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Modeling Transverse Mixing in Natural Streams

ABSTRACT

A model of transverse mixing in natural streams has been tested using dye data from a field experiment and has been proven successful. The model uses a natural coordinate system which follows the curvature of the stream and is based on the cumulative discharge concept. In the numerical solutions, different assumptions are used for the factor of diffusion, (uh²mxez). The best accuracy is found when local values of (uh²mx) are used together with a dispersion coefficient ez which can vary in the downstream direction. The changes in the size of the dye plume can be predicted fairly well, even with an analytical solution. An analysis of available field values for ez suggests that the dimensionless dispersion coefficient ez/U*W can be represented as a function of the width-depth ratio and a variable which characterizes the curvature of the stream. The sinuosity is a possible variable to use. Most of the data are distributed fairly well along one curve which can be used to obtain estimates of ez for streams with small curvatures.

 

AUTHORS
Y. Lam Lau - Head, Environmental Hydr. Section, Research Div., National Water Research Instit., Canada Center for Inland Waters, 867 Lakeshore Rd., Burlington, Ontario, L7R 4A6, Canada

Bommanna G. Krishnappan - Environmental Hydr. Section, Hydr. Research Div., National Water Research Instit., Canada Center for Inland Waters, 867 Lakeshore Road, Burlington, Ontario, L7R 4A6, Canada

 

PUBLICATION
Journal of the Hydraulics Division, Vol. 107, No. 2, February 1981, pp. 209-226