Skip to main content

Referencing styles


This information gives you an overview of referencing styles commonly used at the University of Warwick, including for each:

  • a description of the style
  • a Library quick guide to formatting references
  • useful resources for further guidance

The drop-down boxes below can help you find out which style your department is likely to use. Links to departmental guidance are also provided where available (last updated September 2017).

Please note that you should always check with your department or course tutors to ensure you are using their preferred style


APA

APA is an author-date style commonly used in the Social Sciences. The reference list will be alphabetical by author surname.

APS

APS is a numbered referencing style commonly used in Physics. (A guide will be available shortly.)

Harvard

Harvard is a commonly used author-date style. There are lots of different Harvard styles, so please make sure that you are using a version that your department recognises. The differences between the different styles relates to which parts of the reference are put into capitals, brackets, bold and italics. The order in which you cite the different parts of the reference remains the same.

 Show

Harvard game icon
Click to play! (Please note: compatible with desktop or laptop PCs and Macs only)

MHRA

MHRA is a footnote style commonly used in the Humanities. Superscript numbers are placed in the body of the text, and corresponding notes are placed at the end of each page to cite the resources used.

MLA

MLA is an author-date style commonly used in literature or language studies. In-text citations consist of the author surname in brackets.

Oscola

Oscola stands for Oxford University Standard for Citation of Legal Authorities. It is designed to facilitate accurate citation of authorities, legislation, and other legal materials.

 Show

Useful resources

RSC/ACS

RSC and ACS are referencing styles commonly used in Chemistry.

 Show

Useful resources

Vancouver

Vancouver is a numbered referencing style. There are variations of the Vancouver style, for example the numbers may be in superscript or brackets and repeated references may be given a new number or use the number previously allocated to the source.