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Citizenship Reports


Citizenship report n3.
Citizenship in the discourse of Egyptian political parties


This study identifies how different political parties in Egypt envision the multi-dimensional concept of citizenship. We focus on the following elements:

  • Nature of the state (identity, nature of the regime)
  • Liberties and rights (election laws, political party laws, etc.)
  • Right to gather and organise (syndicates, associations, etc.)
  • Freedom of expression and speech (right to protest, sit in, strike, etc.)
  • Public and individual liberties (freedom of belief, personal issues, etc.)
  • Rights of marginalised groups (women, minorities, etc.)
Arab Forum for Alternatives
Main Researcher: Mohamed Elagati
Researcher: Nouran Ahmed
Assistant Researcher: Mahmoud Bayoumi
September 2015
Citizenship report n2.
The debates on citizenship in Morocco: Social movements and constitutional reform


The current debates on citizenship in Morocco are taking place in a political context marked by the events of the Arab Spring. How are political, social, legal, and identity-related dimensions of citizenship formulated in the context of a monarchy that has a long continuity in Moroccan history?

By Fadma Ait Mous, Olivier Deau, Maâti Monjib August 2015
Citizenship report n1.
The National Constituent Assembly of Tunisia and Civil Society Dynamics


The Tunisian constitution of 27 January 2014 was deemed essentially compatible with international human rights principles and standards. These were adopted at the outcome of a dual process, which was underway both inside the National Constituent Assembly (NCA) and outside it, between the NCA and civil society stakeholders. Three successive drafts fell considerably short of expectations (6 August 2012, 14 December 2012 and 22 April 2013). The fourth draft (1 June 2013) was still fraught with 20 or so fundamental divergences. These were resolved, thanks to the National Dialogue in cooperation with the ad hoc “consensus commission” (lajnet tawafuqat) within the NCA, which is chaired by Mustapha Ben Jaafar (President of the NCA). The final text was overwhelmingly adopted on 26 January 2014 by 200 votes, with 12 against and four abstentions. It was promulgated on 10 February.

By Hamadi Redissi and Rihab Boukhayatia July 2015