This course will give an introduction into the physics of thermonuclear fusion, which is a candidate solution for the energy demands of our society. Nuclear fusion is promising due to the unlimited amount of fuel, the fact that it is CO2 neutral, the limited amount of long lived radioactive waste, and the inherent safety of the approach. As a minor drawback, one could mention that a working concept for this approach still needs to be demonstrated. For reasons explained in the course, the construction of a working fusion reactor is hindered by several, in itself rather interesting, physics phenomena.
The course will discuss the two main approaches: inertial confinement and magnetic confinement, with the emphasis on the later since it is further developed. The course will deal with both the physics phenomena as well as with the boundary conditions that must be satisfied for a working reactor. At the end of the course the student should have an understanding of the main physics effects, the current concepts used and the reasons behind the choices made in the current experimental designs.
LECTURER: B. F. McMillan
BOOKS: Lecture notes
Lecture notes for 2015.
The slides of the lecture (PDF format)
Lecture 1: The basics (PDF)
Lecture 2: Basics / Lawson
Lecture 3 : Lawson and ICF / MCF (PDF)
Lecture 4: Plasma (pdf)
Lecture 5: Cylinder equilibrium (PDF)
Lecture 6: cylindrical concepts (PDF)
Lecture 7: particle motion (PDF)
Lecture 8: mirror / tokamak (PDF)
Lecture 9: tokamak / Stellarator (PDF)
Lecture 10: Tokamak continued (PDF)
Lecture 11: tokamak / vertical stability / beta limit (PDF)
Lecture 12: beta limit / particle orbits (PDF)
Lecture 13: Collisions / transport (PDF)
Lecture 14: Turbulence / ITER (PDF)
Lecture 15: Inertial confinement fusion (PDF)
The slides of the lecture (Powerpoint format)
Lecture 1: The basics (powerpoint)
Lecture 2: Basics / Lawson (powerpoint)
Lecture 3: Lawson and ICF / MCF (powerpoint)
Lecture 4: Plasma (powerpoint)
Lecture 5: Cylinder equilibrium (powerpoint)
Lecture 6: Cylindrical concepts (powerpoint)
Lecture 7: Particle motion (powerpoint)
Lecture 8: Mirror / tokamak (powerpoint)
Lecture 9: Tokamak / Stellarator (powerpoint)
Lecture 10: Tokamak continued (powerpoint)
Lecture 11: tokamak / vertical stability / beta limit (powerpoint)
Lecture 12: beta limit / particle orbits (powerpoint)
Lecture 13: Collisions / transport
Lecture 14: Turbulence / ITER (powerpoint)
Lecture 15: Inertial confinement fusion (Powerpoint)
Movie of the turbulence
Revision question sheet
Revision questions: to be discussed in lecture 10th March.
Answers to revision questions.
Revision lecture from earlier years: some useful hints on topics to revise.