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Gender identity


Gender identity

An individual’s internal sense of gender, which may or may not be the same as one’s gender assigned at birth. Some gender identities are "woman," "transman" and "agender" but there are many more. Gender Identities refer to how individuals and groups perceive and present themselves, and how they are perceived by others. Gender identities are context-specific.

(Adapted, see notes)

OTHER DEFINITIONS
1. An individual’s internal sense of gender, which may or may not be the same as one’s gender assigned at birth. Some gender identities are "woman," "transman" and "agender" but there are many more. Since gender identity is internal it isn’t necessarily visible to others. (UC Berkeley Website, Gender Equity Resource Centre)

2. A person’s sense of being male or female, resulting from a combination of genetic and environmental influences and a person’s concept of being male and masculine or female and feminine, or ambivalent. (EC, Strategy for equality between women and men 2010-2015)

3. Gender Identities refer to how individuals and groups perceive and present themselves, and how they are perceived by others (Schiebinger, 1999). Gender identities are context-specific. Any individual engages in multiple femininities and masculinities (consciously or unconsciously), depending on the particular context. Transgender describes “expressions of gender characteristics, including identities that are not stereotypically associated with one’s assigned sex at birth” (WPATH, 2011).Cisgender refers to people whose sex assigned at birth is aligned with their gender identity (Gendered Innovations Website)

Notes
The Consortium decided to adapt the definition 1 adding the element of perceptions of gender identity by others and the influence on the context (using definition 3).