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'Many Rivers to Cross': Reggae


What are the cultural roots of ska and reggae?

What, if any, were the differences between between ska and reggae?

How did contemporaries respond to the emergence of reggae? (see rocksbackpages articles below)

How did Reggae articulate protest against elite politics in Jamaica and more generally?

How does Alleyne suggest Reggae was commodified by its crossover into the Euro-American market? Do you agree?

How did Reggae influence popular music, including punk and post punk in the UK?

Core Reading

Nadi Edwards, 'STATES OF EMERGENCY: REGGAE REPRESENTATIONS OF THE JAMAICAN NATION STATE', Social and Economic Studies, 47 (1998), pp. 21-32

Mike Alleyne, '"BABYLON MAKES THE RULES": THE POLITICS OF REGGAE CROSSOVER', Social and Economic Studies, Vol. 47, No. 1, Reggae Studies (MARCH, 1998), pp. 65-77

From rocksbackpages:

Kevin Allen, 'Reggae', Record Mirror (27 September 1975)

Roger St. Pierre, 'Reggae', West Indian World (23 July 1971).

Charlie Gillett, 'Reggay: Son of R&B', Record Mirror (10 May 1969).

Richard Williams, 'Bob Marley: The First Genius of Reggae?', Melody Maker (24 February 1973).

Further Reading

Andy Bennett, Cultures of popular music (Buckingham, 2001)

Lloyd Bradley, Reggae : the story of Jamaican music (BBC, 2002)

Steve Barrow and Peter Dalton, Reggae: the rough guide (London, 1997)

Stephen Davis and Peter Simon, Reggae International (London, 1983)

Kwame Dawea, Natural mysticism: towards a new reggae aesthetic (Leeds, 1997)

S. Daynes, (2010). Music & Society: Time and memory in reggae music : The politics of hope. (Manchester, 2010 ) ebook

Dick Hebdige, Reggae, Rastas & Rudies: style and subversion of form (Birmingham, 1974)

Marlon James, A Brief History of Seven Killings (Riverhead, 2015)

David Katz, Solid Foundation: An Oral History of Reggae (Bloomsbury, 2004)

Stephen A King, Reggae, Rastafari, and the Rhetoric of Social Control. (Jackson, University Press of Mississippi, 2002) Ebook

Colin Larkin, The Virgin encyclopedia of Reggae (Virgin, 1998)

Kevin O'Brien Chang and Wayne Chen, Reggae Routes: the story of Jamaican music (Kingston, 1998)

Partridge, Christopher. Studies in Popular Music: Dub in Babylon : Understanding the Evolution and Significance of Dub Reggae in Jamaica and Britain from King Tubby to post-Punk (Bristol, 2010) Ebook.

Chris Potash (ed.) Reggae, Rasta, Revolution : Jamaican music from ska to dub (London, 1997)

Jon Stratton, Ashgate Popular and Folk Music Series: When Music Migrates : Crossing British and European Racial Faultlines, 1945–2010. (Abingdon, Oxon, Routledge, 2016) Ebook

Barry Troyna, Rastafarianism, Reggae and Racism (1978)

Michael Veal, Music Culture : Dub : Soundscapes and Shattered Songs in Jamaican Reggae. (Middletown, US: Wesleyan, 2013) Ebook

Klive Walker, Dubwise : Reasoning from the Reggae Underground. (London, CA: Insomniac Library, 2005) Ebook

Anita M. Waters, Race, class, and political symbol: Rastafari and reggae in Jamaican politics (Oxford, 1985)

Eleanor Wint & Carolyn Cooper (eds), Bob Marley : the man and his music (Kingston, 2003)