My research draws on both analytic and continental approaches to aesthetics and the philosophy of art, and is informed by recent debates in art history and theory. Recently, it has focused on two main goals:
1. To defuse antipathy to aesthetics in art theory by showing that kinds of art typically thought challenging to aesthetics can be accommodated by a sufficiently rich aesthetic theory. To this end I have drawn on the neglected semantic potential of Kant's supposedly formalist theory of art, and endeavoured to show that a variety of supposedly anti-aesthetic artforms can be accommodated by the resulting aesthetic theory.
2. To contest widespread assumptions in the philosophy of photography regarding the nature of photography, particularly as an artistic medium, in part by showing that it is predicated on a narrow diet of examples that distorts philosophers' understanding of the field, and in part by developing an alternative conception of photographic agency. The former draws on resources in art history, the latter on the philosophy of action.
I am currently working on two books, each associated with one of these goals: 'Art after Aesthetics? A Critique of Theories of Art after Modernism' and 'On Photography'. Both involve substantive engagement with recent art. Artists whose work has been important for these projects and also figures in the publications below include: Brian Barry, Lawrence Weiner, Art & Language, Sol LeWitt, Adrian Piper, Richard Long, Martin Creed and Jeremy Deller; James Welling, Jeff Wall, James Coleman, Thomas Ruff, Rineke Dijkstra, Lee Friedlander, Ed Ruscha; Gerhard Richter, Chuck Close, William Kentridge, and Phillip Guston.
From 2004-2012 I was a member of the British Society of Aesthetics executive committee, from 2008-12 as Chair of the Society. I have been a Leverhulme Senior Research Fellow, 2004-5, and Humboldt Experienced Researcher at the Institut für Philosophie, Goethe Universität, Frankfurt, 2012-13. From 2007-11 I was Co-Director, with Margaret Iversen (Dept of Art History & Theory, University of Essex), of the AHRC research project, ‘Aesthetics after Photography.' There have been three special journal issues, various publications and conferences, and an exhibition associated with this project. I have been a member of the AHRC's Peer Review College since 2010.
I am happy to consider applications from PhD students wishing to work on projects related to any area of my research.
Work in progress or in press
'Spontaneity and Materiality: What Photography Is in the Photography of James Welling,' co-authored with Dominic McIver Lopes (journal article, under review)
'What's So New About the "New" Theory of Photography?' (journal article, under review)
'What is Abstraction in Photography?' (journal article, in progress)
'Guarantors, Ontological and Otherwise: Michael Fried on Intention in Photography' (book contribution, in progress)
Art after Aesthetics? A Critique of Theories of Art after Modernism (monograph, in progress)
'"Embodied Meanings" and "Aesthetic Ideas:" Arthur Danto's Late Style' (book contribution)
'STUPID ART: On Martin Creed' (book contribution)
'On the Very Idea of "Political" Art: the Curious Case of Jeremy Deller' (journal article)
On Photography: A Philosophical Inquiry, forthcoming with Routledge, 2017 (in press).
2. Edited Collections and Special Journal Issues
The Life and Death of Images: Ethics and Aesthetics. Co-edited with Dominic Willsdon, London: Tate Publishing and Cornell UP, 2008: here
3. Journal Articles:
'"But I am killing them!" Reply to Palermo and Baetens on Agency and Automatism', Critical Inquiry, 41:1, Fall 2014.
'Pictures, Again,’ Australian and New Zealand Journal of Art, 8:1, 2008, pp. 11-42.
'On the Very Idea of a "Specific" Medium: Michael Fried and Stanley Cavell on Painting and Photography as Arts,' Critical Inquiry, 34:2, Winter 2008, pp. 274-312.
'Whatever Happened to "Embodiment?:" The Eclipse of Materiality in Danto's Ontology of Art,’ Angelaki, 12:2, 2007; pp. 83-94: here
Translated as: 'Cosa mai è successo all'"incorporazione"? L'eclisse della materialità nell'ontologia dell'arte di Danto', a special issue of Rivista di Estetica 'Artworld & Artwork: Arthur C. Danto e l'ontologia dellarte' ed. Tiziana Andina e Alessandro Lancieri, 35:2, 2007; pp. 113-128.
‘Greenberg’s Kant, and the Fate of Aesthetics in Contemporary Art Theory,’ The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 65: 2, Spring 2007; pp. 217-228.
‘On Late Style: Arthur Danto’s The Abuse of Beauty,’ British Journal of Aesthetics, 44:4, October 2004; pp. 424-439.
'Lyotard’s Modernism' in 'To Jean-François Lyotard,' special issue of Parallax (17); October 2000; pp. 76-87: here.
4. Papers in Collections/Books:
'Xenophobia, Stereotypes and Empirical Acculturation: Neo-Kantianism in Adrian Piper's Performative Conceptual Art,' forthcoming in Connie Butler and David Platzker (eds.) Adrian Piper: A Reader, New York: MoMa Press, 2018.
'Doing Justice to the Art in Photography,' in Dominic McIver Lopes, Four Arts of Photography, Wiley-Blackwell, 2016.'Leaning into the Wind: Poiesis in Richard Long' in Aron Vinegar and Amanda Boetzkes (eds.) Heidegger and the Work of Art History, Ashgate 2014; pp. 141-169.