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Equal Opportunities

Gender

69% of the UK environmental and land-based sector workforce is male. This, however, varies by nation: 83% in Northern Ireland; 74% in Scotland; 73% in Wales; and 67% in England. Across the industries, the proportion of the male workforce varies greatly:

Land management and production

  • 81% of the workforce in agricultural crops is male
  • 80% in trees and timber
  • 81% in agricultural livestock
  • 83% in fencing
  • 81% in production horticulture
  • 9% in floristry

Animal health and welfare

  • 29% of the workforce in animal care is male
  • 56% of the workforce in animal technology is male
  • in equine, 45.5% of proprietors and 33.2% of staff are male
  • the majority of farriers are male
  • across the veterinary nursing and ancillary activities 31% of the workforce is male, but only 2% of veterinary nurses are male

Environmental industries

  • 60% of the workforce in environmental conservation is male
  • 80% in fisheries management
  • 88% in horticulture, landscaping and sports turf

There seems to be no data on the proportion of male workers in aquaculture, land-based engineering and game and wildlife management.

Source: Lantra AACS LMI report 2010 and Skill Assessment for the Environmental and Land-based sector UK 2009


Ethnicity

The sector's workforce is predominantly from a white ethnic group (98.9%), compares with 91.2% average across all sectors.

Migrant workers form a significant proportion of the workforce in the sector, particularly within agriculture. Non-UK born nationals comprise 12% of total employment in the sector. However, this excludes seasonal workers who form a sizable proportion of the workforce. Migrant workers are more commonly found in these seasonal jobs.

Across the industries, the proportion of the workforce from white ethnic group is:

  • 99% in horticulture, landscaping and sports turf
  • 99% of the workforce in animal care
  • 99% of veterinary nurses
  • 97% in environmental conservation
  • 97% in fencing

The majority of farriers are white.

16% of the aquaculture workforce is estimated to be migrant workers (non-UK nationals).

Source: Lantra AACS LMI report 2010 and Skill Assessment for the Environmental and Land-based sector UK 2009


Age

The environmental and land-based sector has an ageing workforce. In the UK, 8% of the sector workforce is aged 65 years or over, compared with only 2% across all sectors. Across the nations:

  • 33% of workers are aged 50 years or over in England
  • 44% in Scotland
  • 41% in Northern Ireland
  • 45% in Wales

More details of age in the industry workforces are available in Environmental and land-based industries.

Source: Skill Assessment for the Environmental and Land-based sector UK 2009

Data and charts

Environmental and land-based sector workforce by... (2008)

gender

age

ethnic group