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ES4E4 - Fuels and Combustion

(15 Credits)

Aims: This module will provide engineers with an opportunity to develop their understanding of fuels and combustion technologies. The first part of the course will discuss the fundamentals of fuels and combustion technologies, and provide context into the necessity for sustainable development of conventional fuel use, and options for alternative fuels and technologies to augment and replace these.

Comparisons will be made between conventional fuels and novel / emergent fuels. Similarly conventional and novel combustion methods will be discussed.

In particular the module will investigate the plausibility of alternative fuels, the impact of continued hydro-carbon fuel use, and possibilities for a more sustainable future.

Learning Outcomes: Upon completion, students will be able to:

1. Conventional Fuels - Students should be able to evaluate the properties of different fuels, and describe, compare, and evaluate key fuel properties such as energy density, polluting effect, cost, and availability. Students should be able to compare fuels and evaluate the various advantages and disadvantages of each, forming hypotheses on the likelihood of continued usage.

2. Novel / Emergent Fuels – Students should be able to take their understanding of conventional fuel properties, and systematically apply this to evaluate the potential usefulness of novel and emergent alternatives to fossil fuels. Students should be able to interpret the latest fuel trends and evaluate the likelihood of future usage.

3. Principle of Combustion – Students should gain a comprehensive understanding of complex combustion features, being able to describe in detail the following: combustion modes; equilibrium products of combustion; economy-emissions compromises; pollutant compromises; important chemical mechanisms; conservation equations; laminar and turbulent flames.

4. Novel Combustion Technology – Students should be able to evaluate these technologies and identify the benefits over conventional combustion techniques in : reduced pollutant formation; and lower-temperature combustion.

5. Safety Issues and Accidental Combustion – Students should be able to describe the effects of accidental release, fire and explosion in the production, storage and utilization of fuels, being able to cite significant incidents. Students should be able to compare the practical implications associated with fuel handling of conventional and novel fuels. Students should be able to evaluate relevant codes and legislation such as DSEAR / ATEX and consider implications on fuel use in industry.

Illustrative Bibliography
1. An Introduction to Combustion: Concepts and Applications (Int'l Ed) Paperback – 1 May 2011 , Stephen R. Turns, McGraw-Hill Higher Education; 3 edition (1 May 2011), ISBN-10: 0071086870, ISBN-13: 978-0071086875.
2. Fundamentals of Combustion Processes, Chen, Jyh-Yuan, Fernandez-Pello, A. Carlos, 2011, XXIV, 304 p.
3. Combustion: Physical and Chemical Fundamentals, Modeling and Simulation, Experiments, Pollutant Formation by Warnatz, J., Maas, Ulrich, Dibble, Robert W., 2006. ISBN-13: 978-3540259923 ISBN-10: 3540259929.
4. Novel Combustion Concepts for Sustainable Energy Development, Agarwal, A.K., Pandey, A., Gupta, A.K., Aggarwal, S.K., Kushari, A. (Eds.), 2014, XIII, 562 p. ISBN: 978-81-322-2210-1.
5. Combustion, Flames and Explosions of Gases, Third Edition Paperback – 28 Jun 19870020by Bernard Lewis, ISBN-10: 0123958881, ISBN-13: 978-0123958884.