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Curriculum Vitae

Qualifications

PhD in Law | University of Warwick/Université Lumière Lyon 2 (co-tutelle agreement) | 05/2016
  • Awarded with no corrections.
  • Title: 'Prosecutorial Discretion and Accountability. A comparative study of France and England and Wales.'
  • Funded by a studentship from the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC)
  • Supervisors: Prof. Jacqueline Hodgson (University of Warwick) and Prof. Edith Jaillardon (Université Lumière Lyon 2)
  • Examiners: Prof Andrew Ashworth (Oxford), Ms Solange Mouthaan (Warwick), Dr Claire Saas (Nantes) and Prof Maurice Gaillard (Lyon 2).

Teaching and Learning in Higher Education Postgraduate Award | University of Warwick | 12/2015
Master's Degree in Human Rights Law | Université Lumière Lyon 2 | 06/2007
  • Grade: 15.396/20 (77% - equivalent 1st)
  • Dissertation title: 'Limits of freedom of expression in France and the UK - The defence of democratic values'.
  • Examiners: Prof. Edith Jaillardon (supervisor) and Dr Daniel Durr.
  • Modules completed: Legal Foundations of Human Rights; Philosophical and Historical Foundations of Human Rights; Legal Research Methods.
Bachelor's Degree in Law | Université Jean Moulin Lyon 3 | 06/2005
  • Grade: 12.855/20 (64% - equivalent 2.1)
  • Modules completed: Civil Law (Property, Tort, Contracts, and Family) Constitutional and Administrative Law, Criminal Law, Civil Procedure, Criminal Justice Law, Employment Law, EU Law, Commercial Law, International Public Law, Tax Law.

Publications

'Prosecution in France' (with J. Hodgson), Oxford Handbooks Online, New York: Oxford University Press (2016)
  • This essay examines the increasingly ambivalent role and status of the French prosecutor, the procureur. As a judicial officer (magistrat), she is required to act in and to uphold the public interest, but her hierarchical accountability to the executive and her role in the formation and implementation of local criminal justice policy threaten her independence, notably in the eyes of her fellow magistrats. The dominance of the executive, both politically and through the imposition of managerialist imperatives, is felt in the ever-expanding role of the procureur, especially in the local sphere. While the limited forms of legal and structural accountability in place leave the prosecutor with broad discretion, this is diminished through the drive to standardisation resulting from the delegation of work to fulfil the demands of dealing with greater numbers of cases more quickly, with fewer resources.

'Understanding the French sentencing process' (with J. Hodgson), Crime and Justice - A Review of Research, The University of Chicago Press (2016)
  • This paper looks at the practice as well as the theory of French sentencing and locates the sentencing process (for it is a process, not a single event) within the broader context of French inquisitorially rooted criminal procedure. It argues that the central part played by the prosecutor in criminal cases (including in case disposition through alternative sanctions), her role in recommending a sentence to the court and the court’s invariable decision to follow this suggestion, together with the unitary nature of the French judicial profession, means that despite the broad discretion afforded to the sentencing judge, there is a remarkable degree of consistency in the penalties imposed. It examines the range of penalties available and considers the most recent addition, the contrainte pénale, suggesting that this is unlikely to have a great impact without the investment of resources in the probation service and a change in the judicial culture which still favours simple sentencing options, including imprisonment, to the array of alternative options now in place.

'Plea bargaining in a context of budget cuts - The example of England and Wales', Warwick Law Working Papers, Social Science Research Network, 2013.
  • I explored the impact of budget cuts on plea bargaining in practice. Two main saving measures could potentially affect plea bargaining in practice: maximising the use of paralegal staff and the Early Guilty Plea Scheme. Based on empirical observations and interviews, this paper examines the practical and theoretical consequences of these money-saving measures on plea bargaining.

Current Employment

Teaching Fellow | University of Warwick, School of Law | 01/2017 to date
  • Teaching criminal law seminars to 5 groups of 14 to 18 students (undergraduates: LLB, Law and Business, Law and Sociology)

  • Marking 2,500-word essays for 50 students, providing detailed feedback for each essay.

  • Marking exam papers for 50 students.

  • Teaching lectures and seminars on the Comparative Criminal Justice module (undergraduates).

University of Warwick, School of Law | Researcher | 10/2016 to date
  • Co-investigator on the research project 'An Evaluation of "No Appeal" Applications to the Criminal Cases Review Commission (CCRC)'.

  • Successfully applied for £13,000 of internal funding (Warwick ESRC Impact Acceleration Account);

  • Negotiated access and confidentiality agreement with the CCRC;

  • Sampled 600 CCRC cases and currently collecting data according to a pre-defined template.

  • Will co-write the research report.

Previous Employment

Sessional Teacher | University of Warwick | 10/2013 to 12/2016
  • Seminar teacher, essay and exam marking.

University of Warwick, School of Law | Research assistant | 01/2016 to 05/2016
  • Provided research assistance to Dr Ana Aliverti for a research project on issues of culture, race and gender in criminal courts.

  • Searched case law where the issue of culture has been raised to by the defence or prosecution, or brought up in the judgement, to contextualise the defendant's culpability or for mitigation/aggravation purposes;

  • Scoped the literature on culture and criminal law - including the so-called 'cultural defence'.

Maastricht University, School of Law | Researcher | 01/2013 to 04/2013
  • Worked on research project 'Procedural Rights of Suspects in Police Detention in the EU: Empirical Investigation and Promoting Best Practices', a comparative study of implementation of suspects' rights in police detention in four jurisdictions of the EU (England and Wales, France, Netherlands and Scotland) funded by the European Union and the University of Maastricht.

  • Negotiated access to research sites with defence lawyers and prosecutors in France;

  • Undertook observations of police station duty advice by accompanying French lawyers during police custody;

  • Conducted interviews with French police officers and defence lawyers participating in police custody in two research sites;

  • Produced and made available to the project team observational notes and interview transcriptions from the fieldwork mentioned above.

University of Huddersfield | International admissions officer | 08/2009 to 09/2011.

Conference Presentations

  • Forthcoming: 'Prosecutors in pursuit of the public interest: Challenges across jurisdictions' (with A. Woolley, University of Calgary), Regulation of Legal and Judicial Services conference (invitation only), Fordham Law School (New York City), 7-8 December 2017. This presentation will ultimately lead to the publication of an article in a winter 2018 volume of the Fordham International Law Journal.

  • 'Reviewing Police Investigations in the Prosecutor's Office', Socio-Legal Studies Association (SLSA) Annual Conference, Lancaster University, 5-7 April 2016.

  • 'Prosecution Policy, Centralisation and Professional Discretion', SLSA Annual Conference, University of Warwick, 31 March-2 April 2015.

  • 'Understanding the Sentencing Process in France' (with J. Hodgson), Comparative Sentencing Policies and Practices Workshop, Bologna, Italy, 16-18 October 2014 (organised by the Robina Institute for Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, University of Minnesota Law School).

  • 'Plea bargaining in a context of budget cuts - The example of England and Wales', Pre-Session for Young Scholars to the Conference 'Criminal Justice and Discretionary Justice', 5th conference on The Future of Adversarial and Inquisitorial Systems, Ravenna, Italy, 16-18 May 2013.

  • 'Prosecutors and Democratic Accountability', Not Just Law, 1st Warwick Law School Conference, University of Warwick, UK, 5-6 July 2012.

Competence and Skills

Web/social media communication and organisation of research events
  • Helped design and managed website for the Criminal Justice Centre (CJC) and the interdisciplinary Centre for Operational Police Research (COPR), School of Law, University of Warwick.

  • Created and managed the CJC Twitter account.

  • Publicised the 'Access to Counsel' conference organised by the CJC in May 2015 on the website, created and managed on-line registration form for delegates in coordination with the Law School's research administrator and CJC director.

  • In coordination with the research administrator, liaised with external speakers invited to give a research seminar to CJC members and helped organise the events (room booking, catering, etc.).

Language skills
  • French - native speaking ability, French family and schooled in France.

  • English - fluent speaking ability, full-time resident in the UK since 2008, full-time employment at a UK institution from 2009 and full-time study at a UK university since 2011.

  • German - good speaking ability, one-year study in Germany in 2005-2006.

IT skills
  • Research software: Zotero, Nvivo 10.
  • Enterprise Resource Planning: SITS:Vision (student- and course-management software), Agresso (Finance software).

Funding and Awards

  • ESRC Doctoral Studentship (2011-2015)

  • Successfully applied for £13,000 funding from the Warwick ESRC Impact Acceleration Account for the research project 'An Evaluation of "No Appeal" Applications to the CCRC' (2016-2017).

Professional memberships

  • Associate Fellow of the Higher Education Academy
  • Socio-Legal Studies Association
  • Society of Legal Scholars

Referees

  • Professor Jacqueline Hodgson, University of Warwick, PhD supervisor
  • Professor Andrew Ashworth, University of Oxford, PhD examiner
  • Ms Solange Mouthaan, University of Warwick, PhD examiner and teaching mentor.