- Did the Paraguayan War change Brazilian society and politics, or did it just serve to highlight existing tensions and fissures?
- How significant politically was enslaved participation in the war?
- What was the relationship between slavery and the military? Did the war change it?
- Skidmore, Brazil, second half of Chapter 3 [e-book @ library]
- Bethell (ed.), Brazil, Empire & Republic, chapter 3; [e-book @ library]
- Hendrik Kraay, “Slavery, Citizenship and Military Service in Brazil’s mobilization for the Paraguayan War,” Slavery and Abolition, 18:3 (1997): 228-256
Further reading on this topic:
Vitor Izeksohn, Slavery and War in the Americas: Race, Citizenship and Statebuilding in the United States and Brazil, 1861-1870. University of Virginia Press, 2014
Peter M Beattie, The Tribute of Blood: Army, Honour, Race and Nation in Brazil, 1864-1945 (Duke University Press, 2001)
Hendrik Kraay, Race, State and Armed Forces in Independence-Era Brazil: Bahia, 1790s-1840s (2001) [and edited book on Paraguay with Thomas L Whigham 2004]
Arming Slaves: From Classical Times to the Modern Age eds. Christopher Brown and Philip D Morgan, 2006