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Week 5: The “Regresso”

Lecture powerpoint

Seminar Questions

  • What brought renewed stability, and by when?
  • Who were the winners and losers?
  • What were the political and social effects of the upswing in coffee production?
  • How land ownership change during the coffee boom and how significant was land policy?
  • What were the political effects of the maintenance of slavery? What was slave society in the coffee plantation areas like?
  • How democratic was the Brazilian Empire? What were elections like in practice?

Seminar Readings

•Viotti da Costa, chapter 4 and chapter 5;

Stanley J. Stein, Vassouras: A Brazilian Coffee Country, 1850-1900 (1957). Ch 3, “Plantation Labour,” pp 55-80 e-book at library

•Richard Graham, Patronage and Politics in Nineteenth-Century Brazil, Chapter 3, “Elections and Patronage,” pp 71-98; and chapter 4, “The Theatre of Elections,” 101-121 [several copies in library; chapter 4 is on library scans page]

•José Murilo de Carvalho, “Political Elites and Statebuilding: The Case of Nineteenth-Century Brazil,” Comparative Studies in Society and History, 42:3 (July 1982): 378-399