Morgan, S. (2007). Choices in the 21st Century: Career Support and Guidance. In: Myers, K., Adler, S., Leonard, D. & Taylor, H. (eds) Genderwatch. Stoke on Trent: Trentham Books, pp. 93-97.

2006

Hughes, D. (2006). Fact or fiction? Transforming careers evidence into action, In Reid, H. & Bimrose, J. (eds). Career Guidance: Constructing the Future. Stourbridge: Institute of Career Guidance, pp. 117-1128.

Hughes, D. (2006a). UK Country Report for Finnish Presidency Conference (November 2006). Update on Progress in Implementing the May 2004 Council Resolution on Guidance Throughout Life. Commissioned by the Department for Employment and Skills, Sheffield: Moorfoot, pp. 1-19.

Hughes, D. (2006b). Why evaluate guidance? Via Veiledning, 6. Ministry for Education, Denmark, pp 1-6. Available online:http://www.ug.dk/Videnscenter%20for%20vejledning/Forside/Virtuelt%20tidsskrift/2006%20nr%206.aspx

Hughes, D. (2006c). Shaping the Future: Connecting Career Development and Workforce Development: UK Country Paper, Third International Symposium on Career Development and Public Policy, Queensland University of Technology, Queensland, Australia, pp. 1- 12. Available online: http://careers.qut.edu.au/is2006/Country%20Papers%20Received/UK%20Country%20Paper.pdf

Hughes, D. (2006d). The future of educational and career guidance: where next? The Julie Hamill Memorial Lecture 2006, Malone House, Belfast, pp. 1- 16. Available online: http://www.connect2learn.org.uk//files/654_Deirdre%20Hughes%20Speechpdf.pdf

Hughes, D., Bimrose, J., Brown, A., & Karjalainen, M. (2006). Putting research at the centre of design, development and operation of higher education careers services: A comparative study from the UK and Finland Higher Education. In: Vuorinen, R., & Saukkonen, S. (eds) Guidance Services in Higher Education: strategies, design and implementation. Institute for Educational Research. University of Jyvaskyla, Finland, pp.125-146.

Hughes, D. & Higginbotham, S. (2006). The future of professional career guidance: where next? CeGS Occasional Paper. Derby: Centre for Guidance Studies, University of Derby, pp. 1-10.

Bimrose, J., Hughes, D., & Collin, A (2006). A critical review of quality assurance mechanisms for Information, Advice and Guidance, Commissioned by the University for Industry (UfI) Sheffield: learndirect. pp. 1 – 48. Available online: http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/ier/publications/bydate/qacr.pdf

2005

Hughes, D. (2005a). A Market in Career? Evidence and Issues – Summary Consultation Report. Sheffield: Department for Education & Skills, pp. 1-3.

Hughes, D. (2005b). Connexions: Developing Options and Opportunities. CeGS Occasional Paper. Derby: Centre for Guidance Studies, University of Derby, pp. 1-15. Available online: http://www.derby.ac.uk/cegs/publications/cegs_cegs%20occasional%20paper%20April%202005.pdf

Hughes, D (2005c). Peer Review: Supporting lifelong learning through the development of guidance services in Latvia. European Commission – DG Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities, pp. 129-136. Available online: http://pdf.mutual-learning-employment.net/pdf/latvia05/UK.pdf

Hughes, D. (2005d). Personal perspectives on ‘Youth Matters’ - Industry experts give their opinions on the Youth Green Paper. Career Guidance Today, 13 (3), pp.12 -15.

Hughes, D. (2005). Career guidance issues: A practical approach. Paper presented at Euro-guidance Malta Annual Conference. Valetta, Malta. December 2005, pp. 1-11.

Bimrose, J., Barnes, S.A., Hughes, D. (2005). Effective guidance - One year on: evidence from longitudinal case studies in England. Department for Education & Skills: Sheffield, pp. 1 - 70.

Brown, A., Bimrose, J., Hughes, D. (2005). Bringing guidance research and practice closer together: the UK National Guidance Research Forum website. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance. 5, 2, pp. 229 -240.

Emmett, W., Lake, C., & Hughes, D. (2005). Mobility of leaders across public services. Office of Public Services Reform (OPSR), London: Cabinet Office, pp. 1 – 33.

Hughes, D., Bimrose, J., Barnes, S.A., Bowes, L., Orton, M. (2005). A systematic literature review: career development interventions in the workplace. Sheffield: Department for Education & Skills, pp. 1 - 43.

Hughes, D. & Gration, G. (2005). Indicators and benchmarks in career guidance. United Kingdom Overview European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, Thessaloniki: Cedefop, pp. 1-13.

Watts, A.G., Hughes, D., & Wood, M. (2005). A Market in Career? Evidence and issues. Derby: Centre for Guidance Studies, University of Derby, pp. 1 - 18.

2004

Hughes, D. (2004a). Investing in Career: Prosperity for citizens, windfalls for Government. Winchester: The Guidance Council, pp. 1 - 24. Available at: http://www.niace.org.uk/publications/I/InvestingCareer.asp

Hughes, D. (2004b). Creating evidence: Building the case for career development. The Career Counsellor Journal, Issue No.16, p.2 and p.7.

Hughes, D (2004c). Making the case, strong evidence versus “hearsay”. In: Reid, H. & Bimrose, J. eds. Career Guidance: Constructing the Future. Stourbridge: Institute of Career Guidance, pp. 85 - 99.

Hughes, D. (2003b). National Skills Strategy: 14-19 Education: Formal Evidence, House of Commons Education and Select Committee: Parliament, London: December 2003, pp.1-5. Available online: http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200405/cmselect/cmeduski/37/3702.htm#evidence Written evidence 118.

Bimrose, J., Barnes, S.A., Hughes, D. & Orton, M. (2004). What is effective guidance? Evidence from longitudinal case studies in England. Sheffield: Department for Education & Skills, pp. 1 - 186. Available online: http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/ier/publications/bydate/egr2004.pdf

Hughes, D. & Gray, S. (2004). A Market in Career Provision? Learning from Experiences on the East Coast of America CeGS Occasional Paper. Derby: Centre for Guidance Studies, University of Derby, pp. 1 - 13.Hughes, D., & Bowes, L. (2003). Protocol: Review of the impact of careers education and guidance on young people’s transitions from Key Stages 3 to 4. In Research Evidence in Education Library, London: Evidence for Policy and Practice Information and Co-ordinating Centre (EPPI-Centre), Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, pp.1-14. Available online:

http://eppi.ioe.ac.uk/EPPIWebContent/reel/review_groups/transitions/transitions_protocol1.pdf

2003

Hawkins, P., Howard, M. & Hughes, D. (2003). Succeeding Generations: inspiring futures for all. CeGS Occasional Paper. Derby: Centre for Guidance Studies, University of Derby, pp. 1 - 11.

2002

Bysshe, S. & Hughes, D. (2002). Delivering the ‘front end’ of the Learning Gateway. CeGS Occasional Paper. Derby: Centre for Guidance Studies, University of Derby, pp. 1 - 10.

Bysshe, S., Hughes, D. & Bowes, L. (2002). The economic benefits of guidance: a review of current evidence. CeGS Occasional Paper. Derby: Centre for Guidance Studies, University of Derby, pp. 1 - 10.

Hughes, D., Bosley, S., Bowes, L., & Bysshe, S. (2002). The Economic Benefits of Guidance. CeGS Research Report Series. Derby: Centre for Guidance Studies, University of Derby, pp. 1 - 50.

2001

Bosley, S., El-Sawad, A., Hughes, D., Jackson, C. & Watts, A.G. (2001). Guidance and Individual Learning Accounts. Derby: Centre for Guidance Studies, University of Derby, pp. 1 - 59.

Bowes, L., Hartas, D., Hughes, D. & Popham, I. (2001). A Little Book of Evaluation. Sheffield, Department for Education & Skills. Connexions Service National Unit (CSNU), pp. 1- 40.

Hughes, D., & Sheldon, R. (2001). Adapt and prosper: meeting the skills challenge: agents for change in a workplace context. Journal of Widening Participation and Lifelong Learning, Vol. 3 (1), pp. 32 - 36.

Jackson, C., Watts, A.G., Hughes, D., Bosley, S., & El-Sawad, A. (2001). Careers Service Work with Adults: A Survey. CeGS Occasional Paper. Derby, Centre for Guidance Studies, University of Derby, pp. 1 - 26.

Watts, A.G., Hughes, D., & Haslam, D. (2001). Working relationships between careers services within and outside higher education. British Journal of Education and Work, Vol. 14 (1), pp. 51 - 70.