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Toolkit: Useful Resources for carrying out an Equality and/or Human Rights Impact Assessment

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This section provides resources for organisations, groups and individuals who wish to carry out an Equality and /or Human Rights Impact Assessment. Impact assessments may be carried out by public sector organisations in order to meet their statutory duties under the Public Sector Equality Duty, or they may be carried out by voluntary organisations, trade unions or campaigning groups in order to hold public bodies to account. This section provides resources that can be used by both public bodies assessing their own policies and practices and outside organisations assessing the policies and practices of public bodies.

Anyone carrying out an Equality and/or Human Rights Impact Assessment may also find it useful to look at the wide range of reports and briefings that have already been carried out by various groups and organisations examining the impact of the spending cuts on particular groups or areas of the country. You can access many of these reports here.

If you would like to view the Equality Impact Assessments which have been produced by the Centre for Human Rights in Practice to date, please click here.

Information for those considering making legal challenges can be found here.


Toolkits and guides to carry out an Equality and Human Rights Impact Assessment.


Below are tables containing links to various "how-to" guides showing the steps that are recommended which you should take in order to conduct your own Equality Impact Assessment.


1.1. Guides for Public Authorities


These toolkits are mainly aimed at public authorities who wish to assess the equality/human rights impact of their own policies and practices. Trade Unions and Voluntary Organisation may also find these useful.

Organisation(s) Report Name (Author) Resource Description

Scottish Human Rights Comission

Equality and Human Rights Impact Assessment A website resource dedicated to providing guidance, training and practical examples of how to conduct an equality and human rights impact assessment
Equality and Human Rights Commission 'Equality Impact Assessments' Guidance as to how an equality impact assessment in relation equal pay can be carried out.
Equality and Human Rights Commission 'The Essential Guide to the Public Sector Equality Duty' (2012) An overview of the requirements of the equality duty.
Equality and Human Rights Commission 'Meeting the Equality Duty in Policy and Decision-Making' (2012) Guidance on the requirements of the equality duty in policy development and the decision-making process of public authorities.
Equality and Human Rights Commission 'Engagement and the Equality Duty' (2012)  Guidance on how engagement can be used to comply with the equality duty and outlining methods of engagement.
Equality and Human Rights Commission 'Objectives and the Equality Duty: A Guide for Public Authorities' (2011) Guidance on the purpose of equality objectives.
Equality and Human Rights Commission 'Equality Impact Assessment Quick-Start Guide' (2010) A step-by-step starters' guide to carrying out an Equality Impact Assessment, aimed primarily at public bodies.
Equality and Human Rights Commission 'Equality Impact Assessment Guidance: A Step-by-Step Guide to Integrating Equality Impact Assessment into Policymaking and Review.' (2009) Guidance for those wishing to develop and revise policies while abiding by their public sector equality duties, and need to create Equality Impact Assessments (EIA) in order to meet them. It provides practical information, supported by examples of those who have carried out EIAs, to help public authorities integrate EIAs into their policymaking and service development activities.
Government Equalities Office 'Quick Start Guide: Public Sector Equality Duty' (2011)  A starters' guide to understanding the equality duty.
Government Equalities Office 'Public Sector: Quick Start Guide to the Specific Duties' (2011) Guidance outlining the specific duties of public authorities.
NHS Wales Centre for Equality and Human Rights 'A Toolkit for Carrying out Equality Impact Assessment (EqIA)' (2012) Step-by-step guidance of how to produce an equality impact assessment produced by the NHS, therefore provides good advice for voluntary sector organisations.
CareQuality Commission 'Equality and human rights impact assessments (EHRIA)' Contains examples of screening documents (initial analysis of a policy undertaken to see if it has any negative impacts on different equality groups or violates any human rights, and whether an equality/ human rights impact assessment needs to be undertaken therefore) and impact assessments conducted by a voluntary organisation. Also contains a toolkit and guidance for how voluntary organisation staff should undertake an impact assessment.


2. Guides aimed at Trade Unions and Voluntary Organisations


These toolkits are aimed specifically at voluntary organisations and trade unions to offer advice as to how to go about conducting an equality/ human rights impact assessment.

Organisation(s) Report Name (Author) Resource Description
Trade Union Congress (TUC) 'Women and the Cuts Toolkit' by Mary-Ann Stephenson Useful resource demonstrating how to make your own Equality Impact Assessment with guidance on other places to look for resources and information in creating your own impact assessment. Aimed primarily at trade union and voluntary organisations.
Women's Budget Group 'Women vs Local Cuts' Toolkit A toolkit for women's groups on evaluating local government Impact Assessments about gender equality.
Human Rights Impact Resource Centre Human Rights Impact Resource Centre Information and resources on why a human rights impact assessment should be conducted and how to go about producing one.


3. Broader Guidance on Carrying out an Assessment

Additional guidance to what equality/human rights impact assessments are, why they should be conducted and examples as to what is good and bad practice. Also gives additional information as to different types of impact assessments that can be conducted.

Organisation(s) Report Name (Author) Resource Description
Equality and Diversity Forum 'Public Sector Equality Duty Guidance' (2012) A collection of guidance, training and other materials covering public sector equality duty, examining how to implement PSED in practice. Material has been gathered from the equality and human rights commission, government sources, and campaign groups /voluntary organisations.
Scottish Human Rights Commission 'Human Rights Impact Assessment: Review of Practice and Guidance for Future Assessments.' By James Harrison and Mary-Ann Stephenson (2010) A review of the different practices and methodologies available to create a human rights and equalities impact assessment. The research provides an information base regarding current practice in undertaking HRIAs, both domestically and internationally. It is also a useful guide around future thinking on HRIAs, and should assist organisations who are developing HRIA methodologies and practices which will be appropriate and relevant to their particular area of work.
Equality and Human Rights Commission 'Race Equality Impact Assessment Guidance.' (2009) Information on the steps for creating a race equality impact assessment. Although the race equality duty does not apply to private or voluntary sectors, any organisation interested in making sure its policies do not disadvantage or exclude people on grounds of race, colour, nationality, or ethnic or national origin will find the advice on this site useful.
Scotland’s Commissioner
for Children and
Young People
'Children's Rights Impact Assesment: The SCCYP Model.' By Laura Paton and Gillian Munro (2006) 

This toolkit contains information on the purpose of children’s rights impact assessments and guidelines on how they should be carried out. It includes forms which are essentially a step-by-step guide to carrying out an assessment. Two types of assessment demonstrated, a short initial screening (to help identify if a full assessment is required) and an eight-stage full impact assessment.

Equality and Human Rights Commission 'Equality Impact Assessments' Guidance as to how an equality impact assessment in relation to equal pay can be carried out.
The Civil Service, Cabinet Office 'Equality Impact Assessments: Guidance to the Process.' (Draft) Draft guide giving guidance at to what an equality impact assessment is and the process which the Cabinet Office uses to undertake one.