- Who or what lay behind the regional revolts of the 1830s and 1840s?
- What political ideologies did the rebels espouse?
- What was the role of ordinary people?
- Why did Brazil ultimately remain one united nation?
At least TWO of:
•Leslie Bethell, ed. Brazil: Empire and Republic, chapter 2 [e-book @ Library]
•João José Reis, “Slave Resistance in Brazil: Bahia, 1807-1835,” Luso-Brazilian Review, 25:1 (1988).
•Hendrik Kraay, “Between Brazil and Bahia: Celebrating Dois de Julho in Nineteenth-Century Salvador,” Journal of Latin American Studies, 31:2 (1999): 255-86
Matthias Assuncao, "Elite Politics and Popular Rebellion in the Construction of Post-Colonial Order: The Case of Maranhao, Brazil, 1820-1841," Journal of Latin American Studies, 31:1 (1999): pp. 1-38.
Further reading: primary source extract
* Domingos José Gonçalves de Magalhães, “Uprising in Maranhão,” in Levine & Crocitti (eds.), The Brazil Reader, pp 69-75