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References

The sources referred to in this outline of the project are:

 

Advisory Committee on Pesticides (2003).  Alternatives to conventional pest control techniques in the UK: a scoping study of the potential for their wider use. ACP Open Meeting, York, 15 October 2003.

Bedding, R. A. & Akhurst, R. J. (1975).  A simple technique for the detection of insect parasitic rhabditid nematodes in soil. Nematologica 21, 109- 116.

Bidochka, M. J., et al. (2001).  Habitat association in two genetic groups of the insect pathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae: uncovering cryptic species?  Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67, 1335 – 1342.

Bidochka, M. J., et al. (2002).  Genetic groups of the insect pathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana are associated with habitat and thermal growth preferences.  Archiv. Microbiol. 178, 531 – 537.

Bidochka, M. J. et al. (1996).  Fate of biological control introductions: Monitoring an Australian fungal pathogen of grasshoppers in North America.  Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 93, 918 – 921.

Castrillo, L. A., et al. (2003). Strain specific detection of introduced Beauveria bassiana in fields by use of sequence characterized amplified region markers. J. Invert. Path. 82, 75 – 83.

Chandler, D. (1997).  Selection of an isolate of the insect pathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae virulent to the lettuce root aphid Pemphigus bursarius.  Bio. Sci. Technol. 7, 95-104.

Chandler, D. et al. (1997).  Sampling and occurrence of entomopathogenic fungi and nematodes in UK soils.  Appl. Soil Ecol.  5, 133-141.

Chandler, D. et al. (1993).  Competitive interaction between strains of Verticillium lecanii on two insect hosts. Ann. Appl. Biol.  122, 435- 440.

Clarke, R. et al. (2002) Buyer Power and Concentration in European Retailing.    Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Coghlan, A. (2003). Red tape is killing green pesticides across Europe. New Scientist, 15 November 2003, p. 10.

Dent, D. (2000). Insect Pest Management. CABI Publishing, Wallingford UK, 410 pp.

Driver, F. et al. (2000).  A taxonomic revision of Metarhizium based on a phylogenetic analysis of rDNA sequence data.  Mycol. Res. 104, 134 – 150.

Dybdahl, M. F. & Storfer, A. (2003).  Parasite local adaptation: Red Queen vs. Suicide King.  TREE18, 523 – 530.

Foster, W. A. (1975).  The life history and population biology of an intertidal aphid, Pemphigus trehernei Foster.  Trans. Royal Entomol. Soc.  London, 127, 193 – 207.

Goettel, M. S. (1995). The utility of bioassays in the risk assessment of entomopathogenic fungi. In, Biotechnology Risk Assessment: USEPA/USDA, Environment Canada, Agriculture and AgriFood Canada Proceedings of the Biotechnology Risk Assessment Symposium, June 6 – 8, 1995, Pensacola, Florida. University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute, College Park, Maryland, 2- 7.

Goettel, M. S. et al. (2001).  Safety of fungal biocontrol agents. In, Fungi as biocontrol agents: progress, problems and potential (Eds., Butt, T.M., Jackson, C. W. & Magan, N.) CABI Publishing, Wallingford UK, 347 - 376.

Lewis, W. J. et al. (1997). A total system approach to sustainable pest management. Pro. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 94, 12243 – 12248.

Lockwood, J. A. (1993).  Environmental issues involved in biological control of rangeland grasshoppers (Orthoptera: Acrididae) with exotic agents.  Environ. Entomol 22, 503 – 518.

Lockwood, J. L. & Filonow, A. B. (1981). Response of fungi to nutrient limiting conditions and to inhibitory substances in natural habitats. Advances in Microbial Ecology 5 (Alexander, M. Ed.), Plenum New York, pp 1 – 61.

Majone, G. (1996) Regulating Europe.   London: Routledge.

Marsden, T. et al. (2000). Consuming Interests: theSocial Provision of Foods. London, UCL Press.

Moran, M. (2000) ‘From Command State to Regulatory State?, Public Policy and Administration, vol.15, 1-13.

Moran, M. (2003) The British Regulatory State.  Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Parker, W. E. et al. (2002).  Matching control options to a pest complex: the integrated pest management of aphids in sequentially-planted crops of outdoor lettuce.  Crop Prot. 21, 235 – 248.

Pearson, D. E. & Callaway, R. M. (2003).  Indirect effects of host-specific biological control agents. TREE 18, 456 – 461.

Roy, H. E. & Pell, J. K. (2000).  Interactions between entomopathogenic fungi and other natural enemies; Implications for biological control. Bio. Sci, Technol. 10, 737 – 752.

Storey, G. K. et al. (1989).  Penetration and persistence of commercially formulated Beauveria bassiana conidia in soil of two tillage systems.  Environ. Entomol. 18, 835 –839.

Studdert, J. P. & Kaya, H. K. (1990a).  Water potential, temperatures and clay coating of Beauveria bassiana conidia: effect on Spodoptera exigua pupal mortality in two soil types.  J. Invert. Path. 56, 327 – 336.

Tanada, Y. & Kaya, H. K. (1993).  Insect pathology.  Academic Press, San Diego USA, 666 pp.

Waage, J. K. (1997).  Biopeticides at the crossroads: IPM products or chemical clones? In, Microbial insecticides: novelty or necessity? (Chair, H. F. Evans). British Crop Protection Council Symposium Proceedings No. 68, Farnham UK, pp 11 – 20.

Advisory Committee on Pesticides (2003).  Alternatives to conventional pest control techniques in the UK: a scoping study of the potential for their wider use. ACP Open Meeting, York, 15 October 2003.

Bedding, R. A. & Akhurst, R. J. (1975).  A simple technique for the detection of insect parasitic rhabditid nematodes in soil. Nematologica 21, 109- 116.

Bidochka, M. J., et al. (2001).  Habitat association in two genetic groups of the insect pathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae: uncovering cryptic species?  Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67, 1335 – 1342.

Bidochka, M. J., et al. (2002).  Genetic groups of the insect pathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana are associated with habitat and thermal growth preferences.  Archiv. Microbiol. 178, 531 – 537.

Bidochka, M. J. et al. (1996).  Fate of biological control introductions: Monitoring an Australian fungal pathogen of grasshoppers in North America.  Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 93, 918 – 921.

Castrillo, L. A., et al. (2003). Strain specific detection of introduced Beauveria bassiana in fields by use of sequence characterized amplified region markers. J. Invert. Path. 82, 75 – 83.

Chandler, D. (1997).  Selection of an isolate of the insect pathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae virulent to the lettuce root aphid Pemphigus bursarius.  Bio. Sci. Technol. 7, 95-104.

Chandler, D. et al. (1997).  Sampling and occurrence of entomopathogenic fungi and nematodes in UK soils.  Appl. Soil Ecol.  5, 133-141.

Chandler, D. et al. (1993).  Competitive interaction between strains of Verticillium lecanii on two insect hosts. Ann. Appl. Biol.  122, 435- 440.

Clarke, R. et al. (2002) Buyer Power and Concentration in European Retailing.    Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Coghlan, A. (2003). Red tape is killing green pesticides across Europe. New Scientist, 15 November 2003, p. 10.

Dent, D. (2000). Insect Pest Management. CABI Publishing, Wallingford UK, 410 pp.

Driver, F. et al. (2000).  A taxonomic revision of Metarhizium based on a phylogenetic analysis of rDNA sequence data.  Mycol. Res. 104, 134 – 150.

Dybdahl, M. F. & Storfer, A. (2003).  Parasite local adaptation: Red Queen vs. Suicide King.  TREE18, 523 – 530.

Foster, W. A. (1975).  The life history and population biology of an intertidal aphid, Pemphigus trehernei Foster.  Trans. Royal Entomol. Soc.  London, 127, 193 – 207.

Goettel, M. S. (1995). The utility of bioassays in the risk assessment of entomopathogenic fungi. In, Biotechnology Risk Assessment: USEPA/USDA, Environment Canada, Agriculture and AgriFood Canada Proceedings of the Biotechnology Risk Assessment Symposium, June 6 – 8, 1995, Pensacola, Florida. University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute, College Park, Maryland, 2- 7.

Goettel, M. S. et al. (2001).  Safety of fungal biocontrol agents. In, Fungi as biocontrol agents: progress, problems and potential (Eds., Butt, T.M., Jackson, C. W. & Magan, N.) CABI Publishing, Wallingford UK, 347 - 376.

Lewis, W. J. et al. (1997). A total system approach to sustainable pest management. Pro. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 94, 12243 – 12248.

Lockwood, J. A. (1993).  Environmental issues involved in biological control of rangeland grasshoppers (Orthoptera: Acrididae) with exotic agents.  Environ. Entomol 22, 503 – 518.

Lockwood, J. L. & Filonow, A. B. (1981). Response of fungi to nutrient limiting conditions and to inhibitory substances in natural habitats. Advances in Microbial Ecology 5 (Alexander, M. Ed.), Plenum New York, pp 1 – 61.

Majone, G. (1996) Regulating Europe.   London: Routledge.

Marsden, T. et al. (2000). Consuming Interests: theSocial Provision of Foods. London, UCL Press.

Moran, M. (2000) ‘From Command State to Regulatory State?, Public Policy and Administration, vol.15, 1-13.

Moran, M. (2003) The British Regulatory State.  Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Parker, W. E. et al. (2002).  Matching control options to a pest complex: the integrated pest management of aphids in sequentially-planted crops of outdoor lettuce.  Crop Prot. 21, 235 – 248.

Pearson, D. E. & Callaway, R. M. (2003).  Indirect effects of host-specific biological control agents. TREE 18, 456 – 461.

Roy, H. E. & Pell, J. K. (2000).  Interactions between entomopathogenic fungi and other natural enemies; Implications for biological control. Bio. Sci, Technol. 10, 737 – 752.

Storey, G. K. et al. (1989).  Penetration and persistence of commercially formulated Beauveria bassiana conidia in soil of two tillage systems.  Environ. Entomol. 18, 835 –839.

Studdert, J. P. & Kaya, H. K. (1990a).  Water potential, temperatures and clay coating of Beauveria bassiana conidia: effect on Spodoptera exigua pupal mortality in two soil types.  J. Invert. Path. 56, 327 – 336.

Tanada, Y. & Kaya, H. K. (1993).  Insect pathology.  Academic Press, San Diego USA, 666 pp.

Waage, J. K. (1997).  Biopeticides at the crossroads: IPM products or chemical clones? In, Microbial insecticides: novelty or necessity? (Chair, H. F. Evans). British Crop Protection Council Symposium Proceedings No. 68, Farnham UK, pp 11 – 20.