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DTU publications on animal traction

The main internal publications of the DTU are Working Papers, Technical Releases and Research Notes. Most DTU publications are available here for download in a number of formats and hard copies of Working Papers are available free on request to the DTU. Technical Releases will also be sent free on request but only to addressees in developing countries.

  • Technical Releases contain descriptions of designs/techniques for use by manufacturers, extension agents and users of equipment, written in fairly simple English to make them more accessible to technicians speaking other languages

  • Working Papers are used for descriptions of research findings and are written for a "professional" audience: comments are welcome. In some cases revised versions are subsequently published in outside journals.

  • Externally reviewed publications have mainly been published in books, journal articals and conference proceedings. When available, we provide a link to the published document and where there is a cost for the publication and copywrite restrictions allow, a free copy of the final draft submitted before publication. Other externally reviewed publications available here are substantive Project Reports which have been presented to various sponsors of our work and post-graduate theses.

  • Research Notes are smaller outputs from our research,progress reports of research undertaken by the DTU but as yet incomplete, case study material, and exceptional undergraduate research reports. Often these notes form the basis of fuller Working Paper. This section also contains


Technical releases

TR20 Steel Four Frame Cart For One Donkey (1994) Abstract (PDF Document) Full document (8pp, 140kb)
TR21 Pipe and Roller Donkey-Cart Axles (1994) Abstract (PDF Document) Full document (10pp, 160kb)
TR22 Pipe and Roller Ox-Cart Axles (1994) Abstract (PDF Document) Full document (10pp, 170kb)
TR23 Steel Frame and Wood Donkey Cart (1994) Abstract (PDF Document) Full document (7pp, 120kb)
TR24 Simple Low-Cost Wooden Ox Cart (1994) Abstract (PDF Document) Full document (10pp, 120kb)
TR25 Light Steel and Wood Donkey Cart (1994) Abstract (PDF Document) Full document (10pp, 120kb)
TR26 Steel Frame and Wood Ox-Cart (1994) Abstract (PDF Document) Full document (7pp, 120kb)
TR27 Single Donkey Harness for Cart Pulling (1999) Abstract (PDF Document) Full document (10pp, 110kb)
TR28 Pipe Plain Bearing Donkey Cart Axle (1996) Abstract (PDF Document) Full document (13pp, 150kb)
TR29 Low Cost Steel Framed Cart for Two Donkeys (1999) Abstract (PDF Document) Full document (9pp, 100kb)
TR30 Light Single Drum Water Carrier (1999) Abstract (PDF Document) Full document (8pp, 90kb)
TR33 Low Cost Vestigial Steel Framed Cart for Two Oxen (1999) Abstract (PDF Document) Full document (9pp, 100kb)
TR34 Vestigial Wooden Frame 2- Ox Cart (1999) Abstract (PDF Document) Full document (11pp, 140kb)
TR35 Making a flatbit for drilling holes in wood (1999) Abstract (PDF Document) Full document (4pp, 50kb)
TR36 Twin Plastic Plain Bearing Axle for Donkey Carts (1999) Abstract (PDF Document) Full document (13pp, 140kb)
TR37 Twin Wood Plain Bearing Axle for Donkey Carts (1999) Abstract (PDF Document) Full document (13pp, 140kb)
TR38 Simple Low- cost Brake for Donkey Carts (1999) Abstract (PDF Document) Full document (8pp, 70kb)
TR39 Steel Wire Rim Wheel for Donkey Carts (1999) Abstract (PDF Document) Full document (6pp, 360kb)
TR40 Double Donkey Harness for Cart Pulling (1999) Abstract (PDF Document) Full document (13pp, 150kb)
TR41 Twin Ball Bearing Axle for Donkey Carts (1999) Abstract (PDF Document) Full document (14pp, 150kb)
TR42 Wooden Flexwheel for Donkey Carts (1999) Abstract (PDF Document) Full document (18pp, 160kb)
TR43 Wheel Spanner for Animal Carts (1999) Abstract (PDF Document) Full document (5pp, 50kb)
TR44 As Cast Aluminium Wheel With Integral Roller Bearing (1999) Abstract (PDF Document) Full document (7pp, 210kb)
TR46 Straight Hame Collar for Donkey Harness (1999) Abstract (PDF Document) Full document (11pp, 190kb)
TR47 PVC Plain Bearing Ox Cart Axle (1999) Abstract (PDF Document) Full document (14pp, 160kb)
TR48 Simple Chain and Wood Saddle for Donkeys (1999) Abstract

(PDF Document) Full document (11pp, 370kb)

TR49 Wooden Single Donkey Harness for Cart Pulling Abstract

(PDF Document) Full document (11pp, 370kb)

TR50 Wooden Double Donkey Harness for Cart Pulling Abstract

(PDF Document) Full document (12pp, 370kb)


Working Papers

WP42 Low-Cost Rural Transport in Sierra Leone (1994)  Abstract (PDF Document) Full document (15pp, 470kb)
WP43 African Ox-Cart Design and Manufacture (1994)  Abstract  (PDF Document) Full document (62pp, 810kb)

Externally Reviewed

Oram, ATNESA, 1999 Low-Cost Rural Transport in Sierra Leone  Abstract  Paper from conference site