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Markus Wagner



Associate Professor


School of Law
University of Warwick
Tel: +44 24 7652 3090

Research Interests

Professor Wagner teaches and writes in the areas of international law, constitutional law and comparative law. His recent scholarship has focused on the development of autonomous weaponry and its compatibility with international humanitarian law and various aspects of international economic law. The latter includes work on second and third generation barriers to trade (including measures to regulate toxicity and other public health measures) as well as comparisons between the global trade and investment regimes. His work has appeared or is forthcoming in the Journal of World Trade, the Harvard Journal of International Law, the University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Law, the Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, and the Fordham International Law Journal.


Professor Wagner joined Warwick Law School in 2016 from the University of Miami. He graduated from the Faculty of Law at the University of Giessen in 2002 and a master's degree in international law in 2005. From 2002 to 2005, he worked at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law in Heidelberg, during which time he also served as legal counsel for the Permanent Mission of Germany to the United Nations in New York. In 2006, he graduated from Stanford Law School with an LL.M. degree. Professor Wagner subsequently clerked for then-President of the Supreme Court of Israel Aharon Barak and starting in 2007 worked for the Brussels office of WilmerHale. Professor Wagner currently serves as the Associate Editor for the Journal of World Investment and Trade (JWIT) and sits on the advisory boards of the International Journal of Law in Context and Göttingen Journal of International Law (GoJIL). In addition, he is Secretary of the Executive Council of the Society of International Economic Law (SIEL) and a past co-chair of the Junior International Law Scholars Association (JILSA). Professor Wagner has advised international organizations and has presented at academic conferences in the areas of autonomous weapons under international law and international economic law. He was recently appointed as Visiting Research Fellow at the Mandela Institute at the Oliver Schreiner School of Law, University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg. He has held visiting professor positions at the Universidad Externado de Colombia in Bogota, the Universidad Los Andes in Bogota, the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and Public International Law in Heidelberg, the Center for Teaching and Research of WTO Disputes at the Southwest University of Political Science and Law in Chongqing and the law faculties at the University of New South Wales in Sidney, the University of Leipzig, the University of Hamburg and the Fundacao Getulio Vargas in Sao Paulo.


  • Wagner, Markus, 2016. The future of combat? Autonomous weapon systems as a challenge for international law. Vereinte Nationen, 64 (2), pp. 73-78, View
  • Wagner, Markus, 2016. Law talk v. science talk : the languages of law and science in WTO proceedings. Fordham International Law Journal, 35 (1), pp. 151-200, View
  • Wagner, Markus, 2014. Regulatory space in International Trade Law and International Investment Law. University of Pennsylvania. Journal of International Law, 36 (1), pp. 1-88, View
  • Wagner, Markus, 2014. The dehumanization of International Humanitarian Law : legal, ethical, and political implications of autonomous weapon systems. Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, 47 (5), pp. 1371-1424, View
  • Wagner, Markus, 2014. WTO Law and the right to regulate : China – rare earths. ASIL Insights, 18 (10), View
  • Wagner, Markus, 2012. Taking interdependence seriously : the need for a reassessment of the precautionary principle in international trade law. Cardozo Journal of International and Comparative Law, 20, pp. 713-770, View
  • Wagner, Markus, 2012. Conceptualizing the shapeshifting nature of investment law(yers). Harvard International Law Journal, 54, pp. 38-58, View
  • Wagner, Markus, 2012. Beyond the drone debate : autonomy in tomorrow's battlespace. American Society of International Law Proceedings, 106, pp. 80-84, View
  • Wagner, Markus, 2011. Transnational legal communication : a partial legacy of Supreme Court President Aharon Barak. Tulsa Law Review, 47, pp. 437-463, View
  • Wagner, Markus, 2011. Taking humans out of the loop : implications for international humanitarian law. Journal of Law Information and Science, 21, View
  • Wagner, Markus, 2010. Corporate criminal liability : national and international responses. Commonwealth Law Bulletin, 25 (2), pp. 600-608, View
  • Von Bogdandy, Armin, Wagner, Markus, 2005. The development of the WTO – remarks on the Sutherland Report. International Organizations Law Review, 2 (1), pp. 167-176, View
  • Von Bogdandy, Armin, Wagner, Markus, 2005. The "Sutherland report" on WTO reform - a critical appraisal. World Trade Review, 4 (3), pp. 439-447, View
  • Wagner, Markus, 2003. The ICC and its jurisdiction - myths, misperceptions and realities. Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law Online, 7 (1), pp. 409-502, View
  • Wagner, Markus, 2003. Die wirtschaftlichen Massnahmen des Sicherheitsrates nach dem 11. September 2001 im völkerrechtlichen Kontext : von Wirtschaftssanktionen zur Wirtschaftsgesetzgebung?. Zeitschrift für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht, 63, pp. 879-920, View
  • Wagner, Markus, 2000. Das erste Jahr der UNMIK : Die Organisation der Zivilverwaltung im Kosovo. Vereinte Nationen, 48 (4), pp. 132-138, View
Books and Chapters
  • Wagner, Markus, 2017. Interpreting the SPS Agreement : navigating risk, scientific evidence and regulatory autonomy. In: Lester, Simon; Mercurio, Bryan; (ed.), Research Handbook on WTO Dispute Settlement: , Edward Elgar Publishing, View
  • Wagner, Markus, 2016. Autonomous weapon systems. In: Wolfrum, Rüdiger; (ed.), The Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, View
  • Wagner, Markus, 2015. Unmanned aerial vehicles. In: Wolfrum, Rüdiger; (ed.), The Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, View
  • Wagner, Markus, 2014. Unmanned aerial vehicles. In: null; (ed.), Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, View
  • Wagner, Markus, 2013. International standards. In: Epps, Tracey; Trebilcock, Michael J.; (ed.), Research Handbook on the WTO and Technical Barriers to Trade, Cheltenham, UK ; Northampton, MA, USA, Edward Elgar, pp. 238-279, View
  • Wagner, Markus, 2013. Autonomy in the battlespace : independently operating weapon systems and the law of armed conflict. In: Saxon, Dan; (ed.), International Humanitarian Law and the Changing Technology of War, Leiden, Brill ; Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, pp. 99-122, View
  • Wagner, Markus, 2008. Temple of Preah Vihear Case. In: Wolfrum, Ru¨diger; (ed.), The Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law, New York, Oxford University Press, View
  • Wagner, Markus, 2004. Country Report on Canada. In: Walter, C.; Vöneky, S.; Roeben, V.; Schorkopf, F.; (ed.), Terrorism as a Challenge for National and International Law : Security versus Liberty?: , Springer, View
  • Wagner, Markus International (criminal) law aspects of autonomous weapon systems. In: Groppe, Walter; (ed.), Gießener Gedächtnisschrift für Günter Heine: , View
  • Wagner, Markus, 2012. Legal perspectives and regulatory philosophies on natural monopolies in the United States and Germany, University of Miami, Working or Discussion paper, View
  • Wagner, Markus, 2010. Review of International trade regulation and the mitigation of climate change edited by Cottier, Thomas, Nartova, Olga and Bigdeli, Sadeq Z.. Global Trade and Customs Journal, Kluwer Law International, Book Review, View
  • Wagner, Markus, 2005. Review of Torture : a collection by Levinson, Sanford.. Deutsch-Amerikanische Juristenvereinigung Newsletter, Book Review, View
  • Wagner, Markus, 2003. The justification of torture -some remarks on Alan M. Dershowitz's 'Why Terrorism Works'. German Law Journal, German Law Journal, pp. 515-526, Journal Item, View

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