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Gangsta Gangsta


What is Gangsta Rap and how does it differ from other forms of hip-hop?

Why did the East Coast/West Coast rivalry emerge?

What are the debates over sexism and homphobia in hip-hop?

To what extent is sexism and violence linked to the commericalisation of hip-hop?

What role do white rappers have within hip-hop?

Core Reading

Michael Eric Dyson, '"Cover you eyes as I describe a scene so violent": Violence, Machismo, Sexism and Homphophobia' Know What I Mean: Refelections on Hip Hop (2007), Track (Chapter) 4, pp.89-122 [ebook]

Tricia Rose,'Hip Hop Demeans Women', in The hip hop war: what we talk about when we talk about hip hop--and why it matters (2008), pp.113-31 [ebook]

'Tupac Shakur/ Farewell to Arms, in The Face, November 1996  By David Toop

'The Notorious B.I.G. (1972-97)' in NME, 15 March 1997, By Angus Batey


2Pac 'Hit 'em Up'

NWA 'Gangsta, Gangsta'

Eminem, 'The Real Slim Shady'

Queen Latifah, U.N.I.T.Y

Further Reading

Edward G. Armstrong, (2004) Eminem's Construction of Authenticity , Popular Music and Society, 27:3, 335-355.

Regina N. Bradley, 'Barbz and Kings: Explorations of gender and sexuality in hip-hop', in Justin A Williams, The Cambridge Companion to Hip-Hop (2015)

Mark Anthony Neal, 'What the Hell is a Black Feminist', in New Black Man: Tenth Anniversary Edition (2015), pp.31-65.

Julius Bailey, Philosophy and hip hop: Ruminations on postmodern cultural form (2014) [ebook]

Julius Bailey (ed.), The cultural impact of Kanye West [ebook]

Todd Boyd, The New H.N.I.C. : The Death of Civil Rights and the Reign of Hip Hop (2003) [ebook]

Michael Eric Dyson, Holler if you hear me: searching for Tupac Shakur (2003) ebook)

Michael Eric Dyson Know What I Mean? (2010) [ebook]

Murray Forman, The 'hood comes first : race, space, and place in rap and hip-hop (2002) [ebook]

Murray Forman & Mark Anthony Neal (eds) That's the joint! : the hip-hop studies reader (2004)

Nelson George, Hip Hop America (2005)

Geoff Harkness, Chicago hustle and flow : gangs, gangsta rap, and social class (2014) [ebook]

Zenzele Isoke, Urban black women and the politics of resistance (2013), ch.7) [Ebook]

Robin D. G. Kelley, Yo’ Mama’s disfunktional: Fighting the Culture Wars in Urban America (1997)

Bakari Kitwana, Why white kids love hip-hop : wankstas, wiggers, wannabes, and the new reality of race in America (2005)

Bakari Kitwana, The hip hop generation: young Blacks and the crisis in African American culture (2002)

Michael B. MacDonald, Remix and Life Hack in Hip Hop (2016) [ebook)

Monica R. Miller, Religion and hip hop (2013)

M. Morgan. ‘The world is yours’: the globalization of hip-hop language'. Social Identities. 22, 2, 133, Mar. 2016

Mark Anthony Neal, What the music said: black popular music and black public culture (1999)

Mark Anthony Neal, New black man: Tenth Anniversary Edition (2015)

Eithne Quinn, Nuthin' but a "G" thang : the culture and commerce of gangsta rap (2005)

John Springall, Youth, popular culture and moral panics: penny gaffs to gangsta-rap, 1830-1996 (1988) [ebook]

Marina Terkourafi (ed), The languages of global hip-hop (2010)

Joespehine Metcalf and Will Turner (eds), Rapper, writer, pop-cultural player: Ice-T and the politics of black cultural production (2014)

James Braxton Peterson The hip-hop underground and African American culture: beneath the surface (20140 [ebook]

Gwendolyn D. Pough. Check it while I wreck it : Black womanhood, hip-hop culture, and the public sphere (2004)

Tricia Rose, Black noise: rap music and black culture in contemporary America (1994) [ebook]

Tricia Rose, The hip hop war: what we talk about when we talk about hip hop--and why it matters (2008) [ebook]

DJ Semtex, Hip hop raised me (foreword, Chuck D) (2016)

Lester K. Spence, Stare in the Darkness : The Limits of Hip-hop and Black Politics(2011). [ebook] conclusion

Tim Strode and Tim Wood (eds), The hip hop reader (2008)

Greg Tate, Flyboy 2 : the Greg Tate reader (2016) [ebook]

Greg Tate, Flyboy in the buttermilk : essays on contemporary America

Touré, Who's afraid of post-blackness? : what it means to be Black now (2011)

Elijah Wald, Talking 'Bout Your Mama: The Dozens, Snaps, and the Deep Roots of Rap (OUP, 2014)

Craig Watkins, Hip hop matters : politics, pop culture, and the struggle for the soul of a movement (2005) [ebook]

Justin A Williams, The Cambridge Companion to Hip-Hop (2015)