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Reports on the Impact of Public Spending Cuts on Different Disadvantaged Groups within the UK

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This page lists reports which analyse the impact of public spending cuts and welfare reforms on different groups of people across different areas of the UK. For ease of navigation the reports have been divided into three main categories based on the focus of their findings.

A) REPORTS EXPLORING THE IMPACT OF WELFARE REFORM AND PUBLIC SPENDING CUTS ON DIFFERENT GEOGRAPHIC AREAS.

1. Reports on the impacts of public spending cuts across the whole of the UK

2. Reports on the impacts of public spending cuts on Scotland

3. Reports on the impacts of public spending cuts on Wales

4. Reports on the impacts of public spending cuts on Northern Ireland

5. Reports on the impacts of public spending cuts on different UK areas

B) REPORTS EXPLORING THE IMPACT OF SPECIFIC WELFARE REFORMS.

6. Reports exploring the impacts of Benefit Sanctions

7. Reports exploring the impacts of Universal Credit

8. Reports exploring the impacts of the removal of the Spare Room Subsidy (Bedroom Tax)

9. Reports exploring the impacts of wider changes to Housing Benefit

10. Reports exploring the impacts of Personal Independent Payments (PIP)

11. Reports exploring the impacts of Employment Support Allowance (ESA) and Work Capability Assessments (WCA)

12. Reports on the impacts of other welfare reforms

C) REPORTS EXPLORING THE IMPACT OF WELFARE REFORM AND PUBLIC SPENDING CUTS ON DIFFERENT GROUPS.

13. Reports on the impacts of public spending cuts and welfare reform on women

14. Reports on the impacts of public spending cuts and welfare reform on older people

15. Reports on the impacts of public spending cuts and welfare reform on disabled people and carers

16. Reports on the impacts of public spending cuts and welfare reform on BAME (Black, Asian, Minority Ethnic) people

17.Reports on the impacts of public spending cuts on children and young people

If you are planning an impact assessment of the spending cuts you can access guides and toolkits for impact assessments along with a range of resources here.

If you have any suggestions for further reports please email the page contact (details at bottom of page).

A. REPORTS EXPLORING THE IMPACT OF WELFARE REFORM AND PUBLIC SPENDING CUTS ON DIFFERENT GEOGRAPHIC AREAS.

1. Reports on the impacts of public spending cuts across the whole of the UK

Organisation(s) Report Name and Authors Description
University of York (York law School)

Shifting the Place of Social Security: Welfare Reform and Social Rights under the Coalition Government’s Austerity Programme by Jed Meers (2015)

The report looks at the interface between government aims and the social security system which has shifted and is continually shifting the way in which those claiming benefits are conceptualised and managed.
Joseph Rowntree Foundation

‘The cost of the cuts: the impact on local government and poorer communities’ by Annette Hastings et al (2015)

Report providing an up to date picture of the scale and distribution of cuts to local council budgets. Four local council case studies are used to identify the impact of public spending cuts on services and their users.
Oxfam Multiple cuts for the poorest families by Hannah Aldridge & Tom Mcinnes (2014) This report looks at how many of the poorest families have been affected by one or more of the benefit cuts to date.
Department for Work & Pensions Benefit Cap: Analysis of outcomes of capped claimants by Kirandip Kaur et al (2014) Report into historical trends of the benefit cap, on-flows and off-flows and average loss for households. The report also looks at moves into work and probability of moving house for capped households compared to a similar group with benefits income just under the cap level
Centre for Welfare Reform 'Counting the Cuts: What the Government Doesn't Want the Public to Know' by Dr Simon Duffy (2014). Report on behalf of the Campaign for a Fair Society demonstrating how public spending cuts can unfairly impact people in poverty and disabled people.
National Association of Welfare Rights Advisors "NAWRA Welfare Reform Changes Chart" (2014) Resource table detailing changes to welfare refrom prior to April 2013, changes to welfare which have taken place post April 2013, and forthcoming changes which are yet to take effect.
Centre for Regional Economic and Social Research, Sheffield Hallum University 'Hitting the Poorest Placed Hardest: The Local and Regional Impact of Welfare Reform' by Christina Beatty and Steve Fothergill (2013).
Report looking at how the impacts that reforms and cuts will have vary largely from place to place and what this impact will be in different places accross the UK, suggesting that some places are being disproportionately impacted by the cuts. Contains a series of heatmaps and figures to show what areas of the UK are most affected by different types of cuts.
NatCen & Unison 'Implications of Austerity for LGBT People and Services' by Martin Mitchell, Kelsey Beninger, Nilufer Rahim and Sue Arthur (2013). Report analysing the impact of the cuts on LGBT people and services users, as well as service delivery and providers. It also discusses reponses to the cuts to services used by LGBT people.
Demos 'Health in Austerity' edited by Claudia Wood (2013). Report looking at the impact of austerity measures on health inequalities.
Local Government Association & Centre for Economic and Social Inclusion 'The Local Impacts of Welfare Reform: An Assessment of Cumulative Impacts and Mitigations' by Tony Wilson, Gareth Morgan, Afzal Rahman and Lovedeep Vaid (2013).

Report looking at the cumulative local impact of benefit reforms since the Coalition Governement took office.

Compass 'Social Security for All: The Renewal of the Welfare State' (2013).
Briefing which provides statistics on cuts to social security and guidance for activists on how to re-frame the debate.
Joseph Rowntree Foundation 'Coping With the Cuts? Local Government and Poorer Communities' by Annette Hastings, Nick Bailey, Kirsten Besemer, Glen Bramley, Maria Gannon and David Watkins (2013). Report looking at the scale of local government cuts and their impact on deprived communities.
Joseph Rowntree Foundation 'Serving deprived communities in a recession' by Annette Hastings, Glen Bramley, Nick Bailey and David Watkins (2012). Report looking at how budget cuts will affect the capacity of local government to meet the needs of more deprived households and communities.
Oxfam 'The Perfect Storm: Economic stagnation, the rising cost of living, public spending cuts, and the impact on UK poverty' (2012).
Report analysing the impacts which spending cuts are having on the poorest people within the UK.
Liverpool Public Health Observatory 'Assessing the Impact of the Economic Downturn on Health and Wellbeing' by Lyn Winters, Sharon McAteer and Alex Scott-Samuel (2012). Report on the health impact of the economic downturn and spending cuts.
Unison 'The Cuts Aren't Working: We Need a Fair Alternative to Save Jobs and Build a Fairer Future' (2012). Short Brief about some of the impacts that spending cuts are having, particularly in relation to job losses.
Shelter 'The Impact of Welfare Reform Bill Measures on Affordability for Low Income Private Renting Families' by Sam Lister, Liam Reynolds & Kate Webb (2011). Research report research which looks at how welfare reform may affect the supply of affordable homes for families renting privately in the short and long term.
The Institute of Fiscal Studies 'The Distributional Effect of Tax and Benefit Reforms to be Introduced Between June 2010 and April 2014: a Revised Assessment' by James Browne and Peter Levell (2010). Report looking at how a number of tax and benefit changes planned since 2010 will be more likely to have a negative impact on the poorer half of the UK population that the richer half.
Employment Research Institute, Edinburgh Napier University 'The Impact of reduced public services spending on vulnerable groups – review of UK and international evidence' by Ronald McQuaid, Valerie Egdell and Emma Hollywood (2010). Review and summary of UK and international evidence on the impact of reduced spending on equalities groups. Report examined 3 potential effects of spending cuts: job losses in the public sector; access to the types of public services that are funded by the Scottish Government (which may have impacts on service provision and on contractors in the private or third sectors); and welfare and tax issues that are reserved to the UK government (and hence are of less likely to be of interest to the Scottish Government).
Charity Finance Group 'Public Funding Cuts in the Third Sector: Scale and Implications' by Antonis Papasolomontos and Kate Hand (2009). Report predicting the effects that cuts will have to charities and local authorities.
Unison 'Cuts to Local Services.' Resource containing news articles, facts, resources and stories all involving cuts that are happening to local services in the UK.


2. Reports on the impacts of public spending cuts and welfare reform on Scotland

Organisation(s) Report Name and Authors Description
Joseph Rowntree Foundation ‘Monitoring Poverty and social exclusion in Scotland’ by Peter Kenway et al (2015) Report examing the rise in poverty and social exclusion in Scotland, including an examination of the widening gap between means tested benefits and minimum income standards, and the rise and impact of Job Seeker Allowance sanctions.
Centre for Regional Economic and Social Research, Sheffield Hallam University ‘The Cumulative Impact of Welfare Reform on Households in Scotland’ by Christina Beatty and Steve Fothergill (2015) Report documenting the cumulative impact of welfare reforms on households across Scotland.
The Institute for Research and Innovation in Social Services, and Coalition of Care and Support Providers in Scotland ‘The impact of welfare reform on third sector
care and support services in Scotland’ by Gregory White (2014)
Research project looking at how Scotland’s third sector care and support workforce has been affected by welfare reforms.
Joseph Rowntree Foundation "Assessing the social and community risks of council spending cuts in Scotland" by Darinka Asenova and Bill Stein (2014) Paper examining the challenges faced by Scottish councils when presented with the need to reduce expenditure on services in line with UK public spending cuts.
Scottish Government Social Research, Edinburgh Napier University, University of Stirling "The impact of welfare reform in Scotland-tracking study: Interim Report to the Scottish Government on 1st sweep of interviews" by Dr Billie Lister et al (2014) Study using a longitudinal qualitative methodology to assess the impact of on-going welfare changes on a range
of households in Scotland.
Scottish Government Social Research, Edinburgh Napier University, University of Stirling "The Impact of Welfare Reform in Scotland – Tracking Study: Year 1 Report"by Billie Lister et al (2014)
Report exploring the the findings from the first two sweeps of interviews from a study on the impact of on-going welfare changes for a range of households in Scotland.
Centre for Regional Economic and Social Research, Sheffield Hallam University “The Impact of Welfare Reform on Scotland-5th Report” by Christina Beatty and Steve Fothergill (2014). Follow on from previous session four reports, examining how welfare reform policies are affecting Scotland and Scottish people.
Centre for Regional Economic and Social Research, Sheffield Hallam University 'The Impact of Welfare Reform on Scotland-2nd Report' by Christina Beatty and Steve Fothergill (2013). Report looking specifically how welfare reform policies are affecting Scotland and Scottish people.
Joseph Rowntree Foundation 'Managing the Social Risks of Public Spending Cuts in Scotland' by Darinka Asenova, Stephen J. Bailey and Claire McCann (2013). Report looking at the extent of recognition and management of risk to vulnerable and disadvantaged groups by Scottish local government in the implementation of austerity measures.
Joseph Rowntree Foundation 'Monitoring Poverty and Social Exclusion in Scotland' (2013).
Summary of findings from the New Policy Institute and analysis of data on poverty and exclusion in Scotland.
Citizens Advice Scotland 'A Tidal Wave of Change: The Impact of Benefit Reforms, Changes and Cuts on People and Families in Scotland' by Keith Dryburgh (2013). Contains a large section looking at how benefit reforms will affect disabled people in Scotland.


3. Reports on the impacts of public spending cuts and welfare reform on Wales

Organisation(s) Report Name and Authors Description
Citizens Advice Cymru "One day at a time: examining the cumulative impact of welfare reform on benefit claimants in Wales" (2014) Report based on evidence from the Citizens Advice Bureaux network in Wales and bespoke qualitative research commissioned by Citizens Advice Cymru, exploring experiences of the recent benefit changes in Wales.
Centre for Regional Economic and Social Research, Sheffield Hallam University "The impact of welfare reform on the Valleys" by Christina Beatty and Steve Fothergill (2014) A report commissioned by the Industrial Communities Alliance (Wales) examining the impact that major welfare reforms have had on the Valleys.
Welsh Government “Analysing the impact of the Uk Government's welfare reforms in Wales -Stage 3 analysis Part 2: Impacts in local authority areas" (2014) Second part of the final stage of research, assessing the impacts of the welfare reforms on local authority areas in Wales.
Welsh Government “Analysing the impact of the UK Government's welfare reforms in Wales -Stage 3 analysis Part 1: Impacts on those with protected characteristics" (2013) First part of the final stage of research, assessing the impacts of the welfare reforms on those with protected characteristics such as gender, age, disabilities race and ethnicity within Wales.
Cuts Watch Cymru “Impact of welfare reform on fuel poverty in Wales” (2013) Report highlighting the impact that welfare reform is likely to have on fuel poverty in Wales, including recommendations on what can be done to mitigate these impacts.
House of Commons Welsh Affairs Committee 'The impact of housing benefit changes in Wales' (2013). Report considering what the impact of housing benefit changes in Wales will be.
Joseph Rowntree Foundation 'Poverty and Ethnicity in Wales' by Duncan Holtom, Ian Bottrill and Jack Watkins (2013).  Report comsidering the relationship between poverty and ethnicity in Wales including analysis of access to public services.
National Assembly for Wales 'Quick Guide. Welfare in Wales Series: Impact of Reforms' (2011). Summary of the impacts that some of the recent welfare reforms are to have on people living in Wales.
Cuts Watch Cymru 'Wales on the Edge' (2011). An overview of current and predicted impacts of welfare reforms on communities across Wales.


4. Reports on the impacts of public spending cuts and welfare reform on Northern Ireland

Organisation(s) Report Name and Author Description
Joseph Rowntree Foundation 'Poverty and Ethnicity in Northern Ireland: An Evidence Review' by Alison Wallace, Ruth McAreavey and Karl Atkin (2013).  Report looking at the relationship between poverty and ethnicity in Northern Ireland, including analysis of access to public services.

Centre for Regional Economic and Social Research, Sheffield Hallam University

“The Impact of Welfare Reform on Northern Ireland” by Christina Beatty and Steve Fothergill (2013).

Report commissioned by the Northern Ireland Council for Voluntary Action examining the impact of welfare reforms on Northern Ireland specifically.

Equality Commission for Northern Ireland and Edinburgh Napier University

'Employment Inequalities in an Economic Downturn' by Ron McQuaid, Emma Hollywood and Jesus Canduela (2010).

Research report on the impact of the economic downturn on the employment status and prospects across equality grounds in Northern Ireland.


5. Reports on the impacts of public spending cuts and welfare reform on different UK areas

Organisation(s) Report Name and Authors Area Description
Centre for Economic and Social Inclusion ‘The impacts of welfare reform on residents in Brighton and Hove’ by Jane Colechin, John Griffiths and Tony Wilson (2015) Brighton and Hove Report commissioned by Brighton & Hove City Council and based around interviews, surveys, workshops and focus groups, examining the impact of welfare reforms on local residents.
Centre for Economic and Social Inclusion ‘The impacts of welfare reform on residents in Tower Hamlets’ by Pippa Lane, Afzal Rahman and Tony Wilson (2014) London Report looking into the financial impacts of welfare reforms on communities within Tower Hamlets, noting that impacts are within the top 10% in the UK, with over 40,600 households being negatively affected.
Centre for Economic and Social Inclusion ‘The impacts of welfare reform in Oxford’ by Malen Davies and Tony Wilson (2014) Oxford
Research commissioned by Oxford City Council into the impact of welfare reforms on local residents, including a look at the disproportionate effect of welfare reforms on single earner households, lone parent families and disabled individuals.
Centre for Regional Economic and Social Research, Sheffield Hallam University ‘The impact of welfare reform on communities and households in Sheffield’ by Christina Beatty and Steve Fothergill (2014) Sheffield Report documenting the impact of welfare reform on Sheffield, including an examination of the uneven impact across the city within different wards.
Community Links “Tipping the balance? A qualitative study on the cumulative impacts of welfare reform in the London Borough of Newham" by Ellie Roberts and Luke Price (2014) Newham Qualitative research into the impact of welfare reforms in Newham, warning that the cumulative impact of welfare reform is failing to help and pushing people further away from employment.
Employment Research Institute, Edinburgh Napier University, University of Stirling

“Exploring the impacts of the UK government’s welfare reforms on lone parents moving into work" by Dr Helen Graham and Ronald McQuaid (2014) plus literature review: "Exploring the challenges and opportunities facing lone parents Literature Review" by Dr Helen Graham and Ronald McQuaid (2014)

Glasgow Report focussing on how welfare reforms have affected lone parents in receipt of JSA and lone parents resident in Glasgow who are moving into work, plus corresponding literature review.
Centre for Regional Economic and Social Research, Sheffield Hallam University “Seaside Towns in the Age of Austerity” by Christina Beatty, Steve Fothergill and Tony Gore (2014) Coastal Towns Research commissioned by British Destinations investigating to what extent the number of jobs supported by tourism in Britain's seaside towns have suffered in an age of austerity since the recession.
Involve Yorkshire and Humber "Action Trackers: Holes in the safety net" (2014) Yorkshire and Humber Report examining the impact of welfare reforms on people and communities in Yorkshire and Humber.
New Economics Foundation 'Surviving Austerity: Local Voices and Local Actions in England's Poorest Neighbourhoods.' By Julia Slay and Joe Penny (2013).  England Report addressing the effects of public spending cuts and welfare reform across some of the poorer areas of England.
UCL Institute of Health Equity 'The Impact of the Economic Downturn and Welfare Reforms in Coventry, the Effect on Population Health, and Recommendations for Mitigation' by Ellen Bloomer and Angela Donkin with Kate O'Hara (2013).(PDF Document) Coventry Report looking at the health effects of changes to employment, income and housing due to the economic downturn and welfare reform in Coventry, and outlining recommendations to mitigate these effects.
Newcastle City Council 'Fair Choices for Tough Times: Cumulative Impact Assessment' (2013). Newcastle A cumulative impact assessment of how spending cuts are to affect services and people in Newcastle.
London Councils 'Equality in London: London local authorities delivering best practice' (2013).
London Report outlining equality assessments in various London boroughs and their impact.
The Smith Institute 'Public Services North - Time for a New Deal' (2013). Northern England Report focusing on three Northern English regions- North East, North West and Yorkshire and Humber - and assessing why public spending cuts hit the North harder.
Centre for Welfare Reform 'A consultation examining the impact of welfare reforms on people in the North East of England' (2013) North East England Report based on focus groups and a qualitative and quantative questionare, detailing user's within the North East of England experiences and perspectives of welfare reforms.
London Irish Centre, Lasa, Irish in Britain ‘The Cost of Change: the Impact of Welfare Reform on the Irish
Community in London’ by Jeff Moore, Paul Treloar and Jennie McShannon (2012)
London Report looking at how areas of Irish settlement within London such as Haringey, Brent and Ealing will be impacted heavily by welfare reforms, and how the bedroom tax will disproportionately affect Irish people between 50 and 64 living in London.
Centre for Local Economic Strategies 'The Cumulative Impact of Welfare Reform' by Matthew Jackson and Stephanie Nixon (2012). Manchester Briefing paper using research with Manchester City Council to look at the impact of welfare reform and how local authorities should respond.
University of Sunderland, Centre for Children, Young People and Families 'Localism or Pulling the Plug on Public Services? Consequences of Austerity for the Third Sector in the North East' by Catherine Donovan, John Clayton & Jacqui Merchant (2012). North East England Report on the effects of austerity on the third sector in the North East of England by looking at three main policy areas: public spending cuts, localism and the Big Society.
Child Action Poverty Group and LASA 'Between a Rock and a Hard Place: The Early Impacts of Welfare Reform on London' by Kate Bell and Paul Treloar (2012). London Report looking at the various changes to welfare benefits and the affects that are starting to occur as a result within London.
UCL Institute of Health Equity 'The Impact of Economic Downturn and Policy Changes on Health Inequalities in London' (2012). London The report looks at the impact of the economic downturn and the government’s welfare reforms on health inequalities in London to 2016, with a particular focus on the employment, income and housing impacts of the changes.
Voluntary and Community Action for London 'The Big Squeeze 2012: Surviving but not Thriving' (2012). London Report on the Big Squeeze survey, a snapshot of the current impact the economic and policy climate is having on the voluntary and community sector in London and the people that use their services.
The Young Foundation 'An Insight into the Impact of the Cuts on Some of the Most Vulnerable in Camden' by Mhairi Aylott, Will Norman, Catherine Russell and Vicki Sellick (2012). Camden Report looking at how different groups of individuals in the Camden area of London have been affected by public spending cuts.
New Economics Foundation 'Everyday insecurity: Life at the end of the welfare state' by Joe Penny and Julia Slay (2012). Birmingham and Haringey Study of how people are experiencing the cumulative impact of welfare reform and public sector cuts in a time of recession and what alternative strategies might do more to improve people’s quality of life and their access to support and well-being.
Newcastle City Council 'A Fair Budget for a Fairer City: Assessing the Equality Impact of Newcastle City Council’s 2012 Budget Proposals' (2012). Newcastle Overview of Newcastle City Council’s initial assessment of the 2012 budget proposal's impact on equalities and fairness within the city.
Wakefield Poverty and Prosperity Commission Better Futures for All: Report of the Wakefield Poverty and Prosperity Commission (2012). Wakefield Report which makes recommendations about health and wellbeing in Wakefield, with a particular focus on post 16 skills and education, as well as regeneration and employment, in the context of the economic downturn and public spending cuts.
Manchester Metropolitan University Community Audit and Evaluation Centre Community North West 'Surviving, Thriving or Dying - Resilience and Small Community Groups in the North West of England' by Eve Davidson and Carol Packham (2012). North West England Research carried out as part of the Taking Part Capacity Building Research Cluster between July 2011 - February 2012 looking at the voluntary and community sector and how cuts to funding and the economic downturn are affecting this sector.
Regional Equality and Diversity Partnership (REDP) 'Report on the Impact of the Government Cuts on Voluntary and Community Sector in the East Midlands Region' (2012). The East Midlands Report highlighting the impact of the Government cuts in the East Midlands region, particularly on the voluntary and community sector organisations.
Public Health Lewisham Lewisham Annual Public Health Report: Assessing the Impact of the Financial Crisis on Health and Wellbeing in Lewisham (2011-2012). Lewisham Report looking at the health impact of the economic downturn and spending cuts in Lewisham.
The Bill Sargent Trust – Centre for Regional Economic and Social Research – Sheffield Hallam University 'The Impact of Welfare Reform and Public Sector Spending Reductions on Low Income Households in Hampshire' (2011). Hampshire Report highlighting the number and characteristics of people in Hampshire who will be affected by current welfare reforms and public sector spending reductions.
Newcastle Council for Voluntary Services 'The State of the Sector – The continued impact off the economic downturn and public sector spending cuts on voluntary and community organisations in Newcastle upon Tyne' (2011). Newcastle Upon Tyne Research on the themes of public expenditure reductions, the role and capacity of the voluntary and community sector, and the possibility of conflicts with specific aspects of public service delivery.

Centre for Economic and Social Inclusion

“Making work pay in London under Universal Credit” (2011) London

Assessment into the likely impact of Universal Credit in London for a typical group of households.


B. REPORTS EXPLORING THE IMPACT OF SPECIFIC WELFARE REFORMS.

6. Reports exploring the impacts of Benefit Sanctions

Organisation(s) Report Name and Authors Description Specific or general focus?
Centre for Welfare Reform ‘Our Lives: challenging attitudes to poverty in 2015’ by Tricia Zipfel et al (2015) Report examining the harms caused by modern day poverty, including an examination of the impact of new welfare eligibility assessments and benefit sanctions. General
Centre for Regional Economic and Social Research, Sheffield Hallam University and Crisis ‘Benefit sanctions and homelessness: a scoping report’ by Christina Beatty, Mike Foden, Lindsey McCarthy and Kesia Reeve (2015) Report examining wider evidence and statistics (noting that there is a gap in robust data on the actual number of homeless people who are sanctioned) to conclude that homeless people may be disproportionately affected by benefit sanctions. Focus on homeless individuals
The Child Poverty Action Group, Church of England, Oxfam GB, and the Trussell Trust ‘Emergency Use Only. Understanding and reducing the use of food banks in the UK’ by Jane Perry, Martin Williams, Tom Sefton and Moussa Haddad (2014) Study examining the factors that prompt the usage of food banks, finding that between half and two thirds of participants included in the research resorted to using a food bank because of benefit reduction, delayed benefit payment or a benefit sanction. Study concludes that the rise in food bank usage has been caused by social security failings. General
Oxfam ‘How Effective are Benefits Sanctions? An investigation into the effectiveness of the post-2012 sanctions regime for Jobseeker's Allowance claimants’ by Howard Reed (2014) Report analysing the effectiveness of benefit sanctions in terms of whether they decrease unemployment rates by encouraging claimants to seek work. Report concludes by finding that benefit sanctions have not had a positive effect on increasing employment rates. General
Joseph Rowntree Foundation "Welfare Sanctions and Conditionality in the UK" by Beth Watts et al (2014) Summary report considering how effective welfare conditionality is, what the impacts are, how different groups fare, and to what extent welfare conditionality and sanctions can be morally justified. General
Making Every Adult Matter “Evidence from the frontline. How policy changes are affecting people experiencing multiple needs” (2014) Interim report from the Voices from the Frontline Project, highlighting the damage welfare reforms have caused to people with multiple needs and how the introduction of benefit sanctions has been the most negative aspect of welfare reforms for this group. Individuals with multiple needs
Making Every Adult Matter "'Voices from the frontline' Listening to people with multiple needs and those who support them" (2014) Report from the Voices from the Frontline Project, highlighting the negative impact of welfare reform, in particular benefit sanctions have had on adults with the most complex and multiple needs. Individuals with multiple needs
Gingerbread ‘Single parents and benefit sanctions’ (2014) Report looking at how the use of sanctions within the job seeker’s allowance scheme has affected single parents seeking or preparing for work, and their children. Single Parent Families
YMCA "Signed on and Sanctioned" (2014) Report focussing on the view of vulnerable young people with regards to benefit sanctions. Young People
Centre for Social and Economic Inclusion

"Lone parent sanctions: a review of international evidence" Dan Finn and Jo Casebourne (2013) Briefing considering the design, implementation and impact of benefit sanctions, with a particular focus on the experience of lone parents who are subject to employment related activity requirements. Single Parent Families
Manchester CAB 'Punishing Poverty? A Review of Benefits Sanctions and Their Impact on Clients and Claimants' (2013). Review of the changes to the benefits sanctions system and the impact of new measures on deprived people. General


7. Reports exploring the impacts of Universal Credit

Organisation(s) Report Name and Authors Description Specific or general focus?
Citizens Advice Bureau ‘Rebalancing universal credit: making it work for everyone’ (2015) Analysis of the impact of the universal credit system on different groups, with a specific look at the effects on low income parents and disabled people. Low income families and disabled people
Citizen's Advice Bureau "Rebalancing Universal Credit: Making it work for disabled people" (2014) Report focussing on support available for disabled people under universal credit. Disabled People
YMCA “Uninformed and Underprepared” (2014) Report focussing on vulnerable young people's views on the welfare reforms, in particular examining how they feel the introduction of Universal Credit will impact on them Young People
Citizen's Advice Bureau "Pop goes the payslip: Making Universal Credit work for families" (2014) Report examining the effects of universal credit on working families. Working Families
Citizen's Advice Bureau "Childcare costs in Universal Credit: A better way to allocate the additional money committed in the 2013 budget" (2013) Paper analysing the effects of the government’s decision to increase funding for childcare in the Universal Credit system by an additional £200 million from 2016. Child Care
Joseph Rowntree Foundation 'Does Universal Credit Enable Households To Reach a Minimum Income Standard?' By Donald Hirsch and Yvette Hartfee (2013). Report examining how the switch to Universal Credit is going to impact some of the poorer families in the UK. General
Gingerbread 'Single Parents and Universal Credit: Singled Out?' (2012). Report looking at how single parents will be adversely affected by the switch to Universal Credit. Single Parents
Citizens Advice, Disability Rights UK and the Children's Society 'Holes in the Safety Net: The Impact of Universal Credit on Disabled People and their Families' (2012). Report summarising research produced on how the introduction of Universal Credit is going to have a negative impact on disabled people and their families. Disabled People
Citizens Advice Bureau 'Disability and Universal Credit' (2012). This briefing looks at four particular financial changes for disabled children, adults and their families, and considers how they will interact with the broader universal credit changes. Disabled People
Centre for economic and social inclusion and the Joseph Rowntree foundation "Implementing Universal Credit: Will the reforms improve the service for users?" by Amy Tarr and Dan Finn (2012) Report examining whether Universal Credit is likely to improve the service user’s experience of the social security system by addressing complexity and whether benefit reform is supported by quality employment support. General
Gingerbread 'Single Parents and Universal Credit: Singled Out?' (2012). Report looking at how single parents will be adversely affected by the switch to Universal Credit. Single Parents
Age UK "Age UK's Response to the Work and Pensions Committee Inquiry into progress towards implementation of Universal Credit" (2012) Consultation response examining the Pension Committee’s inquiry into progress towards implementation of Universal Credit, and the possible effects for older people. Older People
Child Action Poverty Group 'Universal Credit: The Gender Impact' (2011) Briefing looking at the impact which Universal Credit is likely to have on gender issues and gender equality in the UK. Women
Department of Work and Pensions “Universal Credit: equality impact assessment” (2011) Equality impact assessment about Universal Credit introduced under the Welfare Reform Act 2012. General
Citizens Advice Bureau 'Universal Credit: an exploration and key questions' (2011). In this document Citizens Advice provides a brief guide to Universal Credit and highlights some issues that we consider need to be resolved before judgement can be made about the fairness or otherwise of the Credit. General
Centre for Economic and Social Inclusion “Making work pay in London under Universal Credit” (2011) Assessment into the likely impact of Universal Credit in London for a typical group of households. London


8. Reports exploring the impacts of the removal of the Spare Room Subsidy (Bedroom Tax)

Organisation(s) Report Name and Authors Description Specific or general focus?
Department for Work and Pensions 'Evaluation of Removal of the Spare Room Subsidy Interim report' (2014) An interim report providing early findings from the evaluation of the impact of the Removal of the Spare Room Subsidy (Bedroom Tax). General
Joseph Rowntree Foundation “Housing benefit size criteria: impacts for social sector tenants and options for reform” by Steve Wilcox (2014) Research undertaken, examining the impact of the Housing Benefit size criteria otherwise known as the ‘spare room subsidy’ or ‘bedroom tax’ during its first year of operation. General
Papworth Trust 'Nowhere to Go, No Way to Pay: Applying the Bedroom Tax with Discretion' (2013). Report looking at why the bedroom tax is discriminatory and should not be applied against disabled people who need a spare bedroom. Disabled People
We Are Spartacus 'Closing the Door on The Law' by Susan McCafferty (2012). Report on the disproportionate impact that the Housing Benefit (Amendment) Regulations 2012 and the "Bedroom Tax" will have on chronically sick and disabled tenants. Disabled People
Mencap 'Housing for People with a Learning Disability' (2012). Report expressing concerns that proposed changes to housing benefit proposed in the Welfare Reform Act 2012 will adversely affect households containing a person with a learning disability who rely on spare bedrooms for care. Disabled People
We are Spartacus "Loaves and Fishes" by Susan McCafferty (2012) Response to the Government Consultation on Discretionary Housing Payments, focussing on the inadequacy of such payments to mitigate the impact of the 'bedroom tax' on sick and disabled housing benefit claimants in social housing. Disabled People


9. Reports exploring the impacts of wider changes to Housing Benefit

Organisation(s) Report Name and Authors Description Specific or general focus?
Citizens Advice Bureau  ‘Restricting access to Housing Benefit for young people - Citizens Impact Assessment’ (2015) A look at how removing automatic entitlements to Housing Benefit for young people will impact those leaving care, those with children of their own, and those estranged from their families. Argues that long term impacts may be costly and include increased homelessness, and disruption to employment/education. Vulnerable Young People
Department for Work & Pensions Post-implementation effects of the Benefit Cap (wave 2 survey) by Stephen Finlay & Lewis Hill (2014) Report highlighting key findings from a longitudinal telephone survey of capped households identified from the October 2013 Single Housing Benefit Extract (SHBE). This work examines the behavioural change over time on employment, finances and housing. General
Department for Work & Pensions Supporting households affected by the Benefit Cap: Impact on Local Authorities, local services and social landlords by Anna Clarke & Peter Williams (2014) This report highlights key findings from work in ten case study local authorities, including: interviews with local authority staff, local agencies and Housing Associations; a nationwide survey of social landlords; and consultation with major lenders to the Housing Association sector. General
Joseph Rowntree Foundation “The impact of welfare reform on social landlords and tenants” by Anne Power et al (2014) Research exploring how significant cuts to welfare spending are affecting social housing tenants and landlords. Report focuses on a number of benefits including the Housing Benefit size criteria, Council Tax Benefit, disability benefits, and Universal Credit. General
The National Housing Federation  'Intended and Unintended Consequences? A Case Study Survey of Housing Associations and Welfare Reforms' by Dr Peter Williams, Anna Clarke, and Christine Whitehead (2013) Report looking at case studies to analyse the impact of welfare reform on housing associations. General
The National Housing Federation "Impact of Housing Reforms on Housing Associations-2012 Baseline Report" by Dr Peter Williams, Anna Clarke, and Christine Whitehead (2013) Baseline report focussing on the initial perceptions of the impact of welfare reform on landlords prior to the introduction of welfare reform changes. General
Riverside Housing Group & Cambridge Centre for Housing and Planning Research 'Challenging Times, Changing Lives' (2013) Report which looks at the lives of 20 tenants and how they are affected by financial changes and welfare reform. General

UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights

 'Press Statement by the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Adequate Housing' (2013). An assessment of welfare reform and affordable housing in the UK by the UN Special Rapporteur on adequate housing. General
Cambridge Centre for Housing & Planning Research 'Under-occupation and Housing Benefit Reform: Four local case studies' by Anna Clarke (2012) Report looking at the impact of the proposed Housing Benefit reforms for under-occupying social tenants in four local case study areas. General
Department for Work and Pensions 'Housing Benefit: Size Criteria for People Renting in the Social Rented Sector' (2012). An equality impact assessment conducted to look at how many people will be affected by proposed changes to housing benefit and how different groups of people may be affected by the decision. General
Shelter 'The Impact of Welfare Reform Bill Measures on Affordability for Low Income Private Renting Families' by Sam Lister, Liam Reynolds & Kate Webb (2011). Research report research which looks at how welfare reform may affect the supply of affordable homes for families renting privately in the short and long term. Low Income private renting families
Cambridge Centre for Housing and Planning Research 'Under-occupation and the new policy framework A report to the Housing Futures Network As part of Facing the Future' by Anna Clarke and Peter Williams (2011) Report examining under-occupation within social housing, exploring in detail the implications of the proposed cuts to housing benefit that will affect under-occupiers of working age from April 2013. General
Chartered Institute of Housing 'Briefing Paper on the impact of forthcoming changes to
Housing Benefit and Local Housing Allowance' (2011).
This briefing is designed to give accurate and up to date information on the changes to benefit and local housing allowance. It will help you to plan how to assess and mitigate the impact of the changes for your own business and local area. General
Race Equality Foundation  'Housing Benefit and Welfare Reform: Impact of the Proposed Changes on BAME Communities' by Sue Beasor (2011). Briefing paper identifying the impact of welfare reform on BAME communities, with particular reference to housing benefit and universal credit. BAME communities
Department for Work and Pensions  'Impacts of Housing Benefit proposals: Changes to the Local Housing Allowance to be introduced in 2011-12' (2010). Report presenting the estimated impacts of changes to housing benefit, relating to local housing allowances which were introduced in 2011/2012. General
Age UK  "Age UK's Response to the Work and Pensions Committee Inquiry into changes to Housing Benefit" (2010) Consultation response rasing concern over reforms to housing benefit and the impact that they could have on the old and vulnerable. Older People
Shelter  'How will changes to Local Housing Allowance affect low-income tenants in private rented housing?' by Alex Fenton (2010). Report looking at the impacts that Local Housing Allowance changes will have on various different parties. General


10. Reports exploring the impacts of Personal Independent Payments (PIP)

Organisation(s) Report Name and Authors Description Specific or general focus?
Positive Action  ‘The Impact of the Welfare Reform on People Living with HIV in England: Summary Report’ (2014) Report based on a survey of 287 people diagnosed with HIV across England, looking at how PIP and ESA fail to address the psychological impact of HIV and the variable impact of the condition on day to day life. Those diagnosed with HIV
Papworth Trust  "Papworth Trust's response to the first independent review of Personal Independent Payments" (2014) Recommendations put forward by Papworth Trust in response to the first Independent Review of PIP. Disabled People
We Are Spartacus  'Emergency Stop: The Hidden Economic and Social Cost of Welfare Reform' (2013). Reporting looking at the negative impacts that changes to Disability Living Allowance are going to have on disabled people. Disabled People
We are Spartacus  "Mobility for all" by Sam Barnett-Cormack et al (2013) Community response to the Government consultation on the Mobility (Moving Around) criteria for PIP. Disabled People
Diary of a Benefit Scrounger  'Responsible Reform: A Report on the Proposed Changes to Disability Living Allowance' by S J Campbell (2012). Report looking at changes to the Disability Living Allowance and the likely affects it will have on disabled people. Disabled People
Department of Work and Pensions  "Disability Living Allowance Reform: Equality Impact Assessment"(2012) Equality impact assessment about the reform of Disability Living Allowance under the Welfare Reform Act 2012. Disabled People
We are Spartacus  "Together we shout" by Sam Barnett-Cormack et al (2012) Community Submission to the Government consultation on assessments for Personal Independence Payments. Disabled People
Papworth Trust  "Papworth Trust's response to the Disability Living Allowance reforms consultation" (2011) A written response highlighting issues surrounding the proposed reforms regarding DLA. Disabled People


11. Reports exploring the impacts of Employment Support Allowance (ESA) and Work Capability Assessments (WCA)

Organisation(s) Report Name and Authors Description Specific or general focus?
We are Spartacus  ‘Work Capability Assessment: deaths and suicides’ (2015) Report collating evidence from previous published findings, on the experience of sick and disabled individuals going through the new Work Capability Assessment who have died or have committed suicide. Sick and Disabled People
Centre for Welfare Reform  ‘Our Lives: challenging attitudes to poverty in 2015’ by Tricia Zipfel et al (2015) Report examining the harms caused by modern day poverty, including an examination of the impact of new welfare eligibility assessments. Disabled People
Demos  ‘Rethinking the Work Capability Assessment’ by Ben Baumberg, Jon Warren, Kayleigh Garthwaite, and Clare Bambra (2015) Report examining the failings of work capability assessments in the UK, which looks at the possibility of an alternative and fairer system based on assessing ‘real-world’ incapacity. Disabled People
Positive Action  ‘The Impact of the Welfare Reform on People Living with HIV in England: Summary Report’ (2014) Report based on a survey of 287 people diagnosed with HIV across England, looking at how PIP and ESA fail to address the psychological impact of HIV and the variable impact of the condition on day to day life. Those diagnosed with HIV
Papworth Trust  "Response by Papworth Trust to Dr Litchfield's 5th Review of the Work Capability Assessment (WCA)" (2014) Recommendations put forward by Papworth Trust in response to Dr Litchfield’s 5th review of WCA. Disabled People
Centre for Welfare Reform  ‘Assessing the Assessors’ by Rick Burgess et al (2014) Report based on 884 responses to an online questionnaire which have been used to gather disabled people’s experiences of the new Work Capability Assessments undertaken by private firm Atos. Disabled People
We are Spartacus  "Beyond the Barriers" (2014) Report investigating Employment Support Allowance, the Work Programme and recommendations for a new system of support. Disabled People
We are Spartacus  ‘The People's Review of WCA Further Evidence’ (2013) Follow up report to the ‘People’s Review of the Work Capability Assessment’ (2012), highlighting the continued failings and damaging effects of the Work Capability Assessment and Employment Support Allowance systems Disabled People
We are Spartacus  ‘Welfare that Works:
Employment and Support Allowance’ by Stef Benstead (2013)
Report considering recommendations to improve ESA, examining the most damaging aspects of ESA in the opinion of disabled claimants. A summary of alternative approaches to the assessment criteria and implementation are then offered. Disabled People
We are Spartacus  'The People's Review of the Work Capability Assessment' (2012). This report looks at how changes to the work capability assessment are affecting disabled people. The report includes the experiences of more than 70 claimants who have been "wrongly assessed, humiliated, badly treated and forced to go to tribunal to secure the benefits to which they are legally entitled". Disabled People
Citizens Advice Bureau  'Not Working: CAB Evidence on the ESA Work Capability Assessment' by Sue Royston (2010). Report showing results of monitoring that has taken place by Citizens Advice Bureau of the impact that the work capability assessment will have on disabled people and the concern that many people will suddenly be found fit for work. Disabled People


12. Reports on the impacts of other welfare reforms

Organisation(s) Report Name and Authors Description Specific or general focus?
Citizens Advice Bureau  ‘Lowering the benefit cap - Citizens Impact Assessment’ (2015) An investigation into the potential impacts of the government’s proposals to lower the benefit cap to £23,000 per year/per household, including a look at how the benefit cap will disproportionately affect those in areas with high rents, ethnic minorities and women. BAME and Women
Citizens Advice Bureau  'Out of Scope, Out of Mind: Who really loses from legal aid reform' (2012). A report looking at who will be affected by legal aid reforms and how they will be affected. General
Department of Work and Pensions  “Benefit cap: equality impact assessment” (2012) Equality impact assessment about the Benefit Cap introduced under the Welfare Reform Act 2012. General
National Council for Voluntary Organisations  'Counting the Cuts: The Impact of Spending Cuts on the UK Voluntary and Community Sector' by David Kane and James Allen (2011). Report assessing the impact of funding cuts on the voluntary and community sector. Voluntary Sector
Citizens Advice Bureau  'Saving Justice: Where Next for Legal Aid?' (2011). Report looking at the restrictions in legal aid's availability and legal aid reform. General
Manchester Mentoring and Befriending Foundation

"Funding for mentoring and befriending: impact of spending cuts on the survival and sustainability of projects across the UK" (2011)

Funding survey into the impact of the spending cuts on the survival and sustainability of mentoring and befriending projects across the UK. Mentoring and Befriending projects


C. REPORTS EXPLORING THE IMPACT OF WELFARE REFORM AND PUBLIC SPENDING CUTS ON DIFFERENT GROUPS

13. Reports on the impacts of public spending cuts and welfare reform on women

Organisation(s) Report Name and Author International, National or Regional Analysis Description
Engender, Close the Gap, Scottish Refugee Council, Scottish Women’s Aid, Scottish Women’s Convention and Zero Tolerance. “Gender and 'welfare reform” in Scotland: a joint position paper” (2014) Scotland Joint position paper on gender and welfare reform drawing together the multiple ways in which women are penalised by cuts to the benefits and tax credits system, and describing the gender inequality that accounts for these impacts.
UNISON "Counting the cost. How cuts are shrinking women's lives" (2014) National Report looking at how the cuts to council services will have a negative effect on the lives of women in particular.
Centre for Human Rights in Practice, Warwick Law School, Coventry Women's Voices, CEMAP and Foleshill Women's Training 'Layers of Inequality: A Human Rights and Equality Impact Assessment of the Public Spending Cuts on
Black Asian and Minority Ethnic Women in Coventry' by Kalwinder Sandhu, Mary-Ann Stephenson & James Harrison (2013).
Regional - Coventry A human rights and equality impact assessment looking at how various public spending cuts are affecting BAME women in the Coventry area.Regional - Coventry
Women's Budget Group 'The Impact on Women of Autumn Financial Statement' (2013). National Report on the Chancellor's plan for continued austerity and its impact on women in the UK.
Women's Budget Group 'To Ensure Economic Recovery for Women, we need Plan F' (2013). National A briefing showing how economic policies are negatively affecting women.
Women's Budget Group 'The Impact on Women of the Coalition Government's Spending Round 2013' by Claire Annesley (2013). National Report looking at various proposed changes in the 2013 spending round in the context of how these are likely to affect women.
Women's Resource Centre 'Impact of the Economic Crisis on Women's Equality' (2013). National Brief looking at how the economic crisis and welfare reforms will affect women's equality in the UK.
The Guardian 'Legal Aid Cuts Are Devastating to Women, Especially Those Suffering Abuse' by Mary O'Hara (2013). National News report highlighting the impact of cuts to legal aid on women experiencing domestic violence.
Scottish Government 'SG Analysis - Gender Impact of the UK Welfare Reforms' (2013). Scotland Analysis of welfare reforms conducted by the Scottish Governemnt into how these reforms are affecting women.
Liverpool John Moores University 'Women at the Cutting Edge: Why Public Sector Spending Cuts in Liverpool are a Gender Equality Issue' by Dr Liz James and Jackie Patiniotis (2013). Regional -Liverpool Report analysing the gender equality issues being raised by recent public spending cuts and affects cuts are having on women in Liverpool.
East London Fawcett Society 'Cutting Women Out: A Study of How the Cuts Will Affect Women Living in Islington' (2013). Regional - London A report looking at the impact of austerity measures on women in Islington and how other local authorities can use this to understand the impact of cuts on women.
Women's Resource Centre 'The Impact of Public Spending Cuts on Women's Voluntary and Community Organisations in London' (2013). Regional - London Report looking at how voluntary and community organisations in London which aim to provide services to women are being affected by recent public spending cuts and policy decisions.
Gingerbread 'Paying the Price: Single Parents in the Age of Austerity' by Sumi Rabindrakumar (2013). National Report looking at single parents’ experiences of austerity and the impact on their families.
The European Commission 'The Impact of the Economic Crisis on the Situation of Men and Women and on Gender Equality Policies' (2013). International - Europe Report looking at how the economic crisis and laws/ policies created to combat the crisis may affect equality between men and women throughout Europe and the policies created to combat inequality.
Women's Resource Centre 'The Impact of Austerity Measures Upon Women: A Case Study of the North East of England' (2013). Regional - North East Case study considers the impact of the UK Government’s austerity measures and welfare reforms upon existing levels of gender inequality in the North East of England. Builds upon findings of the interim case study which can be found below.
Women's Resource Centre 'The impact of austerity measures upon women in the North East of England - Findings and Recommendations from Interim Case Study' (2012). Regional - North East Interim case study which considers the impact of the UK Government’s austerity measures and welfare reforms upon women in the North East of England.
Centre for Human Rights in Practice, Warwick Law School and Coventry Women's Voices 'Getting off Lightly or Feeling the Pinch: A Human Rights and Equality Impact Assessment of the
Public Spending Cuts on Older Women in Coventry' by Mary-Ann Stephenson, James Harrison and Ann Stewart (2012)
.
Regional - Coventry A report looking at the impacts that various public spending cuts are having on older women in the Coventry area.
NUS 'Cut to the Quick: The Impact of Government Reforms and Cuts on Women Students' (2012). National Report aimed at activists, officers and students' unions, assessing the impact of public spending cuts on women students.
Fawcett Society 'The Impact of Austerity on Women' by Daisy Sands (2012). National Research that brings together a broad range of quantitative and qualitative data and analysis that currently exists on the impact of austerity measures announced to date on women. This includes the impact of the June 2010 Emergency Budget, the 2010 Comprehensive Spending Review (CSR), the 2011 Budget and the 2011 Autumn Financial Statement (AFS) on equality between women and men.
Women's Budget Group, Equality and Human Rights Commission 'The Impact of Changes in Commissioning and Funding on Women-Only Services' by Andy Hirst and Sini Rinne (2012). National Report considering whether the introduction of commissioning procedures and funding cuts have had a disadvantageous impact on the provision of women-only services.
Labour’s Commission on Women’s Safety 'Everywoman Safe Everywhere:
Labour’s Commission on Women’s Safety. First Interim Report' by Vera Baird (2012).
National Report setting out the impacts of public spending cuts on violence against women services.
Trust for London, Northern Rock Foundation and Lancaster University 'Measuring the impact of cuts in public expenditure on the provision of services to prevent violence against women and girls' by Professor Sylvia Walby (2012). National Report assessing the effect of reductions in national budgets on local services that seek to protect and advise women experiencing violence and prevent violence against women.
Engender 'Multiple Jeopardy?: The Impacts of the UK Government's proposed Welfare Reforms on Women in Scotland' (2012). Scotland Report looking at how spending cuts are likely to have an impact on women in Scotland and whether this impact is worse than on other groups also suffering due to spending cuts.
Women's Resource Centre "Factsheet: Women and The Cuts 2012" (2012) National Factsheet setting out statistical data that can be used to highlight the continued impact of the cuts on women.
Women's Budget Group - Scottish Women's Aid 'Measuring the impact of funding cuts on domestic abuse services for women and children in Scotland.'(2011-2012) Scotland Report produced finding that 84% of Women's Aid groups are working with reduced or standstill budgets. One third of these have had to make cuts in their services as a result of reduced funding - this has included cuts in support provided to women and children, introduction of waiting lists and reduction of out of hours and crisis support availability, cuts in staff hours, pension contributions, and freezes in hiring and training budgets.
Trade Union Congress "The gender impact of the cuts- a year on" (2011) National Follow up to TUC’s 2010 brief, examining the ways in which women in both the public and private sectors have been affected by the public sector cuts, as workers, as benefits claimants and as service users.
Centre for Human Rights in Practice, Warwick Law School and Coventry Women's Voices 'Unravelling Equality? A Human Rights and Equality Impact Assessment of the Public Spending Cuts on Women in Coventry' by Mary-Ann Stephenson and James Harrison (2011) Regional - Coventry A human rights and equality impact assessment looking at how various public spending cuts are affecting women in the Coventry area.
Fawcett Society 'Life Raft for Women's Equality.' (2011). National Recommendations to the UK Government that could offer protection to women's equality in the face of public spending cuts.
Women's Resource and Development Agency 'The Northern Ireland Economy:Women on the Edge? A Comprehensive Analysis of the Impacts of the Financial Crisis' by Bronagh Hinds (2011). Northern Ireland Report focusing on particular groups of vulnerable women in Northern Ireland, young women, older women, migrant women and lone parents, and the impacts that the financial crisis and solutions proposed by Government are likely to have on them.
Bristol Fawcett Society 'Cutting Women Out in Bristol: Impact Assessment of the Public Spending Cuts on Women in Bristol' by Anna Mapson (2014). Regional - Bristol A Report demonstrating the extent of the public sector spending cuts and their equality and human rights impact on women in Bristol.
Women's Budget Group 'The Impact on Women of the Budget 2011.' (2011) National A gender impact assessment of the coalition's 2011 Budget.
Women's Budget Group 'Welfare Reform Bill 2011 - Universal Credit payment issues: Briefing from Women’s Budget Group (WBG) – September 2011.' National Briefing expressing concerns about the impact of Universal Credit for progress towards women's equality.
Trade Union Congress 'Bearing the Brunt, Leading the Response: Women and the Global Economic Crisis' (2011). Worldwide Report looking at the effects that the economic crisis and spending cuts are having on women throughout the world, featuring case studies from women in Europe, Africa, Asia and America
Trade Union Congress 'The Gender Impact of the Cuts' (2010). National Brief exploring the ways in which women in public and private sectors will be hit by public sector cuts.
Women's Budget Group 'The Impact on Women of the Coalition Spending Review 2010' by Claire Annesley and Susan Himmelweit (2010). National Report looking at various proposed changes in the spending review in the context of how these are likely to affect women.
Oxfam International and European Women's Lobby 'Time for Action: Responding to Poverty, Social Exclusion and Inequality in Europe and Beyond' (2010). International - Europe Research to explore and analyze the hidden impact of the current economic recession on women’s poverty in EU countries
Women's Budget Group Women's Budget Group - Reports, Responces and Briefings. National A series of reports showing an anaysis of how each of announced budgets are going to have an impact on women in the UK.


14. Reports on the impacts of public spending cuts and welfare reform on older people

Organisation(s) Report Name and Author

National or Regional Analysis

Description
Age UK "Age UK Inquiry Submission APPG on Hunger and Food Poverty Inquiry" (2014) National Submission of evidence relating to the reality of food poverty for older people, the need for food banks and the number of older people who are malnourished.
King's College London 'Austerity and Inequality: Exploring the Impact of Cuts in the UK by Gender and Age' (2013). National Academic paper looking at the fairness of austerity measures and how it is affecting these groups of people.
Centre for Human Rights in Practice, Warwick Law School and Coventry Women's Voices 'Getting off Lightly or Feeling the Pinch: A Human Rights and Equality Impact Assessment of the Public Spending Cuts on Older Women in Coventry' by Mary-Ann Stephenson, James Harrison and Ann Stewart (2012). Regional - Coventry A report looking at the impacts that various public spending cuts are having on older women in the Coventry area.
Age UK 'Care in Crisis: Seven Building Blocks for Reform' (2012). National Looks at the problems with the adult social care system since cuts have been made.
Age UK 'Don't Cut Care in London' (2011). Regional - London Report looking at the main spending cuts affecting older people and the impacts of those cuts. Also contains results from focus groups of older people discussing the cuts.
PSSRU and Age UK 'The Impact of a Tightening Fiscal Situation on Social Care for Older People' by Julien Forder and Jose-Luis Fernandez (2010). National Looks at how the reduction in the budgets available for adult social care is affecting older people in the UK.
Radical Statistics, Issue 103 'Unkindest Cuts: The Impact on Older People' by Jay Ginn (2010). 
National Report suggesting that proposed reforms by the coalition Government cannot be fair but have an adverse impact on older people.
Age UK "Age UK's Response to the Work and Pensions Committee Inquiry into changes to Housing Benefit" (2010) National Consultation response rasing concern over reforms to housing benefit and the impact that they could have on the old and vulnerable.


15. Reports on the impacts of public spending cuts and welfare reform on disabled people and carers

Organisation(s) Report Name and Author National or Regional Analysis Description
Just Fair ‘Dignity and Opportunity for All - Securing the Rights of Disabled People in the Austerity Era’ by Jane Young and Aoife Nolan (2014) National Report examining the impact of austerity measures and welfare reform on disabled people, and whether the UK government is meeting its obligations under the ICESCR and the UNCRPD to realise the right to social security and the right to independent living.
Centre for Welfare Reform 'A Fair Society? How the Cuts Target Disabled People' by Simon Duffy (2013). National A report looking at how cuts have unfairly targeted disabled people and what harm has been done to disabled people by cuts.
Citizens Advice Scotland 'A Tidal Wave of Change: The Impact of Benefit Reforms, Changes and Cuts on People and Families in Scotland' by Keith Dryburgh (2013). Scotland Contains a large section looking at how benefit reforms will affect disabled people in Scotland.
Age UK 'Care in Crisis: Seven Building Blocks for Reform' (2012). National Looks at the problems with the adult social care system since cuts have been made.
Demos 'Coping with the Cuts' by Claudia Wood, Phillida Cheetham and Tom Gregory (2012). National Report looking at how cuts will affect services for disabled people across a range of local authorities in the UK and advice as to the best ways for local authorities and families to cope with these cuts.
UK Disabled People's Council and Disability Benefits Consortium 'The Tipping Point: The Human and Economic Costs of Cutting Disabled People's Support' (2012). National Report suggesting how and why it appears that disabled people are being the hardest group hit by recent public spending cuts.
Demos 'Destination Unknown: Summer 2012' by Claudia Wood (2012). National Last part in study looking at the impact of spending cuts on diabled families. Looks at the human costs of the loss of income to disabled families caused by various cuts to benefits by looking at the situations of several families.
Contact a Family 'The Cumulative Effect - The Impact of Welfare Reforms on Families with Disabled Children Now and for Future Generations to Come' (2012). National Report looking at how public spending cuts are going to affect those families with disabled children over the next few years.
European Foundation Centre 'Assessing the Impact of European Governments' Austerity Plans on the Rights of People With Disabilities' (2012). International - Europe Report of key findings as to how cuts made by European Governments' are affecting and infringing on the rights of disabled people.
Disability Benefits Consortium 'Benefiting Disabled People?' (2011). National Report looking at the harms that disabled people may face due to the changes to the disability benefits system.
Joseph Rowntree Foundation 'Rethinking Disability Policy' by Jenny Morris (2011). National Report looking into the future and how recent public spending cuts are likely to affect disabled people.
Unison 'Factsheet #30 Speaking Out for Disabled People' (2011).
National Short Brief detailing how cuts will be disproportionately affecting disabled people.
Scope 'Legal Aid in Welfare: The Tool we Can't Afford to Lose' by Cristina Sarb and Marc Bush (2011). National Looks at the impacts that cuts to legal aid are likely to have on disabled claimants.
Demos 'Destination Unknown: Spring 2011' by Claudia Wood and Eugene Grant (2011). National This report follows five disabled families and the impact that cuts are having on their lives to show the real consequences that cuts are having on the every day lives of disabled people.
Demos 'Destination Unknown: Autumn 2011' by Claudia Wood (2011). National Continuation of disability in austerity study following the lives of disabled people and their families and how they are to be impaced by spending cuts.
Norfolk Coalition of Disabled People 'The Impact of National Budget Cuts, Tax Changes and Local Reductions in Services on Disabled People and their Families in Norfolk' by Chris Edwards (2011). Regional - Norfolk Report looking at how spending cuts will affect disabled people and their families in the Norfolk area.
Inclusion London "All in this together? The impact of spending cuts on deaf and disabled people in London" (2011) Regional-London Report examining how inequality and poverty will be deepened for Deaf and Disabled Londoners through the coalition government’s programme of £81 billion spending cuts.
Centre for Welfare Reform "From unfair cuts to a fair society" by Simon Duffy (2011) National Submission to the Joint Committee on Human Rights and its inquiry into the implementation of the right of disabled people to independent living.
Carers UK 'What the Emergency Budget Means for Carers' (2010). National Brief looking at how changes to benefits and Government spending is going to have an impact on carers in the UK.
Leonard Cheshire Disability 'Disability and the Downturn' by Eleanor Gore and Guy Parckar (2010). National Report looking at how spending cuts and the economic crisis are only making the situation for disabled people living in poverty worse, particularly in regards to disabled people being able to gain access to employment.
Demos 'Destination Unknown' by Claudia Wood and Eugene Grant (2010). National This report explores how cuts to welfare and public spending will affect disabled people in Britain and examines the reforms to welfare benefits announced in the Emergency Budget and in the 2010 Spending Review and concludes that the impact on disabled people has not been fully considered.
Disabled People Against the Cuts 'Disabled People Against the Cuts Report.'(2010) National Brief detailing how disabled people are going to be negatively affected by recent changes to laws.
Unison Disabled People and the Cuts. National Facts, news and resources about how disabled people are being affected by public spending cuts.
Action for Children 'Young Carers.' National Report looking at how spending cuts are affecting young carers in the UK.
Action for Children 'Disabled Children and Young People.' National Report looking at the impact of cuts on disabled children and young people.
Mencap 'Stuck at Home: The Impact of Day Service Cuts on People with a Learning Disability.' National Looks at spending cuts that have been made to social care services for people with learning disabilities and how it will impact them, their carers and their families.
Demos 'Demos: Mapping Cuts to Disability Services, How Your Council is Coping.' National Maps cuts to disability services by local authority.
Demos and Scope 'The Disability in Austerity Study' by Claudia Wood and Eugene Grant. National Ongoing project since 2010 exploring how spending cuts are to affect disabled people in Britain.


16. Reports on the impacts of public spending cuts and welfare reform on BAME (Black, Asian, Minority Ethnic) people

Organisation(s) Report Name and Author National or Regional Analysis Description
Joseph Rowntree Foundation ‘Poverty across ethnic groups through recession and austerity’ by Paul Fisher and Alita Nandi (2015) National Report examining the differing effects that the recession and subsequent austerity measures have had on various ethnic groups.
Department for Work & Pensions In-depth interviews with people affected by the Benefit Cap by Anna Clarke (2014) Regional - London

Reports on the impacts of public spending cuts and welfare reform on single parents, large families, Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) households and vulnerable people

Centre for Human Rights in Practice, Warwick Law School, Coventry Women's Voices, CEMAP and Foleshill Women's Training 'Layers of Inequality: A Human Rights and Equality Impact Assessment of the Public Spending Cuts on Black Asian and Minority Ethnic Women in Coventry' by Kalwinder Sandhu, Mary-Ann Stephenson & James Harrison (2013). Regional - Coventry A human rights and equality impact assessment looking at how various public spending cuts are affecting BAME women in the Coventry area.
Coalition for Racial Equality and Rights 'In It Together? Perceptions on Ethnicity, Recession and Austerity in Three Glasgow Communities' by Filip Sosenko, Gina Netto, Akwugo Emejulu & Leah Bassel (2013). Scotland Study of views and experiences of BAME communities in Glasgow in the context of austerity measures and welfare reform.
Joseph Rowntree Foundation 'Poverty and Ethnicity in Northern Ireland: An Evidence Review' by Alison Wallace, Ruth McAreavey and Karl Atkin (2013). Northern Ireland Report looking at the relationship between poverty and ethnicity in Northern Ireland, including analysis of access to public services.
Joseph Rowntree Foundation 'Poverty and Ethnicity in Wales' by Duncan Holtom, Ian Bottrill and Jack Watkins (2013). Wales Report comsidering the relationship between poverty and ethnicity in Wales including analysis of access to public services.
Just West Yorkshire, The Leeds Social Science Institute and Leeds University Business School 'West Yorkshire Public Sector Cuts: The Impact on the BME Voluntary and Community Sector' by Ratna Lachman and Fatima Malik (2012). Regional -West Yorkshire Case study review complied to assess the impact of the first year of the Coalition’s austerity budget on the ability of the Voluntary and Community sector to deliver vital services to BAME communities in West Yorkshire.
Minority Ethnic Network 'The Impact of Economic Downturn on BAME Education Services' by Eleanor Stokes (2011). National Report identifying the effects that the economic crisis and spending cuts are having on education services for BAME people and areas where further research is needed into the effects of cuts on Black, Asian Minority Ethnic education services. It focuses on the work carried out by supplementary schools and other organisations whose work with BAME people is advisory and/or educational.

Runnymede Trust

"Joint submission by UK NGOs Against Racism to the UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) with regard to the UK Government's 18th and 19th Periodic Reports" (2011) National Collaborative report based on the efforts of several anti-racist, community and human rights non-governmental organisations (NGOs), examining government policy on racial inequality including the disproportionate impact of the Government’s spending cuts and reforms to social welfare on minority ethnic communities.


17. Reports on the impacts of public spending cuts and welfare reform on children and young people

Organisation(s) Report Name and Author National or Regional Analysis Description
Joseph Rowntree Foundation 'Referendum Briefing: Child Poverty in Scotland' (Summary) by Hannah Aldridge and Peter Kenway (2014).
Scotland Looks at the reduction in child poverty in Scotland compared to England, and the need to mitigate the effects of benefit cuts for workless families.
Shelter and GfK NOP Qualitative Social Research “The experience of families claiming housing benefit during a time of cuts and changes to benefits: A report on a longitudinal study on behalf of shelter” by Rezina Chowdhury and Natalie Cass (2014) Regional-London Longitudinal study examining the impact national policy changes have had on sixteen families privately renting in London, who are in receipt of housing benefit.
YMCA "Processed and Punished" (2014) National Report focussing on vulnerable young people's experiences of the current welfare system, in particular looking at the support provided by Jobcentre Plus.
Oxfam "Mulitiple Cuts for the Poorest Families: 1.75 million of the poorest families have seen their benefits cut to date due to welfare reform" by Hannah Aldridge and Tom Maccines (2014) National Report analysing the impact of welfare reforms and benefit reductions for some of the UK’s poorest families.
Family and Childcare Trust 'Living Precariously: Families in an Age of Austerity' (2013). National A two-year programme of research tracking family life through an ‘Age of Austerity’. This research interrogates spending cuts to local services as well as exploring how fluctuations in household income are affecting family well-being.
Family and Parenting Institute and Ipsos MORI 'Family Matters: Understanding Families in an Age of Austerity' by Chris Perry and Suzanne Hall (2013). National A report looking at how austerity is affecting families and ways in which some of these negative affects can be mitigated. Looks at real life families and how they have been affected by austerity measures in several case studies.
JustRights 'Transforming Legal Aid: The Impact on Children and Young People' (2013). National Report looking at the impacts that legal aid cuts will have on children and young people in limiting their access to the Courts and justice.
Gingerbread 'Paying the Price: Single Parents in the Age of Austerity' by Sumi Rabindrakumar (2013). National Report looking at single parents’ experiences of austerity and the impact on their families.
Action for Children 'The Red Book 2012: The Annual Review of the Impact of Spending Decisions on Vulnerable Children and Families' (2012). National Report showing the impact of UK Government spending decisions on vulnerable children, young people and families.
Family and Parenting Institute 'Families on the Front Line? Local Spending on Children's Services in Austerity' by Oliver Hopwood and Dr Robin Pharoah (2012). National Research looking to understand the impacts of revenue spending cuts on children's services across eight different local authorities in England.
Wakefield Poverty and Prosperity Commission 'Better Futures for All: Report of the Wakefield Poverty and Prosperity Commission' (2012).  Regional - Wakefield Report which makes recommendations about health and wellbeing in Wakefield, with a particular focus on post 16 skills and education, as well as regeneration and employment, in the context of the economic downturn and public spending cuts.
Family Action 'Breaking the Bank: Family Fortunes - The Impact of Austerity on Family Life' (2012). National Report about the impact of austerity measures on families.
Single Parent Action Network "A qualitative study of the journeys of single parents on jobseeker's allowance" by Tina Haux (2012) National Qualitative study of fifty single parents between 2009 and 2012 with the purpose of exploring the wellbeing, practical support and available education for single parents receiving JSA.
National Council for Voluntary Youth Services 'Comprehensive Cuts 3: Where are we now for young people and the voluntary and community youth sector?' (2011). National Report assessing the continuing impact of funding cuts on the voluntary and community sector.
Children England 'Counting the Cuts: The Impact of the Public Sector Spending Cuts on Children's Charities' (2011). England Report looking at how the spending cuts are affecting the workings of children's charities.
Action for Children 'The Red Book: Impact of UK Government spending decisions on children, young people and families 2010/2011' (2010). National Report identifying the impact of decisions made in the 2010 spending review on the lives of the most vulnerable and neglected children and young people.
National Council for Voluntary Youth Services 'Comprehensive Cuts – Part 2: Tracking funding and policies and their impact on young people' (2010). National Report detailing the impact of the Government’s financial policies of the voluntary and youth sector and raising concerns about their impact on young people, particularly disadvantaged young people.
National Children’s Bureau 'Beyond the Cuts: Children's Charities Adapting to Austerity.' National Report looking at the current state of children and young people’s charity sector in the context of having to adapt to spending cuts being made to services.
Action for Children 'Young Carers.'
National Report looking at how spending cuts are affecting young carers in the UK.
Action for Children 'Disabled Children and Young People.' National Report looking at the impact of cuts on disabled children and young people.