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Regional/National Dimension

81% of the energy and utilities sector workforce are employed in England, 10% in Scotland, 6% in Wales and 3% in Northern Ireland.

The power sector has the widest distribution around the UK nations with 72% of the workforce employed in England, 17% in Scotland, 8% in Wales and 3% in Northern Ireland. In contrast, over 90% of the gas (upstream) workforce is employed in England, with an equal proportion of employees across Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales.

Across the UK, there are approximately 9,900 VAT-registered businesses operating in the power, gas (upstream), waste management and water industries, with a further 50,300 businesses (including non-VAT registered) in the gas (downstream) industry.

83% of the energy and utilities organisations are located in England, 9% in Scotland, 5% in Wales and 3% in Northern Ireland.

Source: Energy & Utility Skills Sector Skills Agreement 2006

Economic profile of the sector by nation

With the majority of the energy and utilities sector activities located in England (83% of the industries business units are located in England), England has the highest absolute GVA levels.

Between 1993 and 2003 absolute GVA levels across the industries increased in all nations of the UK, even though employment levels across the UK decreased by over one-third. This increased output per worker in 2003 labour productivity was 92.2%, higher than in 1995. Across the whole of the UK economy labour productivity increased by 15.6%.

Source: Energy & Utility Skills Sector Skills Agreement 2006